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U.S. Fronters of Engineering

September 18-20, 2008
by

Alex Soojung-Kim Pang

on 17 April 2009

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Transcript of U.S. Fronters of Engineering

application of SE methodologies to systems outside the
defense environment so they can deliver projects
on time, on budget, and to specification development of 'system of systems'
engineering methodology realistic technology to convert sustainable feedstocks
and/or non-conventional feedstocks to fuel/energy Energy/sustainability contribute development of materials that enable
practical solar-to-liquid-fuels technology implementation on membrane-based biofilm reactors
using hydrogen as electron donor practical approach to microbial fuel cells new high-capacity, cost-effective
energy storage solution improve the utilization of fuel energy by 50%
in the transportation and off-raod applications sustainable, clean and reliable mechanism
for waste --> energy waste management provide sustainbly, high energy storage media
(fuel or otherwise) for transportation sectors understanding of how 'stage two' of the
brain structures sensorimotor information;
to build the circuitry in a (parallel) computer make database systems self-managing figure out how to use signal processing to
extend Moore's law into deep sub mciron
process technologies Biologically inspired computing architectures Precise nanoscale materials using fluid flow and chemistry at interfaces
to tune nanoparticle formation rational, general assembly of
nanoparticles into ordered systems Sensing/small scale measuring voltage signals from local
groups of connected neurons in real time the ability to characterize submicron objects in situ
(dymanic objects; on an individual particle basis find good behavioral models for
deep sub micron electrical devices Applications of tools to solve the “right” problem meaningful application of high performance computing
to the nation's cyber-security problem Design, analysis, and implementation of LARGE Scale systems (human and above, >1m) analysis/optimization tools for reliable,
efficient emerging energy systems enable worldwide, low-cost vaccination
for disease prevention and eradication shift the traditional centralized electric power structure infrastructure to a distributed one, to allow environmentally friendly and cost-effective resources to be interconnected differential equation-based multiscale modeling of human
information flow with complex systems and distributed experts make drug delivery systes advance to a level where they form
a seamless interface with humans for addressing global health integrate advanced data analysis in the areas of
raw material, process data, and product quality develop large scale complex statistical
models for plant optimization fast computation engines for large scale systems Design, analysis, and implementation of SMALL Scale systems (below human, <1m) advances in electronics (esp. nanoelectronics) to
match the gross statistics of scale found in biology to develop computational machines/electronics systems
that can mimic mammalian systemsin intelligence and efficiency a thorough understanding of the stability and
stabilization of biomolecules and vaccines real time sensors for biological and chemcial detection of a wide
range of chemical contaminanants (affordable, no false positives) improvements in drinkng water distribution system for water quality better understanding of cellular
basis for learning and memory light and portable radar electronics that could fit on UAV's that have large bandwidth comms develop approaches for (1) reducing biosolids generation in the
wastewater treatment process enhance the capacity for energy
generation from biosolids fine/coarse grain (adjustable) dynamics
of event sensitive system dynamcs incorporate process control techniques
to advanced data analysis techniques Mechanisms for managing multi-level systems. increase classification capabilities
with limited a priori knowledge improve efficiency of nutrient (N,P) removal by
bacteria in wastewater treatment genetic underpinnings of bacterial metabolism
governing nutrient uptke, cell yield Develop a multi-level first principle based model of transport
process in human body that have predictive capabilities a usable theory about how trust
propagates through a system Sociotechnical problems of how people operate in complex systems. bio research community exponentially enhances the yields of sustainable
feedstocks with more desirable properties (genetic engineering of crops) develop modern, next generation applied tools for determining seismic hazard in low to moderate seismicity areas for extreme events determine why major faulting occurs in otherwise
non-seismic areas and why old faults reactivate Methodologies contribute to a more balanced means
of providing energy for society make photonic integrated circuits that significanly reduce
power consumption, size and cost of communicatins improved materials, growth and fabrication for
photonic circuits that give better control and smaller
feature size. Control at the atomic level would be ideal high throughput nanoscale characterization/measurement
of materials/devices
example: high throughput near field optical microscope there is no single discovery: what is required is
integration of nanoelectronics/nanophotonics/MEMS Wireless connectivity
increasing capacity/reducing size of batteries
alternate sources of power such as power harvesting, solar power
(this would enable new use cases (improved performance) e.g. wireless
sensors for medical and other apps) develop a method for making single-walled carbon nanotubes
of specific type (preferrably armchair), tunable length, by a
scalable process develop predictive brain models that are reasonably accurate
for optimally controlling various neurological disorders advance the molecular and quantitative basis for explaining
neural responses and their relationship to intelligent behavior 10X reduction in cost to launch satelites to orbit 10X reduction in satellite transmission
costs through global bandwidth improvements making a quantum chip on silicon working at
room temperature some robust single photon counting
device at telecom wavelength systematic theory for the optimization of power flow in systems
that generate energy from vibration application of theory to real systems in areas of ocean wave energy
converters, energy scavenging systems, and other applications open software systems that enable anyone to
change the front end of any s/w system design the 'excel toolkit' for resource allocation problems
(easily configurable, tailorable software system) ways to improve renewable energy efficiency Energy/Environment high energy density propulsion that is both safe and
provides revolutionary levels of performance for launch and space applications improved understanding of physical/bio/chem/human
controlling pollutant concentrations in waters to inform
technologies and policies to protect water resources
and human & ecosystem health new methods for detectng low level targets (nucleic
acid, protein, small compounds)in complex matrices
(sediments, waters, sands, skin) integration of sample prep with small scale, protable, sensitive,
low cost, biosensor for field protable applications in remote monitoring small portable mass spectrometer
for portable applications ability to predict landslides
using basic physics improve efficiency of oil/gas extractors describe material behavior accurately@ the
macroscale, starting at the atomic scale robust, novel, efficient algorithm to model
fluid flow in porous media development of an economically viable small-scale
zero emissions power system that is broadly
adopted and offsets the electric grid
(provide the necessary federal subsidies/incentives) an appropriate, accessible, distributed energy
storage system for load leveling purposes Computer/info systems be able to understand people information needs to the
level of providing the right information at the time needed natural language understanding by computers efficient computing system that dynamically
optimizes performance and resources understand and control the complexity
of information networks a tool that greatly assists our ability to understand
and deal with very large complex networks help to expand optical transmission capacity by
10-100X by using coherent modulation and detection orders of magnitude improvement in speed and
power consumption in digital signal processing explanatory models of heterogeneous biological
networks with predictive power computer interfaces that are high bandwidth,
usable outdoors, fully networked and operable
for many hours on lightweight battery replace existing transfer protocol for WWW (HTTP) with a new protocol that is more efficient, secure, and capable of operating with asynchronous transports and bidirectional request processing efficient solvers that can
handle multimillion variables transformation of U.S. national security from a cold war culture to a postwar that better accomodates the future strategic environment re-architect or replan a major national system (military, intelligence or civil) to be both effective, more affordable, and
robust to changing conditions Society U.S. Frontiers of Engineering
Sept. 18-20, 2008
Albuquerque, NM 2008 U.S. Frontiers Breakout session: Thursday, September 18 2:00-3:30 p.m.



