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Michael Markulis

on 30 August 2016

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Transcript of 1920

The Roaring 20's: The Jazz Age
1920s Slang: What We Said!!!
What we Read: Books/Magazines
Top Sellers of 1920's

What We Listened To: Radio and Music
Pop Icons: Who We Knew!
What We Watched: Movies and Plays
Pollyanna (1920)
Fashions trends of the 1920s
an expletive
(ahh applesauce!)
Bank's Closed:
no kissing/making out
Bee's Knees:
an extraordinary person/place/idea
a convertible car
Cat's Meow:
something splendid or stylish; the best
Dead Soldier:
empty beer bottle
a woman's legs
Giggle Water:
Alcohol; also hooch, booze
Sex Appeal
a female
to vomit when one has drunk too much
woman w/sex appeal
man w/sex appeal
Hot Diggity Dog!:
an expression of happiness

The Sheik
: Novel about a sheik that abducts and falls in love with an English girl; controversial: strong-self sufficient woman subdued by a man who repeatedly rapes her; she falls in love with him

Black Oxen
: Gertrude Atherton's novel about female sexuality

: Emily Post's nonfiction manual about proper behavior

When We Were Very Young:
A.A. Milne's Children book of poems that introduced us to Christopher Robin and Winnie-the-Pooh in the poem "Teddy Bear"
Gentlemen Prefer Blondes:
Anita Loos' comic novel about a young blonde flapper who charms men into giving her expensive gifts
All Quiet on the Western Front:
novel by German writer Erich Maria Remarque that fictionalizes his experiences during WWI

Radio dominates the 1920s
-3 million people owned radios by 1923

First Radio Broadcast
: (KDKA Pittsburgh, PA)--boxing match between Johnny Ray and Johnny Dundee airs in 1921

First World Series
(1921): New York Yankees v. New York Giants--WJZ in Newark, New Jersey

First Full Length Play
(1922): The Wolf, a two and a half hour play

First Football Game
(1922): Princeton (4-0-0) vs. Univ. of chicago (3-0-0); Princeton wins 21-18 due to a better kicking game!!!

First Presidential Political Convention Broadcast
(1924): Republican Calvin Coolidge and Democrat John W. Davis
The Early Radio
WSM National Barn Dance
National Barn Dance
--early American Country Music Program from Chicago, Illinois,
Channel was clear to most of Midwest America and Canada, = big audience!
Renamed the
Grand Ole Opry
in 1927
Other broadcasts and Radio Programs of the 1920s
Sam 'N' Henry
: (1926-1927)-primarily a dramatic serial with occasional comic elements, it is often considered the first situational comedy.
The creators revamped the series on a more ambitious scale and created the radio show
Amos 'N' Andy
in 1928

The 1927 Rose Bowl Game
: Alabama v. Stanford; the game ended in a 7-7 tie
Charles Atlas
: Dubbed "America's Most Perfectly Developed Man" in a body building contest in 1922

Al Capone
: Nicknamed "Scarface Al", became a wealthy and powerful bootlegger in Chicago. He was the most notorious criminal of the decade.

Coco (Gabrielle) Chanel
: French fashion designer who provided an example of a successful, business-savvy woman. Her designs continue to be fashionable, and Chanel Number Five has been in production since 1921.
Clarence Darrow
: a powerful and eloquent defense attorney who represented John T. Scopes in the Scopes "Monkey" Trial of 1925.
Jack Dempsey
: Heavyweight boxing champion who symbolized the 1920s pursuit of success by winning the first million dollar boxing prize.
Harry Houdini
: Magician well known in the 1920s for his tricks and crusade against the "occult". Completed his most dangerous trick in 1926--escaping from a submerged coffin. Dies later that year from appendicitis.

Charles Lindbergh
: Aviator who captivated the world with his solo flight across the Atlantic. He flew his Spirit of St. Louis monoplane 33.5 hours from N.Y. to Paris in 1927.
Maud Wood Park
: First President of Women League Voters
Babe Ruth
: Home run hitter for the Yankees who thrilled crowds and made baseball tremendously profitable. "The House that Ruth Built" was name given to Yankee Stadium
David C. Stephenson
: Ku Klux Klan leader convicted of second-degree murder in the 1920s. KKK membership in the 20s reached 4.5 million with several elected officials.

Billy Sunday
: most well known evangelist in the country. Pushed for a "Totally Dry America".

