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This presentation explores the trumpet through the eras of music in the physical, musical and social evolution it experiences and provides.

Carlene Brown

on 12 April 2013

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The History of the Trumpet Bach knew the trumpet is loud. Had he wanted it soft, he would have written the part for recorder! Helmut Rilling's trumpeters The world of trumpet playing began early in history... Conch Shell Animal Horns Early History Conch shells and animal horns were blown through to produce noise
Used mostly for military and religious use--not specifically for music purposes Early Trumpet 10:53 Found in King Tut's tomb
Very limited range Middle Ages

Renaissance War Horn Hunting Horn War Horn Hunting Horn Europe was introduced to the early trumpet when they came in contact with the Eastern countries
Trumpets were then used for signals in war or hunting
They were also used for ceremonial purposes--weddings, the royal court How They Were Made Lost-Wax Casting Method Lost-wax casting: a long process where wax is used in a mold to create the outline for a metal to outline it A new method of trumpet making was formed and so trumpas started to take off
Made from hammered sheets of metal Tube: metal is wrapped around a pole and soldered Bell: Used a separate piece of curved metal and attached Pre-1400 Post 1400 The curves in the metal are added! Trumpas Curves: Melted lead was poured into horn and cooled The metal is hammered into curved shape then heated to remove the lead S-curve Oblong Loop Experimentation At first trumpets were made shorter with the s-curve
However after more trial and error circumstances, the popular, most convenient oblong loop was the standard make Baroque The trumpet could not play chromatically
Musical growth requires more complex instruments
This instrument was used in the early opera during the Baroque era Anton Joseph Hampel of Dresden Suggested placing the hand in the horn Michael Woggel and Johann Andreas Stein Designed this copy of the "trumpet" Barriers of the Trumpet More Trial and Error The slide trumpet was then created to help solve the lack of chromaticism
It was not a big hit as the control of the slide wasn't worth the effort
This was used in music for dance purposes, rather than as a military device In 1610 court composers began integrating trumpet parts into vocal compositions (mainly masses) Further Development Holes were added into the trumpet to give it more chromaticism, without the slide Bach wrote music that rose the standard of technical challenges which lead the trumpet out of it's limited use as a signaling device
His works allowed the trumpet to act as a symbol of power, the heralding of a message and illumination and celebration Handel Bach & Smiliar to Bach, Handel composed music to portray the trumpet's power through the limited harmonics it was able to play
Handel also increased technical standards of the time as he wrote music in high range and at a rapid pace 6:35 Classical Approaching Modern Style The Keyed Trumpet The keyed trumpet allowed players with maximum amounts of chromaticism Role in Music The trumpet was something that was said to sound close to the human voice
Its power resembled the voice and projected power
This created an uprising in music produced for high register trumpet, or clarino The key trumpet was created
It produced a warm, flugel-like sound
The keys however were hard to manage as they were awkwardly placed on the instrument Accredited to Anton Weidinger in 1792 Concertos of the Classical Period The "trumpet sound" which was high and loud was no longer ideal, and the trumpet was used in small douses (Orchestra created) With the keyed trumpet, no limitations to range, composers became excited with this new development and were inspired to write concertos
The two biggest classical concertos--The Haydn and Hummel Trumpet Concertos--were written for this instrument
They both show of both technical abilities and the virtuosity of the trumpet
Also, the Haydn concerto was the first time trumpet in music displayed a full range of chromatisim Romantic Role of the Trumpet Orchestras were developed during this period
Less trumpets required/wanted
Purely to add both volume, fanfare and contrast to strings
The trumpet was still fairly constrained to range--the key trumpet didn't take off
However, this period emphasized politeness, which required less of trumpet technical skills (less fast leaps, less obscurely high register)
Clarino writing was extinguished during this time Tchaikovsky: Swan Lake Suite No. 1 Brass isn't used to show off high register
It is used as a source of power and melody in this time
The role is shown as it now can obtain a melody and play melodic lines 500-1400 1600-1750 1730-1820 1815-1910 In 1818 valves got their first patent
Invented by Heinrich Stölzel
Gave the natural horn full chromaticism with 3 octaves of clear tone The Beginning of Valves In 1828 Blühmel manufactured the first conical rotary valve system
This instrument became very popular in Germany, Austria, Italy and the United States; it was the most popular trumpet Rotary Valves? In 1839 François Périnet created the Périnet valve--a piston valve
Much controversy and debated had stirred up in the trumpet world on which type of valve was fastest
The piston valve was remarkably the clearest and smoothest Piston Valves Role In Music
Its orchestral role changed; The trumpet dominated the brass section with its clear ringing tone
It could hold melodic lines with its advanced system
Military bands and popular music took right away to this instrument
Technique still was raised as music asked for trumpets to play more notes higher and faster
This lead to the common tuning of B flat or C Beethoven: Symphony No. 5 in C minor The trumpet's role in this excerpt is to solely present power, and volume
There are bars of rest after
This is a fanfare like situation, not a pretty melody; trumpets do not play an important role The Cornet These small brass instruments became household items
The cornet developed and produced a warmer sound
It was easier to play, and hold
Their popularity took and soon no one played trumpet, only cornet (the first time music distinguished trumpet types) 20th Century 1901-2000 Expanding Use of the Trumpet Orchestral Music Music for orchestra still involved the trumpets, but experimentation with mutes were used to create different, exotic effects
Trumpets often represented either mysterious melodic lines or focused on the power aspect with the rest of the brass
Stravinsky shows the delicate mystery the trumpet plays in the orchestra Le Sacre du Printemps
The Rite of Spring Jazz The 20th century invention of jazz was big in the expanding technical requirements of the trumpet
People like Dizzy Gillespie, Louis Armstrong, Maynard Ferguson showed incredible trumpet range
They also presented a new way of playing: improvisation
Jazz and jazz trumpeting inspired social change 1862- The trumpet was used for the Taps bugle call
1864- Arban created the trumpet bible that is still used
The instrument became a common practice and it was used to teach in schools Pop The Beatles, an incredibly famous rock/pop band used the trumpet in many of their songs; The famous Penny Lane piccolo solo is one example of their trumpet feature
The use of trumpets in popular music introduced this instrument into the household and is used in every type of genre to date
In 1584 Cesare Bendinelli writes the first known trumpet method book Cesare Bendinelli Inspirational trumpet players through the years: Wrote first trumpet method
Brought the trumpet into an art
Girolamo Fantini Wrote first published trumpet method
Trumpet playing is avaliable to public
Johann Ernst Altenburg Wrote a book reflecting on trumpet players
His writings set a standard for trumpet players J. B. Arban A professor of the cornet at the Paris conservatory
Wrote the most important trumpet method book Mass in B Minor: Credo Itunes Itunes
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