Instructions for Breakout Session Chairs

There are nine groups with eight groups meeting in rooms on the Student Union Building Upper Level, and one group meeting in Ballroom A on the Mall Level. A sheet with group assignments and a map of the SUB Upper Level will be passed out to people when they come back in to the theater from the morning break on Thursday.

As facilitator for the session, your job is to keep time, keep things moving, get ideas, and hear from everyone. As a facilitator you are “holding” the group in a process. When you are facilitating a process, you are essentially taking on the needs of the group, and you are "holding" them in the process. They want to feel competent, heard, effective, valuable, relevant and important. It's also important to keep your goals/objectives in mind, and pay attention to the group’s needs. You will always be balancing the needs the group as a whole, and your goals or desired outcomes. Make sure that people are physically present. If people are moving around a lot, not looking at one another when someone is talking, checking their cell phones/blackberries, or if there are a few dominant voices and side conversations, it's worth making an effort to bring people back together, and remind them that the process works best when everyone is participating. More specifically, I highly recommend sharing the following ground rules with the group.
One conversation at a time. Be willing to interrupt the group if there is a side conversation going on.
Be pithy. Ask people to get to the core of their comment or thought quickly, to leave more time for more ideas.
Stay in the room. ask people to let you know if they need to leave and keep track of where they are. Acknowledge and thank them if they need to leave.
Build on one another's ideas. Let the group know that you are looking to build ideas, rather than re-iterate/rehash them.

