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(Basque,Catalonia) What lies at the root of the conflict? Spain returned to Democracy in 1975 and realized that the dictatorship that was previously in charge, left a few issues unresolved. One of the biggest issues dealt with the Basque Country. Basque separatists,that formed a group known as the ETA, launched their violent campaign for independence from Spain in 1958. Conflict Continued ETA stands for Euskadi Ta Askatasuna,
which translates into Basque Homeland
and Freedom. The ETA group has been
striving for self-government since it was
created. What form does this conflict take? This conflict takes form through open violence.
The ETA started off with rather small crimes such as robberies, bombs, and sabotage that only caused damage to property. The ETA ended up causing a death in 1968. This was extremely important because the attack killed Admiral Luis Blanco, who was a former president for the Spanish government. The ETA was even reported making bomb attacks as recent as 2006. How long has there been tension or conflict? The violence of the Basque nationalist group ETA (Euskadi Ta Askatasuna AKA Basque Land and Freedom), increased after the death of Franco. It was formed in 1958 by a group of students. The group did not turn to violence until 1968, becoming notorious in 1973 by killing Admiral Luis Carrero Blanco, General Franco's righthand man. In what ways has there been tension or conflict? Inspired by the popularity of ETA, violence spread
from the Basque Provinces to other regions. The Movement for Self-Determination and Independence of the Canary Island, Free Land of Catalonia, and Guerrillan Army of the Free People in Galicia carried out dozens of terrorist actions, although they never accomplished the professionalism of ETA. They never spoke directly on the terrorist acts. What is the spatial extent of the conflict? Basque country share a language, a history, and a culture of their own. Euskai, Herria, or Pais Vaseo, which are local and spanish terms for Basque people. The spatial extent goes as far as the Coast of the Bay of Biscay, and the Northern and Southern Slopes of the Western Pyrenees, which separate Spain and France. How many people have been affected? In what ways? During the last European elections on June 12th, 1994, there was a dramatic shift in thingss. Herri Batsuna (Popular Front) lost one third of the votes taken in 1989 and they lost their seat in the European Parliament. The Basque Parliament, Basque Government, and even their police force cause the ETA to become outdated. People Affected Continued... The sentence against police chief Jose Amedo and Inspector Michel Dominquez that caused them a 108 year jail sentence, implicated the Spanish government in the assassination of more than 20 Basque refugees. The continuation of terrorism and violence of the ETA led to not knowing when violent acts would occur. Shortly after the European elections, a young girl was killed on Basque Provinces by a bomb placed in a briefcase left on the ground. Sources used:Cultural Survival
Searching For Peace in Europe and Eurasia sf Thanks for watching guys!