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PW ADV8 U6 TRADITION AND PROGRESS

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Jorge Vidal

on 14 September 2018

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Transcript of PW ADV8 U6 TRADITION AND PROGRESS

A08 - U6
Tradition and Progress

design by Dóri Sirály for Prezi
VOCABULARY
Report the Statements
What does the word
'progress'
mean to you?
What
traditions
are important in our country? What would happen if these traditions disappeared?
Is progress positive, negative or both?
How would you describe life in the following countries?
Peru
Japan
Mongolia
India
Tanzania
Which of these countries do you think has shown more progress in the last few years?
What do you think life is like in this area?
VOCABULARY
domestic
transition
agriculture
isolated
period
displaying
contradiction
consequences
anticipate
(adj)
(verb)
(n)
(n)
(verb)
(n)
(adj)
(n)
(n)
Do the Hazda people raise animals?

How do they survive?

How do they make money?

What is threatening their way of life?
1. to tell someone what he says isn't true.
2. to keep one person or thing separate from another.
3. the act of saying or showing that you do not want something or someone.
4. relating to agriculture.
5. an arrangement of things for people to view.
6. having information that disagrees with other information.
7. as a result of.
8. happening from time to time.
9. the state of being separated from others.
10. relating to a country
agricultural
(adj)
rejection
(n)
periodic
(adj)
isolation
(n)
isolate
(v)
domestic
(adj)
display
(n)
contradictory
(adj)
contradict
(v)
consequently
(adv)
(domestic)
(isolation)
(periodic)
(consequently)
(contradictory)
(display)
(agricultural)
(rejection)
(isolate)
(contradict)
Have you ever done something that had
consequences
you did not expect? Explain the situation
Have you ever experienced a
rejection
such as not getting a job you wanted? Explain what happened.
Do you think it is rude to
contradict
your parents, teachers or other people who have authority? What do you say if you disagree with their ideas?
BHUTAN
1. Where is Bhutan located? Is it a large or small country?
2. What image do you see on Bhutan's flag? What do you think it means?
3. Bhutan is trying to measure its
Gross National Happiness
. What do you think this phrase means?
USING FILLERS
It is a word or phrase that a speaker uses to signal that he/she has paused to think but has not finished speaking yet.
..umm..
..oh, you know...
...hang on...
...it's on the tip of my tongue...
...let me think...
...just a moment...
...how should I put it...
...oh, what's the word...
FORMAL
INFORMAL
With your groups take turns answering the questions.
Use
fillers
to allow yourself extra time to answer.
1. Where did you go on your last vacation?
2. What was your favorite TV show when you were a child?
3. What did you have for dinner last night?
4. Who was your favorite teacher?
5. Who was the last person you danced with?
6. What was the title of the last book you read?
REMEMBER TO ELABORATE ON YOUR ANSWERS
+ ADD YOUR OWN QUESTION
BUZZWORDS
A word or expression that has become common in a particular field and is being use often in by the media.
The "it" factor
YOLO
Advertainment
Phablet
Tri-ti-tasking
The blogosphere
Brick-and-mortar
climate change
go green

Think outside the box
Downsizing
Goal Digger
Viewability
Selfie
Freemium
Take turns explaining the following buzzwords.
You might use
fillers
when explaining your ideas.
verb
+

GERUND
In English if you want a verb to be followed by another action you must use a
gerund
or an
infinitive
.
There are certain verbs that can only be followed by one or the other.
These verbs can only be
MEMORIZED
admit
avoid
appreciate
be used to
defend
deny
enjoy
look forward to
quit
risk
She admitted to cheat on the test.
The kids enjoy to play outdoors.
I look forward to travel to Paris
She admitted
cheating
on the test.
I look forward to
traveling
to Paris.
The kids enjoy
playing
outdoors
Select
5
of the verbs followed by
gerunds
to write sentences about your own feelings or experiences.
I enjoy giving chocolate to my friends on Valentine's Day, but I hate chocolate myself.
PERU's
Gross National Happiness
Good Government
Cultural Preservation
Environmental Protection
Sustainable Development
How would you measure Peru's Gross National Happiness?
1.
Do you regret __________ done that?

2.
The job will involve __________ the ceilings.

3.
Mary enjoys __________ tennis with her friends.

4.
Paul imagines __________ a Ferrari one day.

5.
I don't mind __________to the shop if you give me some money.
6.
Julie practiced __________ English last night. She is learning quickly.

