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EDTL 2710 - 7 Ways to Read Project

Number The Stars
by

Courtney Allard

on 25 February 2013

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Transcript of EDTL 2710 - 7 Ways to Read Project

7 Ways to Read REFERENCES 1. What is the significance of the Star of David on the cover and why is it the only colorful image on the cover?
2. Why do Annemarie Johansen's parents lie to her about the way her sister, Lise, died?
3. Annemarie often has to make decisions, these decisions help her mature especially because majority of the situations are life or death. Will growing up be a motif throughout the book?
4. Annemarie tells her sister fairy tales to help her sleep at night and then tells herself one when she has to deliver a package to her Uncle Henrick. What is the significance of fairy tales in this story? Step 1: ASK QUESTIONS! "Halte!' The soldier ordered in a stern voice. The German word was as familiar as it was frightening." Step 2: FOCUS ON KEY PASSAGES! KEY PASSAGES cntd. In the introduction, you are told that this is a semi-fictional story about a fictional girl who grew up in Copenhagen in 1943.

This is the first time the German soldiers appear in this novel. Considering that Annemarie described the German word, "as familiar as it was frightening" we can assume that this is not her first experience with a German soldier. Annemarie's friend, Ellen, on the other hand, appears stiff and frightened, which allows you to infer as a reader that she may be a Jew. This passage is important because it creates a time frame for when this story is taking place.
"The Resistance fighters were Danish people - no one knew who, because they were very secret - who were determined to bring harm to the Nazis however they could." At this point in the novel, it begins to become clear through this passage that the setting is during World War 2. This passage also represents exactly what Annemarie's family's role is at this time. The war has not allowed them to carry on as the Danish family in Copenhagen they were before the war, it's turned them in to secretive fighters of the German Nazi forces. KEY PASSAGES cntd "Papa, do you remember what you heard the boy say to the soldier? That all of Denmark would be the king's bodyguard?' Her father smiled. 'I have never forgotten it,' he said. 'Well,' Annemarie said slowly, 'now I think that all of Denmark must be a bodyguard for all the Jews as well.' 'So we shall be,' Papa replied." Here, Annemarie begins to demonstrate her ability to be brave. Earlier on in the story, Annemarie said she would die for their King if she had to because her mother and father said they would die for the King themselves. Annemarie begins to mature through promises of bravery, which would turn out to be a running theme throughout the story. With Annemarie's best friend Ellen being Jewish, this selection specifically sets the stage for the beginning of the Holocaust's role in Annemarie's life or rather, Annemarie's role in the Holocaust. KEY PASSAGES still cntd. "The heavy, booted feet moved across the floor again and into the other bedroom. A closet door opened and closed with a bang."..."Hold still,' Annemarie commanded. 'This will hurt.' She grabbed the little gold chain, yanked with all her strength, and broke it. As the door opened and light flooded into the bedroom, she crumpled it into her hand and closed her fingers tightly. Bravery, a continuous character trait Annemarie develops, becomes entirely evident in this selection. Even though she can hear soldiers outside her bedroom door, and her parents explained to her that Ellen was staying the night because the Nazis were ordered to seize all Danish Jews, she still took Ellen's necklace, a clear sign of Judaism, and clasped it into her hand, to keep it and Ellen's true identity hidden from the soldiers. STEP 3: BE AWARE OF KEY WORDS/CONCEPTS! Wailing: to utter a prolonged, inarticulate, mournful cry, usually high-pitched or clear-sounding, as in grief or suffering: Step 5: SUMMARIZE! BRAVERY: Bravery is a motif in the book. Annemarie must be brave when she holds Ellen's necklace for her, when she travels through the woods alone, when she encounters the soldiers, when the adults trust her with information that may be frightening or overwhelming to her, when she says that they (the Danish people) should protect the Jews the way they would protect their King, and when she wears