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Women and Minorities on the Homefront

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cristian vargas

on 8 February 2013

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Transcript of Women and Minorities on the Homefront

Women in Defense Plants As federal funds reached employees in the Great Plains via defense industry contract, women began to enter the workforce at a scale larger than ever before. Nationwide, between 1940 and 1945 the number of women in the workforce expanded by more than 50 percent from 11.9 to 18.6 million for 37 percent of all working women. Why it was weird It was weird because women were at home taking care of kids, or doing something else. Then women were called to take their place on the production line. The War Manpower Commission, a Federal Agency established to increase the manufacture of war materials, had the task of recruiting women into employment vital to the war effort. Rosie the Riveter Rosie the riveter is a cultural icon of the U.S that represents the American women who worked in factories during WWII.

African American soldiers were welcomed into certain branches of the armed forces and they were still segregated and discriminated against.

Asa Phillip Randolph was a leader in the African American civil rights movement March on Washington Movement, which convinced President Franklin D. Roosevelt to issue Executive Order 8802 in 1941, banning discrimination in the defense industries during World War II. Benefits / Personal costs in today $$ 1. U.S. $341 billion in 1945 =$3,582,143,803,399.78 in 2005.
2. Germany $272 billion in 1945 = $2,857,311,186,289.56 in 2005.
3. Soviet Union $192 billion in 1945 = $2,016,925,543,263.22 in 2005.
4. Britain $120 billion in 1945= $1,260,578,464,539.51 in 2005.
5. Italy $94 billion in 1945 =$987,453,130,555.95 in 2005.
6. Japan $56 billion in 1945 = $588,269,950,118.44 in 2005.
Total $1.075 trillion in 1945 = $11,292,682,078,166.46 in 2005. During the war there was a lot
of demand for certain supplies
so a lot of our companies here
in the U.S.A. were busy
hence everybody had jobs. The Bracero Program (named for the Spanish term bracero, "strong-arm") was a series of laws and diplomatic agreements, initiated by an August 1942 exchange of diplomatic notes between the United States and Mexico, for the importation of temporary contract laborers from Mexico to the United States. In the 1930s, during the Great Depression, more than 500,000 Mexican Americans were deported or pressured to leave, during the Mexican Repatriation. There were fewer Mexican Americans available when labor demand returned with World War II.
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