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The 12 Apostles

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Adam Mahmoud

on 24 October 2014

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Transcript of The 12 Apostles

The 12 Apostles
Location
The 12 Apostles are located of the shore of Port Campbell which is after Lorne but before Apollo Bay,if coming from Melbourne CBD.

The exact coordinates and location ARE: 38° 39′ 57″ S, 143° 6′ 16″ E. Great Ocean Rd, Port Campbell, Victoria 3269 VIC.

The 12 Apostles are accessible by car approximately 4 hours along the Great Ocean Road from Melbourne CBD, another option is viewing the Apostles by helicopter tour. There are many different companies that all offer a different experience. There are many other attractions nearby to the Apostles that include The Otway Fly Treetop Adventures, Apollo Bay Information Centre, Twelve Apostles Visitor Facility and many restaurants and cafes.
Climate
Description
How & when they were formed
Impact of human activity
Additional Facts
The 12 Apostles are large stacks composed of limestone. The Twelve Apostles once stood tall but now as time goes on natural erosion has occurred and there are only eight Apostles still standing. The most recent collapse was in 2002.

2002 before the collapse
Although humans only play a minimal role on the damage that the 12 Apostles experience the area is still being damaged. We may not notice but when we walk we are weakening, eroding and dislodging plants and soil, Which in the long term can cause collapses and erosion.
· The Twelve Apostles do not have twelve rocks there are only eight, but in the
future it is likely to form more “Apostles” from other land.

· The cliff is still being eroded at a rate of 2cm each year.

· The ocean the Twelve Apostles sit in is 20.327 million square kilometRES.

·The Twelve Apostles Marine Park covers 17 kilometers of the coastline.

· About 1.7 million people visit the Twelve Apostles each year.

· There have been nine rock stacks but now there are only eight.

· At sunrise and sunset the rocks turn into colors of sandy yellow and orange
under a full sun.

The 12 Apostles experience Summer during the months of December, January and February. This is the best time to visit as the temperature averages at 30 degrees Celsius with clear skies. During Autumn the average temperature is generally 20 degrees Celcius with 65 mm of rainfall. Winter has the highest rainfall levels with an average of 75mm, and temperatures at 17 degrees Celsius. In Spring the rainfall is very minimal and temperatures reaching mid 20's.
The 12 Apostles were formed 20 million years ago by the severe conditions of the Southern Ocean. gradually caves in the cliff face which then developed into arches, then the arches collapsed and limestone stacks were left behind.

Landform Description
Why are is it called the 12 Apostles?

The 12 Apostles were known as the "Sow & Piglets" because the Sow was Mutton Bird Island, which stands at the mouth of Loch Ard Gorge, and her Piglets were the 12 Apostles. In 1922 they were renamed. "The Apostles" for tourism and simplicity. Although they were named "The Apostles", they became known as "The 12 Apostles", despite only ever having 9. This is thought to be because of biblical origins.

How many people visit the 12 Apostles each year?
The 12 Apostles pull in 1.7 million tourists every year, scattered from all over the world.

What is the future of the Apostles?
The 12 Apostles are eroding at a rate of 2cm per year, but the remaining cliff face is likely to go through the same process that made the first Apostles, thus creating more limestone stacks.

What is being done to protect them?
The Apostles are protected by the Twelve Apostles Marine National Park which covers 7500ha and runs along 17km of stunning coastline, for the protection of the marine environment, a number of activities are prohibited: No fishing, netting, spearing, taking or killing of marine life. All methods of fishing, from the shore or the sea, are prohibited.
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