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Women and Minorities on the Homefront
Transcript of Women and Minorities on the Homefront
African American soldiers were welcomed into certain branches of the armed forces and they were still segregated and discriminated against.
Asa Phillip Randolph was a leader in the African American civil rights movement March on Washington Movement, which convinced President Franklin D. Roosevelt to issue Executive Order 8802 in 1941, banning discrimination in the defense industries during World War II. Benefits / Personal costs in today $$ 1. U.S. $341 billion in 1945 =$3,582,143,803,399.78 in 2005.
2. Germany $272 billion in 1945 = $2,857,311,186,289.56 in 2005.
3. Soviet Union $192 billion in 1945 = $2,016,925,543,263.22 in 2005.
4. Britain $120 billion in 1945= $1,260,578,464,539.51 in 2005.
5. Italy $94 billion in 1945 =$987,453,130,555.95 in 2005.
6. Japan $56 billion in 1945 = $588,269,950,118.44 in 2005.
Total $1.075 trillion in 1945 = $11,292,682,078,166.46 in 2005. During the war there was a lot
of demand for certain supplies
so a lot of our companies here
in the U.S.A. were busy
hence everybody had jobs. The Bracero Program (named for the Spanish term bracero, "strong-arm") was a series of laws and diplomatic agreements, initiated by an August 1942 exchange of diplomatic notes between the United States and Mexico, for the importation of temporary contract laborers from Mexico to the United States. In the 1930s, during the Great Depression, more than 500,000 Mexican Americans were deported or pressured to leave, during the Mexican Repatriation. There were fewer Mexican Americans available when labor demand returned with World War II.