Ellen's necklace at the end of the novel. GROWING UP: Or rather, the blurred line between childhood and becoming an adult, is another major theme in the novel. Annemarie has no choice but to grow up quickly. Growing up not only in a time of war but in a war zone, Annemarie must learn how to think like an adult even though she is only a child. Using WW2 as a setting really allows the difficulty of growing up to be represented. Annemarie's character could easily represent the real children living in Copenhagen at this time. FAIRY TALES: Another motif is fairy tales. First Annemarie uses fairy tales to get her sister, Kirsti, to sleep. She talks about how she loves dragging them out and listening to Kirsti hold her breath in fear or squeal in excitement. Annemarie also uses a fairy tale when she is scared while traveling alone in the woods. She pretends that she is Little Red Riding Hood in order to distract herself from the dangers that may be lurking in the shadows of the trees. WORLD CONNECTIONS! The Holocaust set off WW2. Hitler and his German Army set out to remove all those who did not fit into Hitler's perfect image and Jews were one of the groups to be targeted. During the Holocaust, Jews were sent to Concentration Camps where they were either worked to death, became test subjects, or were killed by the soldiers. STEP 7: INVESTIGATE! 1) to incarcerate real and perceived enemies of the Nazi regime and the German occupation authorities in Poland for an indefinite period of time; 2) to have available a supply of forced laborers for deployment in SS-owned, construction-related enterprises (and, later, armaments and other war-related production); and 3) to serve as a site to physically eliminate small, targeted groups of the population whose death was determined by the SS and police authorities to be essential to the security of Nazi Germany. Distorted: twisted; deformed; misshapen. http://www.menorah.org/starofdavid.html http://www.ushmm.org/research/library/faq/languages/en/04/01/denmark2.php http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/ http://www.ushmm.org/wlc/en/media_ph.php?ModuleId=10005189&MediaId=3136 http://www.ushmm.org/wlc/en/article.php?ModuleId=10005189 Lowry, Lois. Number the Stars. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1989. Print. StEP 6: MAKE CONNECTIONS! I have never experienced the effects of war in my hometown the way that Annemarie did in Number The Stars. The Holocaust has always had a soft spot in my heart and no war during my lifetime, in my opinion, has come close to the lack of compassion shown by Hitler and the German Army.
The attacks on 9/11 were horrid and the lives lost that day are equally as important as the ones lost because of Hitler, but I was nowhere near New York when the terrorist attack happened. I was seven years old and barely had a clue as to what was going on because even though it was in my country, I did not know anyone who was hurt or killed that day like Annemarie had with her sister Lise, or her best friend Ellen. Auschwitz prisoner. German soldiers introduced. Ellen stays with the Johansen's
and the soldiers come to their come. The Johansens and Ellen leave for Henrik's
house in the woods where Ellen and
her family will be hidden and then
taken to Sweden to escape the German
forces. Annemarie learns the truth as to why
they are at her Uncle Henrik's, where
the Rosens have gone and why. Annemarie bravely decides to
wear Ellen's Star of David necklace
until she returns home to Denmark. Hitler's orders to remove Danish Jews takes effect. LYING: Lying was a major theme through-
out the book. While it sounds bad,
the Johansens weren't lying for
the wrong reasons. The family
was forced to talk in code in order
to save their friends and their own
lives. Papa uses a code word
"cigarette" and the phrase
"Is the weather good for fishing?"
while talking to Henrik. Mama told Annemarie her
Great-aunt Birte's funeral would be held at the house
which would end up being a casket full of blankets and
clothing. Get the text down to its
core elements and themes: Number The Stars
By Lois Lowry STEP 4: ILLUSTRATE YOUR STORY'S KEY COMPONENTS: Auschwitz: Its Purpose PERSONAL 3 Ways to Teach
Number The Stars Holocaust Mini-lesson Journal Writing Scenario Writing in Response to Selections From The Text. I would use this mini-lesson in the beginning of the novel so that the students would be able to make connections between the novel and history.

