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Transcript of 早期教會三一論發展（一）
Prince of angels
angels of God
"Christ is king, and priest, and God, and Lord, and angel, and man, and captain, and stone, and a Son born, and first made subject to suffering, then returning to heaven, and again coming with glory, and he is preached as having the everlasting kingdom " (Justin, Dial 34,2)
Lactantius (240 – c. 320), Inst. div. IV, 6
For Christ did not at that time descend upon Jesus, neither was Christ one and Jesus another: but the Word of God— who is the Saviour of all, and the ruler of heaven and earth, who is Jesus, as I have already pointed out, who did also take upon Him flesh, and was
anointed by the Spirit
from the Father—
was made Jesus Christ
. (Irenaeus, Ad. Haer. III, 9,3)
Pater enim tota substantia est, filius vero
(Adv. Prax. 9,2)
Justin: I shall give you another testimony, my friends, from the Scriptures, that God begot before all creatures a Beginning, [who was] a certain rational power [proceeding] from Himself, who is called by the Holy Spirit, now the Glory of the Lord, now the Son, again Wisdom, again an Angel, then God, and then Lord and Logos. (Dialogue with Trypho, 61)
For not only among the Greeks did reason (Logos) prevail to condemn these things through Socrates, but also among the Barbarians were they condemned by Reason (or the Word, the Logos) Himself, who took shape, and became man, and was called Jesus Christ. (The First Apology, 5)
— the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit: three, however, not in condition, but in degree; not in substance, but in form; not in power, but in aspect; yet of one substance, and of one condition, and of one power, inasmuch as He is one God.
(Adv. Prax. 2,4)
, Patrem, et Filium et Spiritum Sanctum dicat: tres autem non
, unius autem substantiae et unius status et unius potestatis, quia unus Deus
(Adv. Prax. 2,4)
We have been taught that He proceeds forth from God, and in that procession He is generated; so that He is the Son of God, and is called God from unity of substance with God. For God, too, is a Spirit. Even when the ray is shot from the sun, it is still part of the parent mass; the sun will still be in the ray, because it is a ray of the sun— there is no division of substance, but merely an extension. Thus Christ is
Spirit of Spirit
God of God
light of light
is kindled. (Apolpg. XXI, 14)
Now, even if invisible things, whatsoever they be, have both their substance and their form in God, whereby they are visible to God alone, how much more shall that which has been sent forth from His substance not be without substance! Whatever, therefore, was the substance of the Word that I designate a
, I claim for it the name of Son; and while I recognize the Son, I assert His distinction as second to the Father. (Adv. Prax. VII, 9)
una substantia, tres personae
τὸ ὄνομα αὐτοῦ ὁ λόγος τοῦ θεοῦ. (Rev 19:13)
περὶ τοῦ λόγου τῆς ζωῆς (1Jo 1:1)
Jesus Christ is nomos and logos
55 但司提反被聖靈充滿，定睛望天，看見上帝的榮耀，又看見耶穌站在上帝的右邊，56 就説：「我看見天開了，人子站在上帝的右邊。」