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Lisa Trebs

on 4 June 2014

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“For never was a story of more woe than this of Juliet and her Romeo.”
“My bounty is as boundless as the sea,
My love as deep; the more I give to thee,
The more I have, for both are infinite.”
2. Characters
2.1 Characterization
2.2 Relationships
1. General facts
Film of 1968
Romeo and Juliet
“These violent delights have violent ends
And in their triumph die, like fire and powder
Which, as they kiss, consume”
“Good night, good night! parting is such sweet sorrow,
That I shall say good night till it be morrow.”
“Don't waste your love on somebody, who doesn't value it.”
“Do not swear by the moon, for she changes constantly. then your love would also change.”
“See how she leans her cheek upon her hand.
O, that I were a glove upon that hand
That I might touch that cheek!”
“Love is a smoke made with the fume of sighs.”
“Women may fall when there's no strength in men."
“Under loves heavy burden do I sink."
“My only love sprung from my only hate.”
“What's in a name? that which we call a rose
By any other name would smell as sweet.”
“One fire burns out another's burning,
One pain is lessen'd by another's anguish.”
“Death, that hath suck'd the honey of thy breath hath had no power yet upon thy beauty.”
“I must be gone and live, or stay and die.”
“Is love a tender thing? It is too rough, too rude, too boisterous, and it pricks like thorn.”
“Eyes, look your last!
Arms, take your last embrace!
And, lips, oh you the doors of breath, seal with a righteous kiss a dateless bargain to engrossing death!”
1. General facts
1.1 Historical background
1.2 Publication
1.3 Awards
2. Characters
2.1 Characterization
2.2 Relationships
3. Plot
4. Themes and Motives

4.1 Love
4.2 Fate and chance
4.3 Duality and family feud
4.4 Generation gap
4.5 Time
5. Comparison between film and play
6. Importance
7. Sources
2. Characters

3. Plot
3. Plot
4.Themes and motives
4.1 Love
4. Themes and motives
4.2 Fate and chance
4. Themes and motives
4.3 Duality and family feud
4. Themes and Motives
4.4 Generation gap
4. Themes and motives
4.5 Time
5. Comparison between the film and the play
6. Importance
7. Sources
British-Italian romance film based on the tragic play of the same name by William Shakespeare

1.1 Historical background

Shakespeare: Elizabethan era (1558 - 1603)
characteristic features: turnaround of the society
(individuality, empirical evidence, humanism)
1960's -> identification with Shakespeare and topics possible
-> modern interpretation of the passion of love, peace, freedom

1.2 Publication

published on October 8, 1968
running time: 138 minutes
set in a 14th-century Renaissance Italy in varying locations
Leonard Whiting as Romeo Montague
Olivia Hussey as Julia Capulet

1.3 Awards
2 Oscars, 1 British Film Academy Award, 3 Golden
Globes, 5 Nastro-d’Argento-Awards, 1 National
Board of Review, 2 Laurel Awards

film of 1968:
classical film version
strong connection with the original play
ideal heroes for the 60's -> shows perfectly attitude of life

in popular culture:
inspiration for Radiohead song "Exit Music ( For a Film)"
references of the film in the video of "Nothing Broken but my heart" by Celine Dion
references in Rumiko Takahashi's manga and anime works

literature: The Alexander Shakespeare: "Romeo & Juliet" by William Shakespeare

film: "Romeo and Juliet" by Franco Zeffirelli
-long-standing hatred between families (Capulet <-> Montague)
-> parents attitude is based on it
- is destructive for love between 2 young people (can not act on their feelings)
- causes fights between kinsmen and servants of the different families
Tybald of the Capulet-family fights against Mercutio a friend of the Montague-family
- cause for Romeos and Juliets behavior: feelings are understood by their parents =impossible
- Juliet suffers:
- insensitive mother
- verbally abusive father
- nurse first friendly, abandons her when she is in need of help
- 16 year-old heir of Montague
- romantic, passionate, impulsive, handsome
- does not like violence
- 14 year-old daughter of Capulet
- first naive -> grows up upon falling in love
- brave
- Fancican friar
- kind, civic-minded, smart
- expert in use of potions and herbs
Friar Lawrence
dominant theme
violent, overpowering force
more important than family, values, other emotions
exists in many metaphors
sign of love: double suicide

