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Images from Shutterstock.com The State and Political Systems The concept of the state is to developed the society to realized that it was for their welfare to centralize authority, set rules for setting disputes, and apply force to maintain obedience and loyalty to social norms and values of society.
FUNCTION OF STATE: The main function of the state and the maintenance of peace and orders and the regulation and control of the lives of the people.
The Basic of power in Philippine Politics:
Government and Law Politics is the “theory, art and practice government.”
Political Institutions- are the social arrangements for legislating enforcing laws, and providing social services like education, public health and welfare, distributing public funds, collecting taxes, conducting foreign affairs and deciding on issue of war and peace.
In other words, politics is the one acquiring and maintaining the power of their position and how consequent s organized and exercised those powers that have given to them. Sociology of Politics Forms of Government There are forms of government by different political ideologies: AUTOCRAC Is the direct opposite of democracy.
It upholds that the government should be in the hand of one individual who has supreme power over the people.
Traditional autocracy has replaced by present day autocracy of rightist and leftist and ideologies, known as totalitarianism.
OLIGARCHY Is a form of government in w/c the power or authority reside few persons who govern for their own interest.
It is also referred to as elitism. He believed that a handful of men who represent the corporate rich, military upper echelons, and political directorate.
Meaning, oligarchy government existence by the elite, who manipulate the masses through mass communication. DEMOCRACY Is a form of government who there is a rule by the people, either directly or through representatives.
Have a equal rights and privileges, universal suffrage, and participation in the political process w/c affects citizens lives are features of democratic regimes.
“A government of the people, and for the people”.
Other Political Ideologies that have Presented Alternative views of the State. Socialism- became most pervasive ideology and 20th country. It a rose as an outcry against the repressive mills of capitalism, an intense response against the profound changes cased by the industrial revolution.
Fascism- a derivative from the Italian fascist party, is a political economic system in w/c all major aspects of society's life activities are rigidly regulated by a centralized state authority. Private ownership of the means of production is limited by strict state control. Modern Totalitarianism- absolute power is not attired or maintained easily. It evolves from one party system and develops entirely new political institutions for controlling and supervising people.
Social Democracy- is focuses on mitigating the hardships fostered by the capitalist economies, such a under employment, salary and wages, on the job promotion and taxation rather than on the revision of the structures of societies. From the Family The state has taken over the provision of protection of home the formal education of the youth.
From the Economy
From the Church
The state has taken over the resolution of the labor-capital disputes, the limitation or regulation of production, distribution and consumption of economic resources and other economic concerned.
The state has taken over the regulation of the condition for contracting and dissolving marriages, family planning, the moral or spiritual training for the youth, the provision of relief for the poor, and the disposal as the head.
The Social Structure of Politics It is the institution whose functions are carried out by the government.
Is the ideology behind the nation-state, has played a significant part in modern history.
Which is wholly regulated the laws, whether in the international, rational, or local spheres.
Quasi-Legal w/c is partly within the limits of the laws and partly a matter of personal unofficial arrangements as in the villages. Extra Legal- w/c includes alliances of shady business and underworld dealings, as in predatory economic- political crime vise networks. Struggle for Power:
Political power is a basic force I the political process and in structuring society.
The Structure and Function of Philippine Politics: Voting- is a requirements were liberalized and eligibility was made to be based on age, citizenship, residence, and literacy.
Political Counseling- “information middleman” in cities and poblations were consulted on political, legal and other technical matters by voters.
Patronage- straight buying and selling of votes operates with a network of personalized.
Molding of Public Opinion- efforts to provide mire scientific public opinion polling are done by professional statistical centers.
Power Beyond the Law Political Activity- exceed or do away with established practices.
Revolution- is the overthrow of one political system in order to establish another, usually w/ the use of violent action.
People Power- is defined as a large gathering of unarmed people united by a set of political.
Corruption- is a malady off lifting both developing and developed countries.
Terrorism- defined as acts of violence or the treat of violence employed by an individual or group as a political strategy.