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The Development of the English Language
Transcript of The Development of the English Language
Old English: 450-1100 A.D.
Modern English- 1400-Present
Where Does English Come From?
How did it start?
This is the earliest stage of the written English language-known as runic or futhark.
Why did it change?
Aristocrats (1066-mid 1200s)
Borrowing from the French
French Connotations: formality, sophistication, power, prestige
Changes in Pronunciation and Grammar
Pronunciation-less harsh & guttural
subjects before verbs
Wait...It changed AGAIN?!
Sources of New Words
Printing and Regularization
The who, what, where, and how of our wonderful English language
The Great Vowel Shift
1. inflected language
What You Need to Know
trade, public works, religious figures, institutions
outlaw, knife, husband, fellow, take, egg, sky
Latin & Greek
Germanic Tribes who invaded after the Romans left Britain.
A culture of battle and war
Pagan Society (Thor, Woden, etc.)
Drank mead in mead halls to celebrate battle
East Midland Dialect-London
Spread of Printed Works-Thomas Caxton
2. Plurality: -en
3. relative pronouns, prepositions, and conjunctions