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AGH Unit 1 Lesson 2: Forms of Government

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Stacie Cleary

on 17 February 2015

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Transcript of AGH Unit 1 Lesson 2: Forms of Government

Forms of Government Based on the
Relationship Between the Legislative and Executive Branches
There are 2 basic forms of government that are classified by how the executive and legislative branches interact:
Lesson Objectives

SWBAT:
Identify and describe 3 forms of government. Explain how power is distributed in a federal government and how this differs from a confederate government?
Forms of Government Based on
How Power is Distributed
In every system of government the power to govern is located in one or more places geographically.
There are 3 basic forms of geographic power distribution:
Unit 1 Lesson 2

Forms of Government
Text pg.12-18
Directions: Create 3 column notes. Use the following headings for each column:
Forms of government based on
Who can Participate
Forms of government based on the
Relationship between the Legislative and Executive Branches
Forms of government based on
How Power is Distributed
Forms of Government Based on
Who Can Participate
There are 2 basics forms of government that are classified based on the number of persons that can take part in the governing process:
1.
Democracy
2.
Dictatorship
Democracy - A form of government in which supreme authority rests with the people.
Dictatorship - A form of government in which the leader has absolute power and authority.
Types of Democracies
Types of Dictatorships
There are 2 types of dictatorships:
1.
Autocracy
(Awe-Taw-Kra-See)
2.
Oligarchy
(All-Uh-Gar-Key)
Autocracy - a government in which a single person holds unlimited power.
Oligarchy - a government in which the power to rule is held by a small, usually self-appointed elite.
Check Point
Analyzing Political Cartoons:
a) What form of government does the king represent?
b) What is the king implying (hinting at) when he says that he doesn't get to vote either?
c) Is this a misleading statement? Why or why not?
"A government of the people, by the people, for the people."
-Abraham Lincoln
Gettysburg Address (1863)
Wait a Second!? Someone told me that we are not a democracy we are a REPUBLIC
People use the words DEMOCRACY, REPUBLIC, REPRESENTATIVE FORM OF GOVERNMENT interchangeably - but they are not the same thing.
People that call the U.S. a republic believe that the sovereign power is held only by those eligible to vote (really more like a direct democracy).
Whereas in a democracy the people, regardless of voting ability, hold the power.
Characteristics of Dictatorships
All dictatorships are
authoritarian
- those in power hold absolute and unchallengeable power.
Modern dictatorships have tended to be
totalitarian
- ruler exercises complete power over nearly every aspect of human affairs.
Examples: Nazi Germany, Soviet Union
Typically, dictatorial regimes are militaristic in nature - use military to help gain power by force.
1. Unitary Government
3. Confederate Government
2. Federal Government
Unitary Forms of Government
Unitary Government
-
a central (national) government agency holds all of the power.
The central agency (national government) creates local units of government, but they have only those powers the central agency chooses to give it.
Example: Great Britain's Parliament
Federal Governments
Federal Government

- one in which the powers of government are divided between the central (national) and local (state) governments.
Both levels of government act directly on the people through their own sets of laws.
Example: The United States
Quick Fact: The phrase "the Federal Government" is often used to identify the National Government in Washington, D.C.!
Confederate Governments
Confederate Governments
- an alliance of independent states where the central government (national) only has those powers given to it by the states.
States cooperate in matters of common concern.
Each state in a confederate government retains it sovereignty and separate identity.
Example: The United States after the American Revolution.
Check Point
Can you define and give an example of Unitary Government?
1. Presidential
2. Parliamentary

Presidential Government
A
presidential government
features a separation of powers between the executive (president) and legislative branches.
The president is elected separately from the legislative branch.
He/She holds office for a fixed period of time.
The separation of powers in a presidential system are almost always spelled out in a constitution.
Parliamentary Governments
Parliamentary Governments
are those in which the executive branch is made up of a prime minister/premier and his/her cabinet.
People do not vote for the prime minister, instead they vote for members of the legislature.
The majority party picks the prime minister and then he/she picks the cabinet.
The executive branch is only in power as long as their political party is in the majority.
Check Point
How is the executive branch related to the legislative branch in a parliamentary system of government?
Chapter 1 Lesson 2 Assessment
Directions: Answer each question on a separate sheet of paper. When you are finished we will Trade-N-Grade.
1. A form of government where powers are divided between the central and local governments.
2. A form of government in which the legislative and executive branches are independent and coequal.
3. This is a form of government where there is an alliance of independent states.
4. In which form of government does the executive branch consist of a prime minister and a cabinet?
5. This is a form of government in which a small, elite group holds all of the power.
Full transcript