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The Merchant Of Venice Mindmap
Transcript of The Merchant Of Venice Mindmap
Act Four & Five
Act One & Act Two
The Merchant Of Venice Mind-Map
Bassanio, in love with Portia, goes to Antonio, whom he still owes money to, to ask to borrow more money. However, Antonio's money is at sea, so he promises he will find someone to lend him money.
"...I owe you much, and (like a wilful youth)
That which I owe is lost; but if you please
To shoot another arrow that self way
Which you did shoot the first, I do not doubt,
(As I will watch the aim) or to find both,
Or bring your latter hazard back again
And thankfully rest debtor for the first."(Act 1, Scene 1, lines 146-152) Bassanio is telling Antonio if he loans him money again he will get this amount as well as the last loan back.
Antonio and Bassanio go to Shylock, a Jewish money lender, and Shylock lends Antonio three thousand Ducats, interest free. Although interest free, the three thousand Ducats are to be paid back within three months. If they are not, Antonio must give a pound of flesh as part of the bond.
Shylock: "...Your single bond; and, in a merry spot,
If you repay me not on such a day,
In such a place, such sum or sums as are
Express'd in the condition, let the forfeit
Be nominated for an equal pound
Of your fair flesh, to be cut off and taken
In what part of your body pleaseth me."
(Act 1, Scene 3, lines 141-147)
Jessica meets with Launcelot to give Lorenzo, her Christian love, a letter. The letter discusses a plan for Jessica to run away with Lorenzo to Belmont.
Jessica says to Launcelot:
"But fare thee well: there is a ducat for thee-
And, Launcelot, soon at supper shalt thou see
Lorenzo, who is thy new master's guest:
Give him this letter - do it secretly." (Act 2, Scene 3, lines 4-7)
Jessica runs away with Lorenzo, dressed as a boy, and steals her father's money and jewels.
Jessica: "I will make fast the doors, and gild myself
With some more ducats, and be with you straight."
(Act 2, Scene 6, lines 49-50)
Jessica is saying she will secure the doors then take more of her father's ducats and gold, and be out to run away with Lorenzo shortly.
One of Portia's suitor's, the proud Prince of Morocco finally chooses a casket. He chooses the gold casket with the engraving '
Who chooseth me shall gain what many men desire
', which is the incorrect casket. The Prince of Morocco is shocked to discover what is within the casket, as he says:
"O hell! what have we here?
A carrion Death, within whose empty eye
There is a written scroll. I'll read the writing.
Cold indeed; and labour lost:
Then farewell heat, and welcome, frost!
Portia, adieu. I have too griev'd a heart
To take a tedious leave: thus losers part."
(Act 2, Scene 7, lines 62-65 & 74-77)
Though the Prince of Morocco is devastated and leaving with a grieving heart, Portia is relieved.
Portia has another suitor, the Prince of Arragon. The Prince of Arragon, yet again chooses wrong. As he reads the inscriptions of the caskets and chooses the silver casket. He says:
"...Well, but to my choice:
Who chooseth me shall get as much as he deserves
I will assume desert. Give me a key for this,
And instantly unlock my fortunes here."
(Act 2, Scene 9, lines 48-51)
With that, The Prince of Arragon chooses incorrectly and is sent away.
-values friendship (especially Bassanio's)
-generous and kind
-hates the Jewish (scornful
towards and spits on Shylock)
-confident in his investments
-goes to Shylock to borrow money for Bassanio
-signs a bond risking his life
-irresponsible with money
-selfish and greedy
-needs to borrow money from Antonio, ends up putting Antonio in the position of borrowing from Shylock
-needs the money to travel to Belmont to meet Portia
-wants to marry Portia not only for love, but more money
-Jewish money lender
-holds a grudge against Antonio as well as other Christians
-vengeful and resentful(wants revenge on Antonio)
-cold and angry
-lends money to Antonio out of scorn
-sad and tired (of the world)
-mocking (of the suitors)
-beautiful and wealthy
-master of her household
-prisoner to her father's wishes
-wishes her suitors to leave
-in love with Bassanio
"In sooth, I know not why I am so sad:"
(Antonio, Act 1, Scene 1)
"By my troth, Nerissa, my little body is aweary of this great world."
