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The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn

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Alec Aquino

on 10 January 2013

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Transcript of The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn

By Sawyer Smith, Alec Aquino, Carly Manogg The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn By Mark Twain Encounters Wrecked Steamboat Chapter 13 Chapters 1-5 Lives with Widow Chapters 6-7 Escapes from Pap's Cabin Maturity: In these chapters it talks about an incident in which Huck destroys a picnic. In the process of destroying the picnic he scares multiple children off. In addition Huck steals food from them. Summary:
Pap continues to threaten Huck about going to school. In spite of his father Huck continues to attend school. After multiple drunken binges Pap kidnaps Huck. Pap takes Huck to a secluded cabin in the woods. After a period in the cabin Huck is able to find a canoe. One day after Pap had left the cabin, Huck decided to take everything in the cabin and row down the river to Jackson Island. In the process of leaving the cabin, Huck decides to fake his own death by cutting a pig with an ax. Maturity: Huck is neither accountable for his studies nor his hygiene. He neglects his studies and pushes them to the side like they are nothing. He does not clean his clothes or change his clothes. A mature person would take responsibility for his studies and cleanliness. He has not made any progress with becoming more mature. Quote: Huck starts to talk about what its like to live with his father when saying " It was kind of lazy and jolly, laying off comfortable all day, smoking and fishing, and no books nor study. Two months or more run along, and my clothes got to be all rags and dirt " (Twain 24). Chapter 10 Pranks Jim with snakeskin Summary:
Jim tells Huck to not worry about the
man on the boat. He tells Huck that
if he thinks about the dead man that
he will get bad luck. Jim says that Huck
has already bad luck because he found
and handled a snake skin. Next, Huck
decides to take this supposed unlucky
snake skin and place it on Jim while he
is asleep. This prank that Huck pulls
leads to the snakes mate coming and
biting Jim on the leg while he is asleep.
The swelling goes down after a couple
days. Quote: Huck's lack of maturity
is shown in the book when it
says, "we busted it up, and chased the children up the hollow, but we never got anything but some doughnuts and jam" (Twain 13). Summary: The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn starts with a recap of a previous book by the name of Tom Sawyer. The chapter then goes on to talk about the main character Huck. Huck has decided with some persuasion from Tom Sawyer to come back and live with Widow Douglas. Before long Huck has joined a gang that believes they are going to kill and steal. After awhile the gang fails. Huck goes on to talk about an incident were Tom Sawyer told the gang that there was going to be a group of Spaniards and Arabs coming through with elephants and camels. The gang decides to raid this group, but come to realize that the supposed group was just a group having a picnic. The gang raids the picnic and runs off. Later in this section Huck realizes that his father is back in town. As soon as he realizes this he decides to give his money to Judge Thatcher. The father of Huck tries to get the money, but can not so he decides to go off and get drunk. Chapter 9 Sees the House of Death Summary: Huck and Jim decide to
hide in a cave to make it so other
people will not be able to see them.
Once they are in the cave they
become quite fond of the cave.
While they are in the cave Jim predicts
that a storm is coming. Jim is correct
in this prediction. A large storm
comes and creates a flood. The flood
causes a house boat to be washed up
next to them. They go into the boat
and they notice a dead man that has
been shot in the back. Jim does not
allow Huck to look at the face of the
man. They go through the boat and
come out with some odds and ends.
