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Romania Presentation

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by

Cristiana Nicu

on 16 July 2013

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Transcript of Romania Presentation

Romania is the largest country in Southeastern Europe. It is roughly the same size as the United Kingdom and slightly smaller than the U.S. state of Oregon.

The Romanian language is currently spoken by over 25-million people is 1,700 years old.

According to the World Records Academy, The Palace of Parliament, located in Bucharest, is the world's largest and most expensive civil administration building in the world. It also ranks as the biggest office building in Europe (3.9 million square feet) and second-largest in the world, after the U.S. Pentagon. More than a million tons of marble, steel, crystal and wood have been used to build this palace!

More than
one third of the total EU budget, 347bn
,
goes to
Structural and Cohesion Funds
.

Overall, the policy aims to strengthen economic and social cohesion in the European Union by reducing the differences in development between regions. The majority of that spending is allocated to three funds:
the European Regional Development Fund (ERDF), the European Social Fund (ESF) and the Cohesion fund.
What do you actually know about Romania?
When actually...
Others say....
”...each member state could spend it in the most efficient manner allocating financial resources from the Structural Funds” (Boot et al., 2001)
but...
„The absorption capacity is not a parameter but a variable. This is considerably different in different member states and, for this, individual solutions are requires” (Theurer, 2011).

The real Dracula (Vlad Draculea) nicknamed Vlad Tepes
(Vlad the Impaler) was a Romanian prince and military leader who fought
the Turks in the Middle Ages.

Count Dracula - the Vampire - was created by an Irish writer, Bram Stoker in 1897.
Once the allocation methodology has been introduced, it came with the concept of
''Absorption Capacity"
, which restricts the transfer of EU funds to
maximum 4 percent of the country’s GDP


The main purpose of this cohesion policy (implicitly the structural funds implementation) lies in the upgrading of the economy of regions and EU countries that were left behind in their preparation in order to enter the competition in the single market and in the Euro Area



Analyzing the responses given by the 54 potential beneficiaries, one can easily notice several facts.
First,
that

the majority of the respondents are not familiar with the fund accessing
, when it comes to details.
Even though, some of them have heard about it from different sources (on-line media being preferred as proven),

they cannot relate to this matter more than on a general basis which proves that the Hypothesis 1 that was first formulated is being valid.
It can be noticed that both groups seem to have encountered most obstacles with the
complicated procedures.
Being given the answers, we can also notice that the majority of the respondents concluded that
they will apply again in the following period for several other projects, which proves that the
Hypothesis 2 is valid.
The above analysis on both surveys had the purpose to underline the actual situation and the main obstacles encountered by potential and actual beneficiaries in Romania.

Some major aspects can be noticed regarding the degree of awareness amongst potential beneficiaries and their desire in accessing future funds; a lot of the obstacles represent a problem for both study groups and therefore I believe that this research can represent the basis for a better implementation if favorable measures are being taken into consideration and applied.
ok so...
... small
What's next?
Romania joined NATO on 29 March 2004, and the European Union on 1 January 2007. It is also a member of the: Latin Union, Francophonie,OSCE, WTO, BSEC, United Nations, etc. Today, Romania is a unitary semi-presidential republic, in which the executive branch consists of the President and the Government
România is a country located at the intersection of Central and South-eastern Europe, bordering on the Black Sea. Romania shares a border with Hungary and Serbia to the west, Ukraine and Moldova to the northeast and east, and Bulgaria to the south. At 238,400 square kilometers (92,000 sq mi), Romania is the ninth largest country of the European Union by area, and has the seventh largest population of the European Union with more than 19 million people.[2] Its capital and largest city is Bucharest, the tenth largest city in the EU. With a surface area of 238,391 square kilometres (92,043 sq mi), Romania is the largest country in south eastern Europe and the twelfth-largest in Europe
Cultural Diversity and Marketing Policy
Romania features the youngest continental land (Danube Delta) in Europe.The mighty Danube River flows 1,788 miles from its springs in Germany’s Black Forest to the Black Sea. Just before reaching the sea it forms the second largest and best preserved of Europe's deltas. The Danube Delta is a wildlife enthusiast’s (especially a bird watcher’s) paradise
(UNESCO HERITAGE)
From a touristic point of view
But Romania is way more than that...
Structural Funds
Background
Data
The analysis is addressing to
two different categories
:
potential beneficiaries
(students, young entrepreneurs, consultants) and
actual beneficiaries
of SF.

In order to have a better understanding of the process, I created 2 hypotheses:

Hypothesis
1.The degree of awareness regarding the structural Funds is rather high, but when talking about details like implementing and financing requests, the potential beneficiaries do not know a lot about it.
2.The actual beneficiaries will continue to access funds, even though they encountered several obstacles in the process of accessing SF.
Methodology
In order to test the validity of the hypothesis I formulated, I created to
2 surveys for each group
I am addressing to (potential and actual beneficiaries), with
10 questions each
.

First survey is addressing to the
potential beneficiaries.
The sample included
54 respondents,
in a determined period of time (
1 week
). The potential beneficiaries were chose from different working fields such as: students, teachers, entrepreneurs and consultants.

The second survey, is addressing to the
actual beneficiaries
and the sample included
26 respondents
, in a determined period of time (
4 days
) which come from various domains of activity.
II.
Second Survey
-Questionnaire for evaluating the perceptions regarding the absorption process and the sustainability of Structural Funds financed by
THE BENEFFICIARIES
(Appendix II)
Surveys' Results
Therefore I propose some suggestions to increase the awareness of potential beneficiaries
Reduce the administrative barriers
•Increasing knowledge and understanding.
•A complete project structure
•Co-financing
I.
II. Results Survey for beneficiaries
Sugestions
• Proper Examination of the documents by qualified personnel
•Co-financing
•Transparency
•Well written projects
•Reducing the beurocratic barriers
•Last but not least, having a good plan
Instead of concluding...
The paper refers to the absorption of European Union funds as a sensitive issue for the current stage of development of Romania, since it is an important process for the real convergence that Romania must meet in relation to European Union, recovering the gaps from other Member States.

The paper also presents the absorption capacity of ROP since it had the best results regarding the absorption capacity in 2012. The Regional Operational Program have been chosen form all the Ops because it can represent a model of efficiency for the rest of the others operational programs.

Romania is confronting with the same obstacles which it was after the accession to EU; nevertheless, some areas have improved, but overall, less than 40% of staff have experience working with funds structural funds because they did not receive the appropriate technical assistance on monitoring programs financed from European funds, it is therefore crucial to ensure professional training preparation and reduce the beurocratic barriers.

Finally, the present paper represents a ‘guide’ through the actual situation of structural funds in Romania, analyzing the possibilities of improvement in order to attract further financing from EU and creating the basis of better alignment with the rest of the member states.
Concluding...
presentation
You Probably heard of this...
Here's some Key Facts
You might not have known or associated this with Romania
Romania joined NATO in 2004, and the European Union on 1 January 2007.

Today, Romania is a unitary semi-presidential republic, in which the executive branch consists of the President and the Government
You probably heard of this.....
From 1947 to 1989, Communists ruled Romania

In 1989, people who wanted freedom forced the Communists out. In 1990, Romania held free elections. A new government was chosen, headed by a president.
Full transcript