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Narrative Elements Review - The Outsiders

Prepping For The Test

Sarah Noyes

on 23 October 2015

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Transcript of Narrative Elements Review - The Outsiders

Narrative Elements Review
The Outsiders
The Exposition
Background Information

Element #3
Element #2

When does the story take place?
Where does the story take place?
Inciting Incident
The "BUT"
Man vs. Self
The Rising Action
The "SO" - Where Things Start to Get Messy
The events that set up the story and build to the climax.
The Turning point
The moment where the protagonist and the conflict are face to face.
Falling Action
There are usually many small ups and downs, but they always push the story and its characters towards the conflict.
The series of causally related events that propel a story forward, usually towards some artistic or emotional effect.

Often the most important/exciting part.
The Wrap Up
The "Fallout"
Ties up the loose ends.
And they lived happily ever after....or something.
What results from the conflict
Man vs. Man
Man vs. Society
Man vs. Nature
Does this story remind you of any others?
Man vs. Supernatural
Element #1:
Plot is an important narrative element because it contains all of the other elements within it. Think of plot as the river that all of the other elements live and move in.

While there are many different ways to construct a plot, most narratives follow a traditional plot structure that looks like...

Static (or flat) characters do not change. Their personality is consistent, and all of his/her actions stay true to that personality throughout the story.

Can you name 3 static characters from The Outsiders?

How do you know they are static?
Dynamic characters change in some way.Authors of gripping stories are able to provide colorful dynamic characters that develop and grow throughout the story.

Can you name 3 dynamic characters in The Outsiders?

What evidence of change can you provide?

How did their changes impact plot or theme?
Element #4
Man vs. Technology
Can you think of 5 examples of conflicts in The Outsiders?
This is typically the place where Element #5 (Theme) and Element #6 (Literary Devices) begin to really saturate the narrative.

What were some of the major events from the novel that pushed the characters toward the conflict?
Literary Techniques
Element #4:The Resurgence
The Conflict Comes Center Stage

Theme is a common thread or repeated idea within a story. Generally speaking themes show the author’s stance on complex topics like love, family, truth, morality, etc.

Literary Techniques are words or phrases within the text that authors use to increase the artistry of their story, and/or to help readers gain a greater understanding of the theme. Some literary techniques include: metaphor, simile, alliteration, hyperbole, allegory, etc.
A story can be narrated from several different points of view. Some of the most common include:
First person point of view uses the pronouns “I” and “we”.
“I felt like I was getting drowned with shame and disgrace.
Second person point of view uses the pronoun “you”.
“Sometimes you cannot clearly discern between anger and frustration.”
Third person point of view uses pronouns like “he”, “she”, “it”, “they” or a name.
“Mr. Stewart is a principled man. He acts by the book and never lets you deceive him easily.”

What theme from the novel do you think is the most important? How was that theme created? Why is it important?
What kinds of literary techniques did we see in the novel?
Did they improve our understanding of the text or its themes?
From what POV was The Outsiders told?
What is the climax of the novel?
Why is this part important?
What events occur as a result of the rumble?
How does the author's decision to end the novel where it began affect the way we experience the novel?
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