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Designer Babies

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Bella Wong

on 6 February 2013

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Transcript of Designer Babies

Have you ever built your own bear? These are designer babies. What Do You Think About It
Seriously, give me your brains. Sources Genetically Modified Babies One would obviously think

No by Bella, Brenda, & Kyren Build-A-Baby 2004 Oxford English Definition: a baby whose genetic makeup has been artificially selected by genetic engineering combined with in vitro fertilization to ensure the presence or absence of particular genes or characteristics. http://science.howstuffworks.com/life/genetic/designer-children.htm
http://online.wsj.com/article/SB123439771603075099.html Given the choice, would you have chosen to be born with a different skin color, eye color, and hair color? Would you have chosen to be skinny or fat? Tall or short? Obviously, you were not given these options. The traits you possess now were handed down to you randomly from your parents' genes to choose from. Due to advances in genetic research,
it is now possible for parents to choose
these traits as if making a bear at the
Build-A-Bear workshop. Scientists have only begun to unravel the secrets of the human genome - the genetic blueprint for human beings Mapping of the human genome was completed in 2003 Scientists still on the quest to find what each gene does and how it functions In February 2009, a fertility clinic in Los Angeles offered to a selection of hair and eye colors. They were forced to take back this offer after critical public opinion. In England, deaf activists protested a 2007 bill that allowed the genetic selection only against specific diseases or disabilities. In 2010, it's now possible to manipulate the genes of embryos. In Hollywood Gattaca (1997) In the not-too-distant future, a less-than-perfect man wants to travel to the stars. Society has named Vincent Freeman unsuitable because of his genetic make-up and he has become one of the underclass of humans that are only useful for menial jobs. To move ahead, he assumes the identity of Jerome Morrow, a perfect genetic specimen who is a disabled as a result of a car accident. With professional advice, Vincent learns how to deceive DNA and urine sample testing. Just when he is finally scheduled for a space mission, his program director is killed and the police begin an investigation, jeopardizing his secret.
Starring Ethan Hawke, Uma Thurman, and Jude Law or OH HAILS YEH
DIS DUDE--> Julian Savulescu (Oxford Professor ) Prevent genetic problems
e.i anger management, violent genes, cancer
John Smeaton (national director of S.P.U.C)
THIS WILL LEAD US TO THE WRONG ROAD Can they even be considered H U M A N???? RELATIONSHIPS The Science Behind It New Set of Values Widening the social
classes?!?? dude...Let nature take its course, man you can't change that -0- Why should we let our precious children be victim of a natural lottery "The future of humanity
is in our hands now.
Rather than fearing genetics,
we should embrace it.
We can do better than chance" FOR THE BETTER OR Its Beginnings Playing GAWD OHOHOHOH whats this??? IN FACT like most
of the presentations
there is not simple black and white happy go lucky one answer! There is a fine line Scientific Development We need to know our limits USE FOR GOOD? FOR EVIL? WHERE ARE WE HEADING WITH THIS? In 2003,
scientists finished mapping the human genome: It can indeed help us or the genetic blueprint for a human being bring us to our downfall shall we take the chance? Okay, y'all made a child.... (the ones we had to draw you know that one?) How did it feel? was it right? wrong? You are giving your child certain types of traits because??? They will still have their OH SO lovable personality just moar advanced at some things than others in the long run is it fair? ETHICAL
STUFF ^^ To this day, scientists struggle to determine the function of each gene and what it does. Now in 2010, it is possible to manipulate the genes of embryos. In February 2009, a fertility
clinic in Los Angeles tried
to offer a selection of hair
and eye colour but had to
retract their offer from
all the backlash. The First Genetically Modified Babies On the night of June 27th, it was announced that 30 genetically modified babies were born. 2 of the GMBs also tested for having the genes of 3 different adults, two women and one male. This means these two babies will be able to pass on their extra genes to their offspring. According to researchers, this experiment has been going on 3 years to help women who were unable to conceive have children. John Smeaton, national director of the Society for the Protection of Unborn Children, states, 'One has tremendous sympathy for couples who suffer infertility problems. But this seems to be a further illustration of the fact that the whole process of in vitro fertilisation as a means of conceiving babies leads to babies being regarded as objects on a production line. Geneticists fear that one day this method could be used to create new races of humans with extra, desired characteristics such as strength or high intelligence. Others name the GMBs as 'monsters'. But this goes beyond picking green eyes... In 2007 in England, deaf activists protested a bill that allowed for genetic selections against only certain diseases and disabilities and prohibit selection for them. The deaf activists believed that they should have the right to determine whether their child was deaf or not. The same bill allowed for parents to select embryos that would later be 'savior siblings' - children created for the sole purpose of being donors for an already existing sick child. Designing human babies is an experiment that governments, ethicists, and religious organization are just beginning to touch base on, with full force. The basis of all the possible manipulation of human beings is within the human genome. In 2003, scientists finished it, to the extent that our current day technology allows. Some Facts About 10% of respondents said they wanted genetic testing for athletic ability, while another 10% voted for improved height.
Nearly 13% backed the approach to select for superior intelligence, according to the survey conducted by researchers at the New York University School of Medicine. In 2006, a survey by the Genetics and Public Policy Center at Johns Hopkins University found that 42% of 137 prenatal genetic diagnosis clinics offered a gender-selection service. In a recent U.S. survey of 999 people who sought genetic counseling, a majority said they supported prenatal genetic tests for the elimination of certain serious diseases: 56% supported to counter blindness and 75% for mental retardation. Genetic engineering has been used in plants and animals. Therefore, scientists had always been investigating the cases with human babies for a healthier, better looking and smarter future generation. Germ cell genetic modifications is the altering done in the embryo, sperm or egg. This is able to modify or enhance
the genes related to athletic ability, intelligence and appearance as
well as to remove any sort of
hereditary diseases. The downside:
the elimination of one gene
does not guarantee it as
the only elimination. It is
impossible to predict such
a thing. A gene desired to be preserved always has the
risk of being modified. The Process of
Germline Modification Some gene-altered children were
born through the process called ooplasmic transfer where the genes of a donor
is inserted to the egg cell of a women. Specially used with women having fertility problems The egg results with two types of mitochondria, cell organelles containing some DNA and provide energy for the cell. Children born using ooplasmic transfer have three genetic parents, since their DNA come from their mother and father as well as the donor. "first case of human germline genetic modification"
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