1. Introduction. Co-chair explains process and has group members briefly introduce (10 min.)
themselves.

Select a person to be the recorder to take notes (either on paper or electronically) to be submitted to Cesar Castro (IFTF) via staff at the registration table immediately after the session to use to create a map for the wrap-up session on Saturday morning. Notes should capture discussion during the process.


2. Jot down answers to Q1 and Q2. Give each person two post-it notes (will be (5 min.)
in rooms), one of each color. Ask people to write down one or two answers to Q1 and Q2 on different colored post-it notes. (Q1 on one color post-it, Q2 on the other.) People should write short, headline-like summaries, not abstracts but something closer to the titles of articles or research proposals. People should put their names on their notes, in case their #2 is someone else’s #1. Q1: What is the most important advance you hope to make in the next 10 years?

Q2: What is the most important discovery someone else could make for you?

People should not write down but be prepared to say:

Q3: What the impact of achieving the advance will be on society and on engineering research.

Q4: Type of collaborator needed to make this advance and why.

3. Talk about and cluster the ideas. Start by having one person put up on the (75 min.)
whiteboard the most important advance (Q1) and the discovery (Q2) that someone else could make for them. They should then describe the implications of that work (impact on society and impact on engineering research), and the skills/collaborators they'd need. After one person has spoken, facilitators should see if someone else has proposed to work on the problem the previous speaker wants solved; then ask if anyone has a similar implication statement; then similar skills. The objective here is to cluster together answers that have some similarity -- either research that covers the same intellectual ground, or have similar impacts on engineering. Wherever possible, you also want the discussion to follow a single thread, to have one idea build or arise out of another, rather than to simply gather disparate ideas. If someone does have an idea, implication, or skill that builds on something that's just discussed, then ask them to put up their answers. Repeat this until you've pulled the thread as far as you can.

Once you've done so, ask someone else to put up their most important advance, the discovery that someone else could make for them, and the implications of that work.

Do a process check when you have about 10 minutes left to talk about ideas. If it looks like people still have lots of ideas to share, speed things up, and have people very quickly share their thoughts, and keep things moving until everyone has had a chance to share their ideas.


4. When the breakout session is over. Gather materials -- post-it notes (clip them together as they have been grouped together on the whiteboard) and recorder’s notes -- and leave at the registration table. Please do this immediately after the session.