For this mini-lesson, I'd lecture them about important aspects of the Holocaust such as Hitler's part in the Holocaust, the types of people Hitler wanted to kill and why, concentration camps, what the Star of David symbolized and how the war was resolved. After the lecture, I would ask the students to make inferences as to what they thought the book would be about based on the cover. By teaching my students about the Holocaust prior to them reading the novel, it will be easier for them to understand why Ellen is afraid of the soldiers, why Annemarie's parents must talk in code, what German soldiers are doing in Copenhagen, etc. "Copenhagen, 1943" would be written on the board as the students walked into class for the day they would begin reading Number The Stars.

For this lesson, after reading the first chapter of the novel together as a class, I would ask my students to write in a journal (that I provide) to put themselves in Annemarie's shoes, as a child in Copenhagen in 1943.

For each chapter, the students would write what they did that day as "Annemarie" and in first person narration, describe their feelings when they encountered the soldiers or other new and scary situations presented in the novel.

By having the students write in journals, I'm allowing them to really try to imagine what it would be like to be living in Copenhagen in the time of WW2. This would allow the students to feel empathetic towards not only Annemarie as a character, but towards all the people who suffered in the real war, as well as create their own opinions about discrimination.

After they had picked one, I would ask them to take out a piece of paper and write their own definition of "bravery" at the top of the page and keep in mind their definition while writing their responses.

I would require a one to two page response in which the students explained why or why not they would've done what Annemarie did. In the first paragraph, they would need to write why or why not they thought Annemarie's actions were brave. Then, I'd ask them to make connections to their own lives and respond to the scenarios with the thought process of: "Think of it as if it were your best friend's necklace that needed to be hidden or your mother who had hurt herself and needed your help. What would you have done?" For this exercise, I would have my student's
choose one of two scenarios:

A: The moment when Annemarie and Ellen hear soldiers
outside the bedroom and Annemarie hides Ellen's
Star of David necklace in her hand.

B: When Annemarie goes alone into the woods at
her Uncle Henrik's to deliver his "lunch" to him after
Mama gets hurt and is unable to deliver the
handkerchief herself.
Annemarie hides Ellen's
Star of David necklace from
the soldiers by concealing it
in her hand. INVESTIGATE:LOIS LOWRY The child of an Army dentist, Lois Lowry was well aware of the world. She was constantly moving where ever her father was stationed; born in Hawaii, moved to New York, then Pennsylvania, Tokyo, back to New York and finally ended up in Rhode Island for college.
She went to school to become a writer, as she had always dreamed to do, but dropped out once she married a naval officer and continued to move where ever he was stationed out of necessity. They would have four children to care for, which one cane imagine was extremely stressful. After forty years of marriage, the divorce happened. Eventually she would meet Martin, travel the world with him and learn to say goodbye to him as well. Martin would pass away in the spring of 2011 and Lowry would reside in Massachusetts with her cat and dog, still writing.
A recurring theme for Lois Lowry, according to her, is the need for human connections. This theme is portrayed in Number The Stars with the way Annemarie must trust the elders she knows and keep distance from those she does not. She has to trust her parents to survive, just as Ellen must trust them to keep her safely hidden from the Nazis. http://www.loislowry.com/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=67&Itemid=196 Sabotage: any underhand interference with production, work, etc., in a plant, factory, etc., as by enemy agents during wartime or by employees during a trade dispute. Ration: a fixed allowance of provisions or food, especially for soldiers or sailors or for civilians during a shortage: Imperious: domineering in a haughty manner; dictatorial; overbearing: Rueful:causing sorrow or pity; pitiable; deplorable: Deftly: dexterous; nimble; skillful; clever: Protrude: to thrust forward; cause to project. Donned: to put on or dress in. Lunged:any sudden forward movement; plunge. Devastating: tending or threatening to devastate.
2.satirical, ironic, or caustic in an effective way: VOCABULARY: Star of David: most common and universally recognized sign of Judaism and Jewish identity. The Resistance: Groups of Danish people who fought against the German Army to protect the Jews. Soldier: a person who serves in an army; a person engaged in military service. Jewish: of, pertaining to, or characteristic of the Jews or Judaism Annemarie's parents tell her the truth
about how her sister died in the Resistance. Annemarie and her family return
home after getting their Jewish friends safely out of Denmark and the war would eventually
end, two years later. TEXT TO TEXT CONNECTIONS! Anne Frank & Number The Stars A well known novel such as Anne Frank is easy to make connections with when it comes to Holocaust themed literature. Like Annemarie, Anne Frank was a young girl during WW2. The difference being, Anne was Jewish and experience the Concentration Camps herself and Annemarie did not because she was not Jewish and most importantly, she was a fictional character. Annemarie learns about the war through her parents, uncle, best friend Ellen, and her family. Annemarie learns to be brave throughout Number The Stars by helping her Jewish friends, whereas Anne Frank learns to be brave when hiding from the soldiers and being forced to live in the camps. Both stories tell about a journey, filled with obstacles, bravery, and the effects discrimination. DISCRIMINATION: Discrimination occurs throughout the entire novel whether it is spoken or not. The Holocaust was based solely on Hitler's discrimination towards the Jews. Discrimination is evident when the soldiers raid the "funeral" at Uncle Henrik's house and the soldiers laugh at Mama calling her a "foolish woman,", when Papa talks of the Nazis taking the synagogue lists of all the Jews with plans to seize and "relocate" them, and when the soldiers invade the Johansen's home, specifically asking "Who is the dark haired one?" assuming that she might be Jewish. Star of David I'd like to think that if I were put into the situation Annemarie was in, but in my own town, I'd act just as bravely as she did. I'd like to believe that I would act couragously and protect those who needed protection like Annemarie protected her friend. Courtney Allard
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