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The science of hockey sticks

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Katie Crowther

on 17 December 2014

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Transcript of The science of hockey sticks

Science of hockey sticks
Flex is the amount of weight required to bend a stick 3 inches.
There are a variety of different materials...
There are many advantages and disadvantages of all kinds
A fiberglass stick is made by extremely fine fibers of glass woven together into a sheet of cloth. Fiberglass is the weakest composite stick as it is less dense than the other composite sticks
Every hockey stick is different and unique from one another. There is no stick that is exactly the same. Sticks vary from their shaft length, circumference, shape, flexibility, balance, kick point, flex and blade.
Advantages and disadvantages
They advantage of wood is that they give a strong natural feel with the puck; they are a lot stronger then composite sticks and have less of a chance of breaking them.
The major disadvantage is that they normally have very low flex
Also they are the least popular hockey stick compared to composite sticks
Carbon and aluminum
Both carbon and aluminum will give you a faster more accurate shot then wood. They both vary in flex greatly. Aluminum is like wood today, it isn't used often compared to carbon and fiberglass
Choosing Flex
As a rule of thumb, take the players weight and divide it by two. If the player is taller or stronger then average they may round up. It is all the preference of the player.
Jarome Iginla
For example Jarome Iginla is a fairly small and light player so he will most likely use a very low number and the stick will become more malleable.
Zdeno Chara
Zdeno Chara is "6'9" and 255 pounds. He will probably use a high number of flex because of his height and weight. He is still able to bend the stick because of the strong force that he is exerting on the stick.
Shea Weber
Shea Weber is "6'4" and 233 pounds. He will also most likely use a high number of flex. He is similar to Chara in the sense that he is exerting a high amount of force causing the stick to flex.
Numbering of Flex
The flex is indicated by the number on the side of the stick. The smaller the number the more flex the stick has, or in other words the least amount of force needed to bend the stick. The higher the number the stiffer the hockey stick will become.
There are four categories. Youth, junior, intermediate and senior. Youth is normally 40 flex, junior ranging from 65-67 and senior with the largest range 70-110.
Additional Information


I was also very lucky to receive an email from Bauer hockey and BASE hockey! I used a lot of the information that was given from those emails.
Where ever the most force is being placed is where the stick will bend most. Where it bends the most is the center of the flex. Normally the bottom hand is where that flex will be.
In this picture he is putting the most flex on the center of the stick. His bottom right hand is where that force is being placed.
Lots of players have different preferences when choosing a stick but the following information is a average conclusion.
All sticks have different advantages and disadvantage but they still all work!
Hockey sticks don't just vary in flex! they can vary from length, curve and kick point.
When you are deciding the length of your stick it should be between your nose and your chin when you are wearing your skates. Depending on your position length may slightly vary. Kick point is the stick flex. Some sticks have two kick points so two areas were the stick will flex. Blades vary massively through shape, size and curve. Almost every player will have a different curve depending on their style. Junior sticks have lot smaller blade than senior sticks do.
Length, Kick point and Blade
To summarize every hockey stick is different and will vary for every hockey player. It is all dependent on the player's style of play and past experiences.
Thank you for listening and I hope you learned some new information and facts!
Full transcript