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Madeleine Student

on 30 September 2013

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Transcript of Botulism

How it is spread
Botulism can be spread in five different ways.
Wound Botulism
Wound botulism is caused by a wound being infected with "Clostridium botulinum".
Infant and Adult Intestinal Toxemia Botulism
Infant Botulism is caused by infants consuming the spores of the botulinm which is found in intestines and the spores release the toxin.
The most deadly
What it is and how it is spread
Foodborne botulism
Occurs when you ingest food with the toxin in it, especially canned foods.
They both occur the same way however one of them occurs in infants and the other in adults
Adult intestinal toxima is also known as adult intestinal colonization
Iatrogenic Botulism
Caused by an accidental overdose of the botulism toxin
This is called "Clostridium botulinum," which is the scientific name and is a bacterium.
They are all symptoms of muscle paralysis
Classic Symptoms
Double vision/ Blurred vision
Droopy Eyes
Slurred Speech
Difficulty swallowing and dry mouth
Muscle weakness
Infants Symptoms
They appear sleepy and lethargic
Feed poorly
Are constipated
Have a weak cry
Poor muscle tone
If botulism goes untreated these symptoms may progress into
Paralysis of the respiratory muscles
Foodborne Botulism
Food borne botulism symptoms usually start after eighteen to thirty-six hours after the consumption of a contaminated food. However they can occur as early six hours to as late as ten days.
Extra Facts
Clostridium Botulinum can be found in soil
Botulism is considered a medical emergency and a public health emergency
These bacilli grow best in low oxygenated environments
The bacteria form spores which allow them to survive in a dormant state until they are exposed to conditions that can support their growth
There are seven types of botulism known as “A” - “G,” however only “A”, “B”, “E” and “F” cause a disease in humans
In America about one hundred forty-five cases are reported each year.
Now videos
Summary Paragraph
Botulinum is not useful because consuming the spores may result in death and with just about a millionth of a miloliter of toxin you would be infected. However it can also be considered useful, it can with help diseases like Cerebral Palsy and Parkinsons, which affects millions of people every year. I believe there are more cons then pros when it comes to Botulinum being beneficial. It doesn't help with diseases that kill you and the toxins themselves are fatal. The tradeoffs between helping to manage diseases and it having the means to kill you make it more fatal than helpful.
Botulinum influences the world in many ways one obvious example is it kills people. Also it helps lots of people with hyperactive muscle deficiencies. It affects humans by, well, killing them, but also it hurts the families because they lost a loved one. "Clostridium botulinum" causes a great deal of grievance or "mental hurting". It also makes people happy by helping them cope with growing older and helping them control their muscles with botox.
"CDC - Botulism, General Information - NCZVED." Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. USA.gov, 11 Nov. 2010. Web. 27 Sept. 2013. <http://www.cdc.gov/nczved/divisions/dfbm
House, Mark. "Botulism - What is Botulism - 3D Medical Animation - YouTube." YouTube. N.p., n.d. Web. 29 Sept. 2013. <
efe, soner. "Deadliest Poison: Botulinum - YouTube." YouTube. N.p., n.d. Web. 29 Sept. 2013. <
(The "Clostridium botulinum" toxin)
[Botulism ("Clostridium botulinum")]
(The botulinum up close)
(The process of how it releases the toxin)
(A fourteen year old who has droopy eyes and is fully conscious)
(Hands after they touched the botulism toxin)
Full transcript