in connection with light/dark-metaphora
Romeo and Juliet are "starcross'd"

fate in nearly all circumstances:
ruining of Friar Lawrence's plan
timing of Romeo's suicide and Juliet's awaking
"Two households, both alike in dignity,
In fair Verona, where we lay our scene,
From ancient grudge break to new mutiny,
Where civil blood makes civil hands unclean.
From forth the fatal loins of these two foes
A pair of
star-cross'd lovers
take their life;
Whole misadventured piteous overthrows
Do with their death bury their parents' strife.
The fearful passage of their death-mark'd love,
And the continuance of their parents' rage,
Which, but their children's end, nought could remove,
Is now the two hours' traffic of our stage;
The which if you with patient ears attend,
What here shall miss, our toil shall strive to mend."
Act I:
Act II:
Montagues leave feast
Romeo stays in garden -> sees Juliet on balcony -> exchange words of love
Romeo asks Friar Lawrence to marry them secretly
Following day: marriage (Nurse helps)
Act III:
Montagues meet Tybalt, who wants to fight with Romeo -> refuses
Mercutio and Tybalt start duell -> Mercutio is stabbed -> Romeo kills Tybalt in rage
Romeo is being punished -> banished from Verona
Nurse tells Juliet about incident -> believes in her love
wedding night
escape into an imaginary world void of time
time span: 4-6 days >< eternal love
-> dynamic, strong love

time, love, devises = stationary, endless
people's lives = finite

time in connection with fate and love
Capulet wants Juliet to marry Paris in 3 days
Juliet does not want to -> asks Nurse for advice : "Forget Romeo and marry Paris."
Act IV:
Juliet hurries to Friar Lawrence -> begs for help
plan: drink potion -> appear to be dead -> inform Romeo -> flee together from parents
return home: wedding tomorrow -> drinks potion
"dead" Juliet found by Nurse and Capulet grieves
Juliet is entombed
Act V:
Romeo is informed: Juliet is dead
goes to grave -> Juliet dead -> drinks poisen
Juliet awakens -> wants to die
kisses him -> no poisen -> stabbs herself
Capulet and Montague end feud upon seeing dead children
Lady Capulet, Juliet and Nurse are talking about marriage
Juliet kills herself to stay with Romeo in heaven forever
Kiss at Juliet's balcony
Similarities Differences
unchanged plot
same language -> text is mostly adopted of the play
same sonnets at the beginning and in the end
characters and their characterization as well as their relationships are the same
same clothes as it is mentioned in the play
same setting and time
Act 1:
Rosaline is never seen in the play, just mentioned, in the play she is seen
Romeo dances in the movie, in the play he does not
Act 2:
Balcony Scene is shorted
Friar Lawrence's monologue is omitted
Act 3:
Fighting scene is changed
Juliet's monologue is gone
Act 4:
Kitchen scene, Juliet's second monologue, Friar Lawrence rushing the funeral, musicians scene are gone
Act 5:
apothecary scene in Scene 1, complete Scene 2 are gone
Paris isn't at the tomb -> Romeo doesn't kill him
no investigation by the prince
Lady Montague is still alive
in the last Scene Paris, Lady Montague are alive
timeless art
still on stage in theaters
many film versions
Radiohead cover for the song "Exit Music"
streets of Verona: fight between servants of Montague and Capulet ->Prince Escalus: further conflicts -> death for disturber
Romeo in love with Rosaline (one-sided)
Juliet shall consider marrying Paris -> feast in order to get to know each other
Romeo and friends attend feast to see Rosaline
Romeo sees Juliet -> love at first sight
Romeo and Juliet talk -> first kiss
Nurse tells them individually their family-background
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