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SPARTA TO THE BATTLE OF LEUCTRA, 371BC

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Daniel Beach

on 13 September 2013

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Transcript of SPARTA TO THE BATTLE OF LEUCTRA, 371BC

SPARTA TO THE BATTLE OF LEUCTRA, 371BC - GEOGRAPHY

Requirements
Syllabus says - Principal Focus: The investigation of key features of Spartan society to the Battle of Leuctra 371 BC, through a range of archaeological and written sources and relevant historiographical issues.
Back to that question
Past exam style: (2008) Name TWO natural resources of Sparta. (2 marks)
Exemplar
More complex
4. How do you think Sparta's geographical location provided it with strategic and economic benefits?
The geographical setting, natural features and resources of ancient Sparta
Significant Sites: Sparta
The Spartan Polis
- Polis (Plural Poleis) is the Greek word for City. When studying Sparta weuse it when referring to the Spartan 'City State.'
How to answer
Break down the question

4. How do you think Sparta's geographical location provided it with strategic and economic benefits?
Conclusion
Organisation, Preparation and Practice.
HSC Expectations
Ancient Societies is a short answer section in your HSC exam and anything can be assessed.

Organisation
Keep your work/notes/assessments organised to reduce stress and increase study efficiency.
Sparta
Where is Sparta
What Geographical Features ?
Surrounded by mountains – natural barrier for defence. No city wall until 2nd C. BC. Mt. Taygetus to the west (2,407m), Mt. Parnon to the east (1839m), Arcadian mountains to the north.
Mountains provided plentiful water after melting of winter snows on surrounding mountains.
Rich alluvial flood plain, very fertile.
Harsh winters, long hot summers
What resources ?
Limestone and marble from mountains.
Wood from forests.
Crops: barley most common grain. Olives, orchards, grapes – five wine growing districts.
Sheep and goats – cheese from goat’s milk. Wool from sheep.
Bees – honey.
Pigs for meat.
Leather from hides.
Hunted wild animals, eg boars.
Bred horses.
Fish and seafood from port at Gytheon
Murex mollusc – purple-red murex dye – to colour their soldiers’ cloaks.
The physical layout of the site of Sparta.
Next to Eurotas River
Dorians lived in scattered settlements
Four villages: Limnai, Pitana, Kynosoura, Mesoa. Joined together in 9th C. BC. Joined with Amyklai (5 km away) c.750 BC.
Polis included the city and surrounding countryside.
A spread out city, with no city walls.
A number of small hills. One became the acropolis. It was not fortified.
Sparta was protected by surrounding mountains.
The main features of the site.
Temples and shrines built in and near the town: Temple of Athena Chalkioikos on the acropolis (see p.129); Shrine of Apollo at Amyklai (see p.134); Sanctuary of Artemis Orthia (see p.136)
Agora (market place).
Much of the ancient site is under the modern town.
The few remaining monuments date from Roman times. They have been changed over time.
Thucydides: an insignificant site (see above)
Pausanias described many fine temples and monuments.
Source Opinion
“Suppose, for example, that the city of Sparta were to become deserted and that only the temples and foundations of buildings remained, i think that future generations would, as time passed, find it very difficult to believe that the place had really been as powerful as it was represented to be... Since, however, the city is not regularly planned and contains no temples or monuments of great magnificence, but is simply a collection of villages, in the ancient Hellenic way, its appearance would not come up to expectation. If, on the other hand, the same thing were to happen to Athens, one would conjecture from what met the eye that the city had been twice as powerful as in fact it is.”
Thucydides 1.10
Good
Bad
Pro
Con
Caution!
Even though it says 'you' don't say I.
Con
Pro
Con
Organisation
Organise your information and create easier to manage study notes in preparation for exams or assessments.

Utilise tables, diagrams, sources to organise information in a more effective way for your brain. If you try to have your HSC as just memorising paragraphs you will find yourself much more stressed and less willing to study.
Preparation
Regularly revise work outside of assessment or exam period.


Frequent bursts over long term will always be more effective than hours cramming.
Practice
Practice and Check to brush up your skills continuously.

Ultimately HSC success is about the progressive effort.
Based on Jim Harvey's speech structures
Past exam style: (2008) Name TWO natural resources of Sparta. (2 marks)
Greece
The Peleponnese
Laconia
The Spartan City State
The Geographical Setting
Social structure and political organisation
The economy
Religion, death and burial
Cultural life
Everyday life

Full transcript