7.
He denies__________the cakes even though it is obvious that he took them.

8.
Keith is considering __________ another English book.

9.
John and Susan finished __________on their homework at 6 o'clock.

10.
Anne's responsibilities include __________ to the hotel guests in English.
drive
speak
paint
play
take
speak
work
go
buy
have
speaking

having
painting
playing
driving
going
speaking
taking
buying
working
a farm silo
FARM RESTORATION
epiphany
erosion
legacy
marginal
susceptible to
took its toll
the natural processes by which materials is worn away from the earth's surface.
money or property given away by a predecessor or ancestor.
to cause harm or suffering.
a sudden insight or intuitive understanding.
considered insignificant, minor or unimportant.
easily affected or influenced
enable
federal
found
grant
highlight
objective
perspective
portion
regain
undertake

(verb)
(verb)
(noun)
(noun)
(noun)
(verb)
(verb)
(verb)
(adj)
(verb)
They
make it possible for
people to study their language by giving them recording devices.
Governments sometimes create
national
policies that tell citizens to speak only one language.
National Geographic helped
establish
a project to save the world's most unique languages.
They
give
access to the recordings, so people can learn the language and keep it alive.
Only a small
part
of people can speak the native language and most of them are over 70 years old.
National Geographic decided to
accept and take responsibility

of
the task of saving these languages.
Their
goal
is to help people keep their cultures alive.
From a scientist's
viewpoint
this work is very important.

Many things should be done to help groups
recover
dying languages.
They also make dictionaries and
focus attention on
how people can teach their language to others.
National Geographic helped
establish
a project to save the world's most unique languages.
Only a small
part
of people can speak the native language and most of them are over 70 years old.
Governments sometimes create
national
policies that tell citizens to speak only one language.
National Geographic decided to
accept and take responsibility

of
the task of saving these languages.
Their
goal
is to help people keep their cultures alive.
From a scientist's
viewpoint
this work is very important.
Many things should be done to help groups
recover
dying languages.
They

make it possible for

people to study their language by giving them recording devices.
They also make dictionaries and
focus attention on
how people can teach their language to others.
They
give
access to the recordings, so people can learn the language and keep it alive.
(grant)
(highlight)
(enable)
(regain)
(perspective)
(objective)
(undertake)
(federal)
(portion)
(found)
Have you heard of any of these
Native American Groups
? What do you know about them?
Nez Perce
Flathead
Kootenai
Apache
Navajo
Sioux
Ojibwa
1.
Describe the Native American relationship with nature. Does your culture have any traditions or beliefs related to nature?
2.
The Native Americans are removing animals from the Big Cypress Swamp that were not there originally. How do you think these animals got into the swamp?
PRONUNCIATION
When a word ends with a
consonant sound
and the next word starts with a
vowel sound
they are linked so the sound like
ONE
word.
He want
s a
glas
s o
f apple juice.

Jus
t a
moment, please

Do you ha
ve a
n a
ppointment?
EXPRESSING LACK OF KNOWLEDGE
TO EXPRESS THAT A CERTAIN FACT OR PIECE OF INFORMATION IS NEW TO YOU.
I HAD NO IDEA (THAT)...
I NEVER KNEW (THAT)...
I DIDN'T REALIZE (THAT)...
I WASN'T AWARE (THAT)...
Tell your groups 3 facts about you that you think they didn't know before.
verb +
OBJECT

+

INFINITIVE
Laura to John:
You should not stay up all night.
Laura advised
John
not

to stay
up all night.
REPORT
Laura advised
John

not

to stay
up all night.
Lucy to Jess:
Please come to dinner tomorrow.
REPORT
Lucy invited
Jess

to come
to dinner tomorrow.
Lucy invited
her

to come
to dinner tomorrow.
Some verbs can be followed by an object and an infinitive. These are called 'reporting verbs'
verb +
OBJECT

+

INFINITIVE
invite
order
permit
persuade
remind
tell
warn
advise
allow
ask
encourage
forbid
force
verb +
OBJECT

+
not
+

INFINITIVE
Affirmative
Negative
1. Do you mind ________ for me? (wait)
2. Will you be able _________ me a lift tomorrow? (give)
3. Don't you remember __________ me that yesterday? (tell)
4. You're not allowed ____________ here. (park)
5. I learned ____________ English when I was three. (speak)
6. I like __________ my friends on the weekend. (meet)
7. Would you prefer ________ in a town or city? (live)
8. I look forward to __________ you again. (see)
9. I enjoy __________ time at home (spend)
10. You need to practice _________ English every day if you want ___________. (speak / improve)
GERUND

or

INFINITIVE
to improve
speaking
spending
seeing
to live
meeting
/
to meet
to speak
to park
telling
to give
waiting
Do you know any language that is no longer spoken?
What happens when a language becomes extinct?
Is language an important part of a community? Why?
Watch the video and answer the following questions:
What's the video about?
How has this village changed?
Remember to write as many details as possible
Checking
Comprehension
What's another name for Buthan?
What type of government did it have in the past?
When did Bhutan get TV?
What was one negative effect of the isolation?
What are two positive effects of opening up the country?
Watch this video and take notes.
What's the video about?
How are locals trained? Why?
What's the project's principal objective?
Now, answer the following questions...
Now...
Share at least 2 interesting facts from the video. Use your notes.
What do you know about native american people?
Full transcript