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Buddhist Uprising in Vietnam
Transcript of Buddhist Uprising in Vietnam
What lead to the uprising?
After the French rule, Ngo Dinh Diem became head of South Vietnam.
Catholics were appointed to all levels of government.
Within 9 years, the Buddhist population grew immensely.
On November 2nd, 1963 Buddhist opposition was partly responsible for the Saigon regime that overthrew and killed Diem.
The VNAF were being reckless with their jets and threatened to destroy the resistance forces in Da Nang.
General Walt fearing for civilians and U.S. lives, he armed four jet fighters to be ready in response.
When struggle movement opened fire on ARVN peace-keeping troops, in response, the VNAF launched rockets but missed hitting US marine corps position (wounding 8).
Taking counter actions, marines launch two jets to keep them in check.
Igniting a stand off that lasted two hours, until vietnamese planes returned to base.
How far are you willing to go to protect your faith?
VNAF/VNMC (Vietnamese Airforce) Gen.Ky
The Struggle Movement
Peace keepers were Gen. Walt and Chaisson, Cao (stuck in the middle at times).
Ky appointed Huynh Van Cao as new commander of Icorps. Cao was visting ARVN division headquaters, as he was leaving an angry crowd broke out, ARVN lieutenant hit Cao's helicopter.
In response, U.S. Army door gunner fired back and killed ARVN lieutenant and wounded two other soldiers.
Struggle movement condemned Americans for interference in Vietnamese internal affairs.
Meeting at the Bridge
On May 18, Vietnamese marines moved to cross a bridge over the Da Nang River. ARVN/troops of struggle movement were positioned on other side.
General Cao recieved a message saying that bridge was wired with bombs and would be blown up if they crossed.
General Cao contacted General Walt, Walt contacted Colonel Chaisson and met at the bridge.
They crossed the bridge knowing they would be blown up. In their surprise, they were not blown up since the U.S. Marines secured ends of bridge and removed ammunition.
Resignation & Refuge
General Thi resigned and fled to the U.S. which created tensions to cool down.
Saigon appointed new Icorps commander by the name of Maj. Gen. Hoang Xuan Lam, stopped focusing on the struggle movement and focused on fighting communist conflicts.
The struggle movement in Da Nang collapased.
Large crowd attended the funeral of the Vietnamese officer who was killed after the firing at General Cao's helicopter.
After that, rioters burned down U.S. Information Services Library and U.S. Consulate.
There were various other non-violent forms of protests done by Buddhists.
Buddhists were outraged at the result and at the way the U.S. intervened.