5. Saturday summary session. Cesar Castro will serve as facilitator. IFTF will create (45 min.)
a map in ZuiPrezi that synthesizes the nine breakout groups, and an annotation that provides a high-level overview of what they see. They may also draw some connections between the things that FOE participants identify and topics from other workshops they have conducted. The presentation itself should take about 15-20 minutes, and then he will ask for comments and observations from the participants. workshop instructions to integrate machne learning and systems to improve the ability of comupters to make predictions and inferences based on very large data sets create a theory for distributed parameter systems, and apply to arge scale applications
two are underway:
1) traffic flow reconstruction from smartphones
2) river flow reconstruction from mobile sensors true artifical intelligence system that
can learn/adapt the same as humans develop underlying equations for
physical phenomena using mobile sensing solve one of the 'grand challenges' of functional/active
materials science (R.t. superconductor, ultra high energy
product permanenet magnet, high ZT thermoelectric, hgh
efficiency PV materials introduce mat'l science concepts into the world/industry
of electrochemical coating, leading to a shift in paradigm Materials develop materials for high efficiency
thermoelectric solar applications come up with a way to collect large amounts of Si to purify
them and make enough solar cells for the entire earth deploy a new technology that provides metal coatings
with adaptive properties, dramatically improving the
surface qualities of components in mfg. and electronics inexpensive and simple atomic engineering technologies
with high precision for designer materials qualitative mathematical model that comprehensively
captures intracellular processing of gene delivery vectors from cell surface to DNA in the nucleus Medicine/Bio the neural circuit behavior model
that drives disease pathologies a polymeric nanoparticle that has a long circulation lifetime in the body and the appropriate release rate in the target area have a peptide-functionalized targeted
drug delivery system in the market design and construct a synthetic (non-viral) gene delivery vector that shows efficiency in animal studies and is being
translated into human clinical trials the mechanism of actuation for today's
DBS (deep brain stimulation) therapies design, build and implement closed-loop brain therapy for the treatment of epilepsy. This device will measure the key neural circuit biomarkers, analyze them and, with a suitable algorithm, titrate the therapy Energy/Power fully electric vehicles avilable on the road
that can meet the needs of the majority of commuters advanced battery technology that can store enough power and energy to meet the vehivle needs discovery of reliable, high energy and power density, cost effective battery technology; hydrogen storage materials material/method by which power/energy
can be extracted in an efficient manner
(must be green and safe) a new private sector apparatus for funding in the
engineering sciences, which would bridge the
growing gap between academic research and the venture funding community Computing/Sensing discovery of more effective models for cognition
or new classes of data. This would help machine learning research (which depends on availability of accurate models) Cognition a dynamic model of cognition that is capable
of predicting human performance a clear model of human contribution to risk -
integration of hardware risk and human reliability
(apply to make an mpact in safety) blur the lines between psychologies and engineering link insights from psychological literature to human performance, to predict human error true brain imaging that tells us not just where brain
activity is happening but how thoughts are transpiring Nuclear advancement in high energy density physics and dynamic material properties to allow, confident first principles
calculation of nuclear weapon performance development of a nclear weapon complex and stockpile sufficiently agile and assured to allow further, dramatic
reduction in the nuclear arsenal while retaining the security benefits of deterrence (enablement of a capability-based deterrent) ensure Moore's Law (for performance) continues.
Material science through programming. Caron-Driven Computing:
enable precise estimates of carbon footprints of
computing from manufacturing to use to recycling.
Capture estimates and use in Carbon Trading. Make computers smart enough so they can
become a beter companion of humans at least
for certain tasks (info search, analysis, sight) Distributed Intelligent Microsystems Deepen the understanding of how technology can promote safer and
more effective human behavior - extend capacity and focus effort How humans (or human brain)
deal with concurrency? make parallel programming more
accessiable to an average programmer Develop capacity to characterize and model multivariable
time-varying descriptions of human-technology interaction Critical Need in New Materials low cost and removable substrates (for
photovoltaic and solid state lighting) To design a nationwide high-speed rail system
for freight distribution (mainy thinking Maglev) significantly increase the protective
ability per wieght of armor develop a significantly stronger
plastic fiber or sheet Advances are needed to enable the efficient reconfiguration of Maglev trains fast simulation tools for highly multiscale,
multiphase flow/transport problems. application of semiconductor nanostructures for
energy applications (high efficiency solar cells, solid
state lighting, thermoelectric and TPV technologies) Goal: to provide the fundamental theory that makes communcation
from anywhere and at anytime possible to any person or device
(pervasive communications) Design algorithms and software to enable any type sensor/information source
with disparate types of data to be processed using state-of-the-art signal processing
statistical correlation estimation algortihms. The idea is to provide mapping between
any form of input data (numbers, colors, behavior, etc) and the form required for
input to the correlation algorithms. Leads to learning systems. extremely scaled energy source, ~ 10 micron in size develop distributed nanosensors to provide the raw data for input to the correlation processing extremely scaled autonomous microsystem (~10 micron in size)
