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Short Term Memory and Long Term Memory

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Madison Orndorff

on 10 October 2012

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Transcript of Short Term Memory and Long Term Memory

Short-Term Memory Short-Term Memory to Long-term Memory How it works: -The creation of memory begins with perception
-The registration of info during the perception occurs in the brief sensory stage (usually last only a fraction of a second)

-Sensory memory allows a perception such as a visual pattern, a sound, or a touch to linger for a brief moment after the stimulation is over.

- after initial "flicker", the sensation is then stored in the Short-Term Memory http://www.dailymotion.com/video/xgg0xy_memory-basics-where-is-short-term-memory-stored-in-the-brain_lifestyle -Important info gradually transfers from the short-term memory into the long-term memory.

-The more the information is repeated or used, the more likely it is to eventually end up in long-term memory
-That's why studying helps people to perform better on tests.

-long-term memory can store unlimited amounts of information, unlike sensory and short-term memory, which are limited How Short-Term memory can be lost: -Short-term memory loss can take the form of anterograde amnesia
-which is the inability to remember recent events while the memory of less recent events is unaffected.
-Anterograde amnesia is usually caused by trauma.

-Short-term memory is also affected by several diseases, including dementia and depression.

-Although normal aging is commonly believed to lead to short-term memory loss, aging alone does not usually cause short-term memory loss.

-Alcohol and street drug abuse can also impair short-term memory. If a person is impaired enough by alcohol or drug intake, short-term memory may shut down almost totally. Short-term memory- How to prevent Short-term Memory loss - relieving stress in anyway
-playing brain games
-maintaining a healthy diet
-exercising daily Example: A ten digit #, 2204856579 could be too much for short-term memory. But after dividing or separating the # into smaller pieces (like a telephone #) our short term memory will be able to hold onto the # long enough for us to dial the telephone.
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