Once they have gotten some goods
they return to the canoe and paddle
their way back to the island safely. Maturity: Jim and Huck decide to raid and steal multiple things from the boat. This shows immaturity in two ways. The first way is that he is stealing many things that are not his. The other way is in respect to the dead man, Huck does not even respect the dead man by leaving his things. Chapter 8 Meets Jim on Jackson Island Summary: Once Huck is on Jackson Island he notices a search party that is looking for him. The search party makes Huck feel good. It makes him feel missed. The next three nights are just focused on Huck’s activities on the island. On the fourth day Huck is searching the island when he notices Jim. He finds out that Jim is on Jackson Island because he had run away from his owner. He decides to run away because he had heard he was going to be sold to another slaveholder. Once they meet they go on to talk about wise tales. Chapter 12 Morals Summary: Jim and Huck float down river on a self-made wigwam. They go about living by stealing, buying, and hunting for food and supplies. They feel bad about the stealing aspect of their adventure so they leave some items. This makes them feel morally better. They find down river a wrecked steamboat. Huck decides to go on the boat against Jim’s wishes. There they find two robbers discussing how they are going to kill a man. Huck finds Jim and finds out that their raft had been cut loose, and was swiftly floating down the river. Maturity: In these chapters is Huck does not show maturity. He shows his lack of maturity when he decides to put a snake skin on Jim. He thought it would be a funny joke. Consequently the joke leads to another snake biting Jim. This is a childish move on his part. Quote: In the book Huck talks about his immature joke saying "I killed him, and curled him up on the foot of Jim's blanket, ever so natural, thinking there'd be some fun when Jim found him there" (Twain 52). Maturity: Jim and Huck start stealing food from farms. Huck starts to wonder if this is the right thing to do. He takes in the advice of both Pap and the Widow. This is the start of him maturing. He shows that he has started to have a conscience. He has not fully matured, because he decides to rationalize by only giving back part of goods they had stolen. Quote: Huck starts wondering if taking the food is stealing and so he starts to talk to Jim, "Jim said he reckoned the widow was partly right and pap was partly right: so the best way would be for us to pick out two or three things from the list and say we wouldn't borrow them any more-- then he reckoned it wouldn't be no harm to borrow the others" (Twain 65). Summary: The robbers decide to go and take more money from the man. As they are stealing the money Huck and Jim steal the raft of the robbers. As they get down stream Huck starts to feel bad for the robbers. He wants the robbers to be saved. Huck and Jim go offshore and find a watchman. Huck comes up with a story to tell the watchman about his family being stranded on the Walter Scott. He convinces the watchman to go and investigate the wreckage. This good deed makes Huck feel good about himself, but later on it is realized that the robbers did not survive. Maturity: In this chapter shows a bit of maturity when feeling sorry for the robbers. After taking the robbers raft Huck starts to feel bad for the robbers and decides to tell a watchman to go and save them. A conscience starts to evolve in Huck. Quote: On the Raft Huck starts to feel sorry and he thinks "Now was the first time that i begun to worry about the men--- I reckon i hadn't had time to before. I begun to think how dreadful it was, even for murders, to be in such a fix" (Twain 72). Chapter 15 Gets lost in Fog Quote: Jim and Huck are raiding the wrecked houseboat and Huck lists what they took"We got an old tin lantern, and a butcher-knife without any handle, and bran-new Barlow knife worth two bits in any store, and a lot of tallow candles, and a tin candlestick and gourd and a tin cup" (Twain 51). Summary: Huck and Jim are floating down the river and they are coming up on there destination. They want to find the Ohio River. As they get close to the river, they get separated from each other because of fog. They both drift for awhile and finally Huck finds Jim asleep on a raft. Huck tries to trick Jim into thinking that the whole accident was a dream. Eventually Huck figures out that he is lying and gets furious with Huck for making him look like a fool. Quote: Huck starts to think of the joke he played on Jim and starts to feel regret, " It was fifteen minutes before I could work myself up to go and humble myself to a nigger: but I done it, and I warn't ever sorry for it afterward, neither. I didn't do him no more mean tricks, and I wouldn't done that one if I'd 'a' knowed it would make him feel that way" (Twain 86) Maturity: After the prank that Huck pulls on Jim he starts to feel bad about what had happened. This is the process of him gaining a conscience. The even more mature thing about this situation is that he goes up to a slave, who is not his equal in society, and apologizes. Chapter 26 Wilks' Funeral Summary: The dauphin arranges it so that he can stay at the Wilk's house. Later Huck enjoys dinner with the littlest sister Joanna. Joanna hounds Huck with questions about England. There is multiple questions that are messed up by Huck. He was answering these questions because he was supposedly from Sheffield and the dauphin was a Prime