(Portia, Act 1, Scene 2)
Both scenes begin with different characters tired and sad, which displays parallelism.
"Hie thee, gentle Jew. The Hebrew will turn Christian: grows kind." (Antonio, Act 1, Scene 3)
Antonio saying Shylock is being so kind he is becoming a Christian foreshadows Shylock being forced to become Christian later in the play.
"Your mind is tossing on the ocean"
(Salerio, Act 1, Scene 1)
This metaphor means his mind (Antonio's) is worrying about his ships; his worries are at sea with his ships, getting tossed around like his boats on the water.
"Do overpeer the petty traffickers
That curtsy to them, do them reverence
As they fly by them with their woven wings."
(Salerio, Act 1, Scene 1)
The boats are looking down at smaller ships, and the smaller ships must bow to get out of the way, and Antonio's ships fly like birds.
Each casket symbolizes something different.
The Gold Casket represents:
-greedy, materialistic people who are fooled by luxurious appearances
The Silver Casket represents:
-Cautious but foolish people
-People who try to be something they are not, and end up looking foolish
The Lead Casket represents:
-Humbleness and modesty
-Those willing to take risks and make sacrifice
Salerio hears news that one of Antonio's ships have wrecked.
"Why, yet it lives there unchecked that Antonio hath a ship of rich lading wracked on the narrow seas. The Goodwins I think they call the place—a very dangerous flat, and fatal..." (Salerio, Act 3, Scene 1)
Tubal brings word of another of Antonio's ship being wrecked.
"Hath an argosy cast away coming from Tripolis." (Tubal, Act 3, Scene 1)
Bassanio and Portia fall in love and Bassanio chooses the lead casket, the correct one.
"Thy paleness moves me more than eloquence,
And here choose I: joy be the consequence!" (Bassanio, Act 3, Scene 2)
Portia gives Bassanio the ring and submits to being his wife.
" I give them with this ring; Which when you part from, lose or give away, Let it presage the ruin of your love, And be my vantage to exclaim on you."
(Portia, Act 3, Scene 2)
Gratiano announces his love and engagement to Nerissa, Portia's maid.
"You saw the mistress, I beheld the maid; You lov'd, I lov'd: for intermission No more pertains to me, my lord, than you." (Gratiano, Act 3, Scene 2)
Salerio delivers news and Antonio's letter to Bassanio.
"Not sick, my lord, unless it be in mind; Nor well, unless in mind: his letter there Will show you his estate." (Salerio, Act 3, Scene 2)
Bassanio leaves to go to court in Venice to see and help Antonio.
"Since I have your good leave to go away, I will make haste; but, till I come again, No bed shall e'er be guilty of my stay, Nor rest be interposer 'twixt us twain"
(Bassanio, Act 3, Scene 2)
Antonio gets the Gaoler to let him out of prison to reason with Shylock, although Shylock lacks compassion.
"I pray thee, hear me speak." (Antonio, Act 3, Scene 3)
-contemplates cheating her father's rules and telling Bassanio which casket to choose
-after being her own master, she submits herself to be Bassanio's
-offers Bassanio money to repay his debt and save Antonio, showing she is caring and generous
-sends Bassanio to help Antonio, and wants to help her lover's friend, showing she values friendship
-becomes more angry and vengeful
-wants revenge on Christians (through Antonio)
-he is much more upset over losing his money than he is over losing his daughter, showing he is materialistic and greedy
-shows intelligence through choosing the lead casket,
is not fooled by outward appearance
-upset over the news of Antonio
-goes to help Antonio, valuing his friendship
-gossips with Solanio
-friend of Antonio and Bassanio
-finds out and delivers updates on news
-humorous and not very serious
-mocks others, for example Shylock and his outburst
When Bassanio is choosing the casket, the audience knows which casket is the right one, but Bassanio does not, therefore causing
"How many cowards whose hearts are all as false
As stairs of sand wear yet upon their chins
The beards of Hercules and frowning Mars,"(Bassanio, Act 3, Scene 2) Referring to the well-known Hercules is an example of an
"So may the outward shows be least themselves." (Bassanio, Act 3, Scene 2) meaning "Don't judge a book by its cover" is
"How all the other passions fleet to air,
As doubtful thoughts, and rash-embraced despair,
And shuddering fear, and green-eyed jealousy!" (Portia, Act 3, Scene 2)
All of Portia's emotion's vanishing into thin air is a
"I would be trebled twenty times myself" (Portia, Act 3, Scene 2) is an
"And there is such confusion in my powers
As after some oration fairly spoke
By a beloved prince there doth appear
Among the buzzing pleased multitude" (Bassanio, Act 3, Scene 2) Example of a
"You may as well go stand upon the beach
And bid the main flood bate his usual height." (Antonio, Act 4, Scene 1)
comparing asking Shylock to having mercy being like asking the ocean to be smaller.
