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Tourism Gap Learning Part 1

Outline of tourism for revision
by

Darren Atkinson

on 9 May 2013

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Transcript of Tourism Gap Learning Part 1

Tourism Tourism is the industry that provides services for people to go on holiday. Why has tourism increased? Butler Model Mass Tourism
Antigua Extreme Tourism
Antarctica TV and internet Weather Airlines like Ryanair and easyJet The average wage in the UK has risen since 1971 The economy is in better shape some years than others Jumbo jets were introduced in 1971. They can carry more people further and more cheaply Tour operators compete with each other Eco-tourism
The Inca Trail and Machu Picchu UK Tourism
Weston-super-Mare CAsE STUDIES Sustainable Tourism Stewardship
Conservation
Sustainable Development
Eco-tourism What is eco-tourism? Tourism that focuses on protecting the environment and the local way of life. Ecotourism usually involves small-group travel to natural and unspoilt environments.

It is often educational, supports long-term conservation and has minimal impact on the natural environment.

It seeks to benefit local communities and encourages respect for different cultures. What attracts people to Weston? Footpath erosion Dog fouling on beach Litter Traffic congestion
and pollution Overcrowding Negative Impacts Positive impacts: The Impacts Strategies for coping with the impacts of large numbers of tourists Dogs banned from beach Public footpaths Bins on beach Car parks and
Park and Ride
schemes Beach cleaning employment opportunities
income for individuals and Weston
multiplier effect
improved facilities for locals Construction jobs often go to locals, although they are temporary. Improved standard of living. All inclusive holidays mean tourists don’t spend money in the local restaurants. Jobs for locals are low paid and low skilled. 96% of the money spent goes back to the USA as tourism dominated by large travel companies. Antiguan culture is being changed to suit the tourists e.g. KFC in place of local restaurants. Improved roads, railways and
airports and ports also benefit the locals. Money – from the jobs, and
money spent by tourists. Jobs e.g. workers in hotels,
boat drivers, souvenir sellers. Problems Benefits 4. Target the higher class tourists so more can be charged and fewer tourists are needed. 3. Eco-tourism – tourists encouraged to work on environmental projects such as creating artificial coral reefs. 2. History – encourage tourists to visit the museums of slavery to gain an understanding of the history of Antigua. 1. Holistic experience – tourists spend time in local communities e.g. 2 hours in the home of an Antiguan. Strategies for maintaining the importance of tourism 5. Maximum group size of 16 with 2 guides. 4. Numbers restricted to 500 people per day (200 trekkers & 300 staff eg guides, cooks and porters). 3. Visitors must pay an entrance fee of $50 which creates an income for the maintenance of the trail. 2. All tour operators must be registered 1. Independent trekkers are not allowed In 2001 the Peruvian government created a set of rules to ensure the site is managed in a SUSTAINABLE way. Campsites were overcrowded and there was a lack of proper sanitation causing pollution and creating potential health risks Litter polluted the area. People climbed freely over the ruins and Inca sites were being damaged. Before 2001 visitors could walk the route without a guide and camp where they liked. Heavy usage of a well preserved path built 550 years ago - The Inca Trail, leading to erosion. 400,000 visitors each year. THE SOLUTIONS THE PROBLEMS MACHU PICCHU – an example of eco-tourism and planning for sustainable development. 7. The Inca Trail is closed each February, the wettest month, to give the vegetation a chance to recover. 6. Porters must have reasonable working conditions. Wages $10 a day. Maximum weight they can carry 25kg What is extreme tourism? When tourists go on holiday to an extreme environment or to undertake an extreme activity. Positive Factors Negative Factors Strategies to cope with tourism Money used to help conserve wildlife and carry out research. Gives the opportunity for tourists to see animals in their natural habitat. Provides jobs for ship workers and guides. Promotes environmental awareness. Boats can carry alien organisms which can interfere with the local ecosystem. Shipping accidents could result in oil polluting the local area. Tourists can disturb wildlife and disrupt breeding. There must be one guide for every twenty visitors. Only 100 people allowed onshore at once. Ships regularly cleaned to remove Mediterranean Mussels from the hull. Hotel building is not allowed. Only one ship can ‘land’ at a time.
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