Minister. The little sister starts to catch on to their lies. She asks if this was a fake story, but was shot down by her family for being rude. Eventually Huck starts to feel bad and decides to return all the money that the con-men had taken. Once he has the opportunity to get in their room, he goes in and takes the money. Eventually he leaves the house. Quote: Huck starts to feel really bad about the con-men stealing their money so he starts to think about it "I says to myself, this is a girl that I'm letting that old reptile rob her of her money! Then Susan she waltzed in: and if you'll believe me, she did give Hare-lip hark from the tomb! Says I to myself, and this is another one that I'm letting him rob her of her money" (Twain 174). Maturity: In this chapter Huck shows great strides in becoming a mature young man. He not only recognizes what is wrong, but he makes it right. In this chapter Huck realizes how cruel it is for the con-artists to take this families money. Huck reacts to this feeling by taking the money back from the men. This move on his part was an extremely bold and mature move. Chapter 16 Summary: Jim and Huck are on a mission to get to Cairo. While they are drifting Huck starts to feel bad that he helped Jim escape from his rightful owner, Miss Watson. He feels bad because of all the things Miss Watson did for him and knows he hurt her. They come up on what they believe is Cairo. Huck decides to go out and figure out if it is Cairo. On the way there Huck says to himself that he is giving up Jim. By the time he gets there he decides not to. As he is going to land he meets some men who want to look on his raft for slaves. Huck does not want to give up Jim and so he decides to make up a story to trick the hunters into not checking the boat. Jim and Huck start on again and pass some towns and believe they have missed Cairo. They decide to take a break. When they wake up they notice their canoe is gone. Later the raft is smashed to pieces and the two of them are split up. Quote: Huck starts to think about helping Jim so he starts to wonder "What had poor Miss Watson done to you that you could see her nigger go off fight under your eyes and never say one single word? What did that poor old woman do to you that you could treat her so mean" (Twain 88) Maturity: Huck starts learning about the consequences of his actions and this is a sign of becoming mature. He starts to wonder what Miss Watson feels about him helping take Jim. In addition he wonders if slavery is right. These thoughts did not happen in the beginning of the book when Huck did not show respect to Jim or Miss Watson. Summary: Huck is invited into the Grangerfords house. While he is in there is thought to be Shepardson. Once the family stops being suspicious they find Huck some dry clothes. Once Huck is into his dry clothes he admires the house and the work of a family member by the name of Emmeline. The family eventually offers Huck the opportunity to live with them. Huck could not believe it; he thought it was a perfect situation. Quote: Huck is talking about the house when he saw books and he starts talking about them " There was some books, too, piled up perfectly exact, on each corner of the table. One was a big family Bible full of pictures. One was Pilgrim's Progress, about a man that left his family, it didn't say why. I read considerable in it now and then" (Twain 111). Maturity: In the beginning of the book Huck could not read. When people tried to teach him he would not listen. Now, he is listing off many books and giving and analysis summary on what the book is about. It shows that he has changed his childish attitude of not listening and matured into someone that is now reading. Chapter 18 Summary:Mary Jane is crying in her bedroom when Huck comes in. He finds out that the trip to England is to much for her to handle. She feels this distress of the separation of the slave family. Huck tells Mary that the family will be reunited soon. Mary Jane asks for an explanation and in the heat of the moment Huck tells the truth.Huck tells her to stay at a friends house while he gets away. Before he leaves he writes on a piece of paper the location of the money. When he tries to leave he encounters two groups. The first group is Joanna and Susan. He is able to trick them into being quiet about the whole situation. Then he runs into a mob. Chapter 28 Quote: Mary Jane had just asked for an explanation from Huck and he is pondering whether to tell the truth or not " I'm blest it it don't look to me like the truth is better and actually safer than a lie, I must lay it by in my mind, and think it over some time or other, it's so kind of strange and unregular I'm a-going to chance it: I'll up and tell the truth this time" (Twain 187). Maturity: This is a huge moment, because it is him telling the truth about himself. He not only ponders telling the truth, but he pulls through. He lied numerous times about who he is, but finally he told the truth about himself. That is a huge maturing moment because telling the truth is a hard thing sometimes. Chapter 27 Summary: Huck decides to hide the sack of money in Peter Wilk's coffin. Huck becomes frantic because he doesn't get another opportunity to remove the money safely. The next day Huck watches in horror as the undertaker seals the coffin without looking inside. He can not believe he might never know whether the duke and the Dauphin had gotten the money back. He starts to ponder if there is a solution to his problem. He comes up with the idea to