"Your wife would give you little thanks for that, If she were by to hear you make the offer." (Portia, Act 4, Scene 1)
.. The audience knows that is Portia, but Bassanio, who is saying he would sacrifice her, does not know it is her.
"In such a night
Did Thisbe fearfully o'ertrip the dew
And saw the lion’s shadow ere himself
And ran dismayed away." (Jessica, Act 5, Scene 1)
Jessica is making a reference to famous lovers Thisbe and Pyramus, making this an example of an
"Why, this is like the mending of highways
In summer where the ways are fair enough!" (Gratiano, Act 5, Scene 1)
meaning sleeping with the clerks and doctors is like fixing roads that do not need fixing. They were cheated on, when they did not deserve so.
"With all my heart: some three or for of you
Go give him courteous conduct to this place."
(Duke, Act 4, Scene 1)
In court, Shylock demands that Antonio pay the pound of flesh for failing to pay the borrowed money on time.
"I have possessed your grace of what I purpose,
And by our holy Sabbath have I sworn
To have the due and forfeit of my bond."
(Shylock, Act 4, Scene 1)
Shylock refuses to show mercy, although the Duke pleads with him to do so.
"How shalt thou hope for mercy, rendering none?"
"What judgment shall I dread, doing no wrong?"
(Act 4, Scene 1)
Bassanio offers to double the original sum of borrowed money.
"For thy three thousand ducats here is six."
(Bassanio, Act 4, Scene 1)
Portia enters the court and again pleas with Shylock for mercy.
"The quality of mercy is not strained.
It droppeth as the gentle rain from heaven
Upon the place beneath. It is twice blessed:
It blesseth him that gives and him that takes."
(Portia, Act 4, Scene 1)
Antonio is pardoned and Shylock is made to become a Christain, and pay half of his property.
"So please my lord the duke and all the court,
To quit the fine for one half of his goods
I am content, so he will let me have
The other half in use to render it
Upon his death unto the gentleman
That lately stole his daughter.
Two things provided more: that for this favor
He presently become a Christian;"
(Antonio, Act 4, Scene 1)
Portia clarifies the meaning of the bond, pointing out that in taking a pound of flesh, no blood is allowed to be shed.
"This bond doth give thee here no jot of blood.
The words expressly are “a pound of flesh.”
Take then thy bond, take thou thy pound of flesh,
But in the cutting it if thou dost shed
One drop of Christian blood, thy lands and goods
Are by the laws of Venice confiscate
Unto the state of Venice."
(Portia, Act 4, Scene 1)
After Portia points this out, Shylock's plan for revenge has failed.
-Merciful in allowing Shylock to live
-Generous: gives Shylock's wealth to his daughter
-Ready to die for Bassanio, as long as he has seen him
-Intelligent as she finds the loop hole in the bond
-Generous and unselfish
-Goes to court, dressed as a man to help her lover's friend
-In love with Lorenzo
-At peace with Christian customs
-feels guilty for stealing from her father, but hates him
-humiliated and alienated
-forced to become a Christian
-angry and still vengeful
-cold and narrow minded