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The Development of the English Language

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Amy Lesniak

on 4 September 2013

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Transcript of The Development of the English Language

The Development of the English Language
Old English: 450-1100 A.D.
Middle English-1100-1400
Modern English- 1400-Present
Where Does English Come From?
How did it start?
Writing
This is the earliest stage of the written English language-known as runic or futhark.
Why did it change?
Norman Conquest
Aristocrats (1066-mid 1200s)
Aristocrats (1200s-1300s)
Borrowing from the French
French Connotations: formality, sophistication, power, prestige

Changes in Pronunciation and Grammar
lexicon
Pronunciation-less harsh & guttural
Grammar-simplification
inflections dropped
subjects before verbs
Standardization
Two Factors
Wait...It changed AGAIN?!
Sources of New Words
Printing and Regularization
The who, what, where, and how of our wonderful English language
The Great Vowel Shift
Grammar
1. inflected language
Indo-European Family
What You Need to Know
Germanic
Celts
Romans-Latin
words for
trade, public works, religious figures, institutions
Vikings-Danish
outlaw, knife, husband, fellow, take, egg, sky
Latin & Greek
French
Spanish
Italian
Anglo-Saxons
Germanic Tribes who invaded after the Romans left Britain.
Sang Lays
A culture of battle and war
Pagan Society (Thor, Woden, etc.)
Drank mead in mead halls to celebrate battle
English Connotations:
informal, unsophistication,
Examples?
East Midland Dialect-London
Spread of Printed Works-Thomas Caxton
analytical language
2. Plurality: -en
s
3. relative pronouns, prepositions, and conjunctions
Full transcript