write Mary a note telling her what to do with the coffin. After, the Dauphin sells the estate and slaves. In the process he splits up the slave family. Huck comforts himself with the knowledge that the slave family will be reunited in a week or so when the duke and the Dauphin are exposed. Some how the con men are able to pin the missing money on the slaves. Quote: As the family is being lied to Huck is thinking on what to do " Them poor things was that glad and happy it made my heart ache to see them getting fooled and lied to so, but I didn't see no safe way for me to chip in and change the general tune" (Twain 183). Maturity: When the family is being tricked, Huck feels bad about what the con-men are doing. The issue is he does not do anything about it he worries more about how it would affect him. That is selfish and immature move. Chapter 18 Quote: Huck has just seen the family feud and people die. He starts to reminisce "It made me so sick I most fell of the tree. I ain't agoing to tell all that happened--it would make me sick again if I was to do that. I wished I hadn't ever come ashore that night to see such things. I ain't ever going ashore that night to see such things. I ain't ever going to get shut of them--lots of times I dreamed about them" (Twain 115). Summary: Later on in Huck’s stay he figures out that there is a family fued between the Grangerfords and the Shepardsons. The funny part is that they do not know the reason for their fighting. One day after church Huck is taken to the swamp and once in the swamp he finds Jim. Jim tells Huck the reason for his dissappearence was because he did not want to become caught by yelling for him on the shore. The next day Huck finds Buck and another Grangerford died after a fire fight with the rivaling family the Shepardsons. Eventually he leaves on the raft with Jim. Maturity: In the beginning of the book Huck
joins a gang that pretends to kill for fun. He does not put much thought into the ramifications of killing. He is like a child that plays gun games. He thinks they will come back to life. Finally, in this chapter he sees the reality of death.
This opens his eyes to what killing is like.
In addition it is eye opening because Buck
died and he is so close in age to Buck. This situation allows for Huck to have a more
mature view on death and killing. Chapter 31 Summary: The foursome is traveling down the river. The dauphin and king are talking to each other a lot which is making Jim and Huck nervous. Jim and Huck decide to ditch them at the next stop. At the next stop Huck ditches them, but when he comes back he realizes Jim has been captured. He started thinking about sending a letter to Miss Watson about Jim. Eventually he decides not to. He feels that he had committed a huge sin, so he decides to ask forgivness from God. Soon he realizes that his heart is not in it, so he stops praying. Eventually he decides that he is going to steal Jim from whoever took him. He left and on his way there he encountered the Dauphin. The Dauphin tries to trick Huck into going the wrong way. Quote: Huck is wondering what he should do when he final says " All right, then , I'll go to hell" (Twain 214). Maturity: Huck decides to think of someone before himself. He decides against everybody else because he thought it was the right thing to do. It took a lot of guts to do what is considered wrong. He become more mature then many people because he saw that slavery was wrong and he stood up for it. He also is going to risk getting in trouble for Jim a person that many people consider property. Chapter 14 Quote: Huck goes on to talk about what they have been doing "We laid off all the afternoon in the woods talking, and me reading the books" (Twain 87) then he goes on to say " I read considerable to Jim about kings dukes and earles and such , and how gaudy they dress" ( Twain 76). Maturity: This is the first sign of Huck reading. In the beginning of the book he would have nothing to do with reading. Now, he seems to show great interest in books and the plots of the books. He is starting to grow up and listen. Summary: After Jim and Huck are done raiding the robbers' bounty from the Walter Scott, they relax in the woods while Huck reads books and they discuss their "adventures."Huck astonishes Jim with stories of kings, first reading from books and then adding some of his own, made-up stories. Huck and Jim talk about the dauphin. Huck says that the dauphin is currently wandering America. Jim and Huck have a debate about whether or not the French can speak English. Huck gives up in defeat. Quote: The search party for Huck and he starts to think " and then something struck me. I says, now I reckon the widow or the parson or somebody prayed that this bread would find me, and here it has gone and done it. So there ain't no doubt but there is something in that thing---that is, there's something in it when a body like the widow or the parson prays, but it don't work for me, and I reckon it don;t work for only just the right kind" (Twain 37). Maturity: The biggest part of his maturity is sophistication of thinking about his religious beliefs. He thought that because they prayed thats the reason for him getting the bread. This makes him wonder if he prayed he would get what he wanted. This thought process shows maturity because it shows him taking his thoughts two steps further. He could have just stopped with being happy about the bread, but no he started to think about his beliefs. Chapter 16 Summary: Jim and Huck are on a mission