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Crime and Punishment During the Elizabethan Era
Transcript of Crime and Punishment During the Elizabethan Era
Public punishments were looked at as an exciting day out for the lower class.
The upper class would also be punished depending on their ranking.
Would not have an option to a fair trial. Torture was used to punish a person, intimidate him and the group, gather information, or obtain confession.
Crimes of the Nobility: high treason, murder, and witchcraft
Cimes of the Commoners: begging, poaching, and adultery
Most common punishments: streching, burning, beating, and drowning Treason: the offense of acting to overthrow one's government
Considiered the worst cirme one could commit.
Punishment: hung, drawn, and quartered
The person was taken from prison dragged by a horse to the gallows. They were then hung until half dead, taken down and cut into four pieces.
This punishment was reserved for only the most hated of the prisoners, who were usually the ones who committed treason. Traveling without a license was considered a crime.
This was because people wanted to keep the plague as contained as possible and to make sure the poor were not traveling from village to village.
The plague they wanted to contain was the Black Death which killed 1.5 million people in 2 years.
Many questioned actors and they were always at risk of being accused of crimes they did not commit and punished for them. Stealing anything over 5 pence resulted in hanging.
If someone stole oxen or sheep, their left hand would be burned.
If the same person was caught again, their punishment would be more severe.
Other punishments for stealing: taking out eyes with hot pinchers, tearing off fingers, or cutting off the right hand Women rarely suffered from torture.
If the women committed adultery they were dunked under water multiple times until pronounced dead.
Women were viewed as servants to men and if they disobeyed they would be whippped. If one was accused of being a witch if they used herbs.
There were 270 witch trials held during that time, 247 were women and 23 men.
People who were accused of being a witch would even be blamed for a bad harvest.
The punishment for being a witch would be hanging.
The punishment for murder was being trapped in a cage in a public square, taken down when weak, and quartered.
The punishment for begging would be beating.
If a person was caught multiple times begging they would be put in prison.
If one was caught poaching at night the punishment would be death.
Poaching means to trespass on one's property to hunt without their permission. http://www.pixiepalace.com/women/elizabeth-i/ http://www.medievalwarfare.info/torture.htm http://gocalifornia.about.com/bl_aztombphoto_glws.htm http://www.actorsmovementstudio.com/htm/salon.htm http://www.coins-of-the-uk.co.uk/pics/dec5.html http://www.bbc.co.uk/dorset/content/image_galleries/christchurch_dorset_gallery.shtml?11 http://starwars.wikia.com/wiki/Shock_whip http://www.elizabethanenglandlife.com/elizabethan-england-map.html Upper class prisoners were kept in the Tower of London.
Most criminals were taken to the Tower Hill to be executed.
Women and high ranked Nobilities would usually be executed behind the walls fo the Tower of London.
As many as 200 people would be at the behind walls "private" execution.
The Lower Class and the no longer respected Upper Class people would be executed at Tyburn and Smithfield in London. Anne Boleyn was married to King Henry VIII on January 25, 1538.
She was not popular with the English people or with the court, because of her ideas.
Boleyn lost several children, and she knew if she could not have a boy to take the thrown, her life would be in danger.
Her enemies in the court made up lies about her to tell the King.
The court convinced the King to sign a document saying Boleyn had committed adultery and had plotted to kill the King.
She was put on trial in the Great Hall in the Tower of London where 2,000 people attended.
Even though the court had no evidence against her, she was still found guilty.
Boleyn was given a private execution at the Tower of London, where she gave a short speeach before being beheaded with a sword.
She was buried in an unmarked grave in the chapel at the Tower of London.