with the functions of sensing, computing, communication and
adoption. One important application - therapeutic action in himan body. the development of flexible and/or
fluidic conducting materials To make ultra small, efficient reconfigurable RF antennas, for small-sized,
low power RF communications systems - approaching physical limits Smart Computers getting DSPs, batteries, antennas close to physical limits in
terms of computational power, battery lifetime and size Develop principles underlying reduction of
energy consumption in flow processes nano-patterning to 10 micron (or lower)
with low cost solution and controllable manner design an interface to all Mathworks products that is nearly transparent to
the end user, and scalable to any size and scope of engineering problem,
from data exploration to full scale system modeling and implementation Cost-effective technology for
digital offset/flexo printing Cost-effective, portable, resusable, no-power
imaging device that has usability features of
'paper' (reusable paper) miniature low-power (or passive)
EM-RF sources or detectors better understanding of cognitive data reliable, automated analysis tools/software
for high-speed ISI applications nuclear energy - develop better sensor technology
to improve maintenance and safe operation of NPPs develop remote senors for detection of biometric signals understand the water management issue design systems that maximize the
life of batteries in fuel cell stacks cost-effective carbon neutral
automotive propulsion systems cell surface marker unique to all cancer cells but not expressed
on non-cancerous cells - the higher the expression the better targeted contrast agent that allows for the detection of cancerous
lesions with 100% specificity at <1mm resolution (MR or optical) makie bio part of CS
neurological circuits:electrical currents Energy/Power BIOLOGY/MEDICINE ENGINEERING Energy/Power Materials SYSTEMS finer control of plant cell genetics to
allow tuning of cellular composition cost effecive processes for converting
renewable biomass to liquid fuels optimizing, predicting, and controlling complex microbial
comunity dynamics & equilibrium to enhance
environmental processes (for remediation, bioenergy,
and control of greenhouse gases) Energy/Environment real-time DNA sequencing detector interface
with separation (chromatography, electrophoresis) CO2 capture an efficient, scalable, and cost effective manner renewable, sustainable enrgy contribute to addressing the problems of clmate change
and energy security (how to capture CO2 and convert it into
fuels or their intermeidates) a fundamental change in the elementary school education process for STEM (students attend FOE and solve engineering problems posed) Systems/Design the development of tunable molecular
scaffolds for formulating vaccines hardware advances: better batteris, stronger
motors, more perceptive sensors the rational design principles for a synthetic prophylactic vaccine to HIV by reverse engineering from quantitative cellular profiles of immune responses in elite controllers development of novel and improved materials
and sensing systems for passive and active restaints manufacturable systems employing affordable best juntion
for the function/multifunction sensor technology enable a computer to automatically design an adaptive robot
that can outperform and aequivalent device built manually redcing incidence of brain and spinal cord injuries
in the automotive envirnment through novel
restraint technologies Computing/simulation the discovery of a computing architecture with significantly
higher computation efficiency than two stage boolean logic the discovery of a new switch with
significant lower energy operation than CMOS computationally efficient broad range true
multiscale modeling methodologies fast (femto second) high resolution (~um) sub-surface
species measurement capability for opaque materials improved computer simulation capabilities to enhance public
safety/operations and stakeholder understanding development of a user-friendly simulation modeling tool
that incorporates the fundamentals of multiple engineering
analyses (structura, mechanical, ped/traffic, smoke, etc) implement a novel approach to improve the consolidation, analysis and
visualization of process data and it's relationship to product quality transform pharamceutical manufacturing from batch
dominted processes to highly predicatble continuous systems engineering nanorobots for real-time
surveillance and treatment of diseases data mining as a new scientific methodology ability to inspect data at large scales better way to gather data better technical abilitites to facilitate
natural interactions with software DATA ANALYSIS/MANAGEMENT Power Storage/Batteries Energy Consumption Materials Sensors robotics/sensors for in home
health care, for aging in place gigabit bandwidth wireless transmitter with handheld
device that doesn't require excessive power energy conservation via sensors for smart bldgs e.g. to make HVAC respond to whether room is in use molecular level imaging thermodynamic control over self-assembly of nano-materials
(applications such as: drug delivery, ion-conducting membranes, nano-scale templating) need an improved large volume, R.T., high
density semi-conductor for detecting radiation to optimize the tehnical and financial aspects of
infrastructure projects by use of globalized resources molecular level, site specific imaging of soft materials
in a variety of mediums usig non-invasive technologies create high frequency market monitoring systems
through physical artifacts (e.g. detecting drug prevalence
from monitoring hair trimmings or sewer water) contribute to transparent 'safeguardability' of nuclear fuel
cycles, through instrumentation development and systems analysis cheap, safe, long-lasting
high density power source cheap manufacturing of high quality
wide-bandgap semiconductors large volume, high density room-temperature
semiconductor for gamma-ray spectroscopy low energy 'green electronics' to dramatically lower
the power consumption associated with today's electronics integrated sensors for 'smart'
energy efficient buildings
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