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Future Forms

Future Simple, Be Going To, Present Simple, Present Continuous, May/Might
by

Marice Gomes

on 3 March 2016

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Transcript of Future Forms

FUTURE FORMS
FUTURE SIMPLE
2.Prediction based on experience or intuition
E.g.: Cities will be more crowded in the future.
3.To express uncertainty about the future.
Common adverbs: probably – possibly –perhaps
E.g.: He will probably ask you about the test.
To express beliefs, convictions, hope, expectations, knowledge and opinions about the future
Common verbs: think – know – believe – suppose – expect – hope to
E.g.: I don’t suppose she will consider the idea.
1.Spontaneous decision

E.g.: On Sunday? Let me see… I will go to the club.
BE GOING TO
1.Intention/plans for future actions which have been confirmed
E.g.: On Sunday? I’m going to the club for a swimming competition.
I’m going to pass my exams next month.
2.Prediction based on observing the present situation
E.g.: It is going to rain, by the look.
3.To express subjective certainty on the part of the speaker (sth which will obviously happen)
E.g.: This boat is going to sink.
PRESENT SIMPLE
Future use – official/fixed arrangement that we can't change,
sometimes also called future facts.
(travel plans, time tables, departures, arrivals)
E.g.: The test next Saturday starts at 7:30 am.
DO NOT CONFUSE present meaning
(habitual actions/ permanent situations)
with future meaning.
E.g.:
They go to school every weekday.= habitual action
They go to school next Saturday.= future meaning
PRESENT CONTINUOUS
Future use - Personal arrangement
To indicate definite and fixed future arrangements that have been confirmed,
actions planned in the NEAR FUTURE
.
E.g.: I’m taking the 11 o’clock train to Berlin. I bought the tickets last month.
DO NOT CONFUSE intention

( to be + going to + verb)
and arrangement

(to be + gerund).
E.g.:
I’m going to stay in London. = intention
I’m staying in London next weekend = arrangement
DO NOT CONFUSE present meaning
(sth happening at the moment)
with future meaning
(arrangement for near future).
E.g.: I’m talking to you now.= present meaning
I’m talking to my parents tonight.= near future meaning
MAY/MIGHT
Remember: MIGHT is more formal than MAY, however, it’s less probable than MAY.
Uncertain prediction( very reduced probability)
E.g.: Samantha needs a lot of money, so she might travel abroad.
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