to get to Cairo. While they are drifting Huck starts to feel bad that he helped Jim escape from his rightful owner, Miss Watson. He feels bad because of all the things Miss Watson did for him and knows he hurt her. They come up on what they believe is Cairo. Huck decides to go out and figure out if it is Cairo. On the way there Huck says to himself that he is giving up Jim. By the time he gets there he decides not to. As he is going to land he meets some men who want to look on his raft for slaves. Huck does not want to give up Jim and so he decides to make up a story to trick the hunters into not checking the boat. Jim and Huck start on again and pass some towns and believe they have missed Cairo. They decide to take a break. When they wake up they notice their canoe is gone. Later the raft is smashed to pieces and the two of them are split up. Quote: Huck has just lied to slave hunters to keep Jim, when he starts to think " They went off and I got aboard the raft, feeling bad and low, because I knowed very well I had done wrong" (Twain 91). Maturity: When Huck decides to lie to save Jim it showed courage. It was courageous because he could have gotten into big trouble for helping a slave and he could have gotten off clean by turning him in, but instead he risked getting into trouble for a person that many do not count as a citizen. The courageous effort shows great maturity. Chapter 33 Quote: Huck has just seen the con-men with tar and feather on them when he thinks to himself " Just looked like a couple of monstrous big soldier plumes. Well, it made me sick to see it: and i was sorry for them poor pitiful rascals, it seemed like I couldn't ever feel any hardness against them any more in the world. It was a dreadful thing to see. Human beings can be awful cruel to one another" (Twain 231). Summary: Huck meets Tom's wagon. At first Tom believe that it was a ghost because he thought that Huck was dead. Once they met up Tom heard Huck's idea of freeing Jim. Tom surprisingly is willing to help Tom get Jim. They both go over to the house were Jim is located. They are allowed inside and greeted with warmth. Tom and Huck are waiting for the family to talk about Jim, but they do not for awhile. Eventually, the boys ask to see the show coming through. When they said this they also said that the Jim "runaway" said it was a con. Later that night Tom and Huck sneak out and hear a riot. The riot is the dauphin and king tarred and feathered. Huck feels bad for both of them. Maturity: Huck shows much maturity in the way he is compassionate in this chapter. He shows and compassion and sympathy for the two tarred and feathered men even though they lied to him. He is what people called the bigger man. In addition Huck shows maturity in the way he thinks on how cruel people are to each other. The thought that people are cruel to other people is in depth thought for a child that once ran children out of a picnic. Chapter 19 Summary: Further down the river Huck comes in contact with two men that need a lift immediately. They are begging to get a ride on the raft. They take them about a mile down river to safety. The men have never meet and are years apart in age, but are in similar predicaments. After awhile the men decide to team up and become con-men. The younger of the two decides he is a English duke. The older one decides he is the dauphin. They are served and treated like royalty by Huck and Jim. Huck eventually figures out that they are lying. Quote: Huck has figured out that the men are not royalty and he reflects on a point his Pap made " I never learnt nothing else out of pap, I learnt that the best way to get along with his kind of people is to let them have their own way" (Twain 125). Maturity: In this chapter shows a maturity in both social skills. He learns how to deal with different kinds of people. If he had confronted the cons-men he would have had a situation, but he instead used previous knowledge to make the decision to keep certain information to himself. This shows great maturity in self-control. He does not do what most kids his age would do and that would be to yell it out. Chapter 42 Silas's is enable to find Tom once it was deemed he had not returned. In the meantime, a letter from Aunt Polly is set aside when Tom comes in who she thinks is Sid. Tom is carried in on a mattress. He does not look so good. Jim and the doctor follow behind Tom. Even though Jim has been treated with the utmost disrespect. He decides to sacrifice his freedom to nurse Tom back to good health. Sally decides to stay next to Tom. Later on Tom seems to improved and eventually he awakes. Tom wakes horrified to see Jim in chains. He explains that Jim is free because Miss Watson had passed away. Later on Tom and Huck are yelled at by Sally for their misadventures. Quote: Huck is reminiscing about Tom letting a slave be free "And his Aunt Polly she said Tom was right about old Miss Watson setting Jim free in her will and so, sure enough. Tom Sawyer had gone and took all that trouble and bother to set a free nigger free! and i couldn't ever understand before, until that minute and that talk how he could help a body set a nigger free with his bringing up" (Twain 302). Maturity: Huck makes a big stride in maturing in the way he thinks. He finally realizes what Tom was thinking. It took him a journey with a slave to figure this out. The person that Huck was before the journey would have never realized the reason for Tom freeing a slave.
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