Walter Winchell
: most well known "gossip" columnist of the 1920s.
The Mark of Zorro (1920)
The Three Musketeers (1921)
The Ten Commandments (1923)

The Pilgrim (1923)

The Phantom of the Opera (1925)
Steamboat Willie (1929)
Black Culture in the 1920s

The Harlem Renaissance
was considered the first important movement of black writers and artists that took root in Harlem, New York.

Black writers published more than ever before, and many artists, writers, poets, actors, and musicians received their first critical appraisal.

This group included
Zora Neale Hurston
W.E.B. DuBois
Langston Hughes
Jean Toomer
, and
Alain Locke
, who was considered the chief interpreter for the Harlem movement.

Some Facts about the decade...
106,521,537 people in the United States

2,132,000 unemployed, Unemployment 5.2%

Life expectancy: Male 53.6, Female 54.6

343.000 in military (down from 1,172,601 in 1919)

Average annual earnings- $1236; Teacher's salary- $970
Dow Jones High 100; Low 67
Illiteracy rate reached a new low of 6% of the population.
Gangland crime included murder, swindles, racketeering

It took 13 days to reach California from New York. There were 387,000 miles of paved road.
Books That Define the Time

The Waste Land
by T.S. Eliot | The ultimate indictment of the modern world's loss of personal, moral, and spiritual values.

The New Negro
by Alain Locke | A hopeful look at the negro in America

The Great Gatsby
by F. Scott Fitzgerald | The American dream that anyone can achieve anything

Strange Interlude
by Eugene O'Neill | A look at 30 years in the life of a modern woman

The Sun Also Rises
by Ernest Hemingway | The lost generation of expatriates

by Sinclair Lewis | A satirical look at small town life

The Sound and the Fury
by William Faulkner | Details the moral decay of the Old South

Their Eyes Were Watching God
by Zora Neale Hurston | Black life in a Black community
Top Movies of the 1920s
Some Fads of the Decade
Games included
ouija boards
, and
crossword puzzles
Endurance races of all sorts gained popularity and included
flagpole sitting
Dance marathons
- began in 1923 and really became the rage.
Harry Houdini
was the great escape of the 1920s.
American Baseball! and other sports were very popular.
Miss America contest
began in Atlantic City in 1921.
Margaret Gorman
(16 years old) was the first winner with measurements of 30-25-32
Dance crazes included the
, the

, and the
: Ancient Chinese Game
Ouija Board
Crossword puzzles
1st Miss America Contest
Margaret Gorman
Had only eight contestants!
Dance crazes of the 1920s
The Charleston
The Shimmy
The Black Bottom
Dance Marathons
Sports of the 1920s
Babe Ruth
: Traded to Yankees; hits 54 home runs
Ty Cobb
: sets major league record for career hits
: Big Bill Tilden and Helen Wills dominate the sport
First Winter Olympics held in 1924
: Knute Rockne and Red Grange steal the show!!!
The Harlem Globetrotters (1927)
Flappers-became the ideal for young women of the decade
— These Women were youthful, sheik and modern.
— They partied, drank, smoked and danced to “wild jazz” music.
¢ Cut off their long hair and sported a new cheek length cut called the bob, and wore bright red lipstick.
— They rejected the stable, careful life of wife and mother.
— They shed their bra, corset and restrictive undergarments for
a freer feeling.
— They did not want to be the equal of man, they wanted to
attract him.
— They were criticized by many women who saw them as cheap and immoral. They had the gall to kiss in public.

¢ These were worn on college campuses by men. They would sport these coats and strum their ukulele. These coats were full length and reached
the ground.
Odds and Ends
¢ Penicillin-1928-infection fighter
¢ The Prom-1st held in the 1920s
¢ The Red Scare
¢ Standardized Testing-1926 SAT Test
Cocktail Hour was a hit
¢ First Fast food restaurant-1921-WHITE CASTLE
¢ Wonder Bread
¢ Velveeta Cheese
¢ 7 UP (Bib-Label Lithiated Lemon-Lime Soda)
¢ Wheaties (the accidental breakfast!!!)

Flagpole Sitting
Dance Marathons
Live Goldfish Swallowing
Nosferatu (1922)
Top Music of the 1920s
Alaine Locke
W.E.B. Dubois
Zora Neale Hurston
Langston Hughes
Paul Robeson
Jean Toomer
Mary Pickford
"America's Sweetheart"
Douglas Fairbanks
Max Schreck "Count Orlok"
AKA Count Dracula
Lon Chaney, Sr.
The Man of a Thousand Faces
Charlie Chaplin
Johnny Depp...a little bit
, a little bit
, from Benny and Joon (1993)
Harold Lloyd
Buster Keaton
Full transcript