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Christianity

World Religions
by

Quinten Williams

on 19 February 2014

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Transcript of Christianity

Christian Branches
Major Divisions Events
Pauline Christianity:Was the first know split that was for Gentiles not Jews, Roman Empire recognizes the religion and then adopts it as official language (later renamed Roman Catholic)
1054 AD The Roman Empire split and Christianity split into Western Roman Catholic and Eastern Orthodox Church
1517 the Protestant Reformation was sparked my Martin Luther with the 95 Thesis
1536 King Henry VIII broke off the Catholic faith to form the Anglican church
Protestants
Practice of Christianity
Who
Beginning of the Religion
Division of Christianity
Major Holidays of Christianity
40
days prior to
Easter
First day of Lent
, practice of
rubbing ashes
on one's

forehead
in the sign of a
cross
Attending Church Services
Christians come to church to
kneel
, to
pray
, and to
ask God’s forgiveness
, surrounded by other sinners
Christianity
Basic Ideas and Tenants
There is only one God
The Founder was Jesus of Nazareth, a Jewish carpenter.
Founded in 33 A.D
The Founding place was Palestine.
Lent
Jesus is the son of God
God is in three parts AKA Trinity
Father, Son, and Holy Spirit
Christians believe that the bible is God's word, a holy book
Palm Sunday
Good Friday
Easter
Protestants believe that the old testament has 39 books
Eastern Orthodox Christians believe that old testament 51 books
Catholics believe that the old testament has 46 books
Protestants believe
Protestants believe there are 39 books in the Old Testament
Catholics believe there are 46 books in the Old Testament
Christianity in the beginning
Advent
Eastern Orthodox Christians believe there are 51 books in the Old Testament

1. Pride
2. Greed
3. Lust
4. Envy
5. Gluttony
6. Anger
7. Sloth
SEVEN DEADLY SINS
Christmas
Symbols of Christianity
The Disciple Simon Peter taught and formed a Jewish Christian movement which is known as the original form of Christianity
Professions:
Priest; bishop; archbishop; patriarch;
pope; pastor; minister; preacher; deacon

House of worship:
Church, chapel, cathedral, basilica, meeting hall
Ash Wednesday
Begins
40 days before Easter
Ash Wednesday, Good Friday, and all Fridays
during Lent are considered
fasting days
Catholics
over the age of
14
are to
refrain from eating meat
, on
Ash Wednesday
and Good Friday, those between the ages of
18
and
59
are to
eat only one full meal and two smaller and aren't to eat between meals
Orthodox Christians
believe that
regular fasting
is important for
spiritual growth
. They can
only eat fish
on the feasts of the
Annunciation (March 25)
and
Palm Sunday
Most
Protestants
show
less significance
toward the season
How Many and Where
Distinctive Practices
Sunday before Easter
Christians
celebrate joyously
during worship services
Churches spread

palm branches
in
front of the sanctuary
I acknowledge I am a sinner in need of a Savior

I believe in my heart that God raised Jesus from the dead

I confess Jesus as my Lord and my God

I receive Jesus as my Savior forever

Friday before Easter
Protestant churches sometimes hold
services between noon and 3:00pm
to commemorate
Jesus' hours
on the
cross
Catholics often
remove everything
from the
altar
and
kiss the crucifix
as an expression of
worship
Some churches even hold a
Service of Darkness
in which
candles are extinguished
until people are
left sitting in total darkness
, as a reminder of the
darkness that covered the earth after Jesus died
How to become a Christian
2.3 billion people
Catholic Denominations
Fruits of the Spirit
First Sunday after
the

first full moon after

March 21
Commemorates the
resurrection of Jesus Christ
Most Christians do Easter egg hunts for children and usually attend church services
1. Love
2. Joy
3. Peace
4. Forbearance
5. Kindness
6. Goodness
7. Faithfulness
8. Gentleness
9. Self-control
Roman Catholic
Greek Orthodox
Eastern Orthodox
Protestant Major Denominations
Jesus/God doesn't want you to go to hell
Jesus forgives sins
Period marked by the
four Sundays before Christmas
Celebratory occasion in the
Western Church
Orthodox Church
has tended to observe in a more
reflective, somber manner
The lighting of the
Advent wreath
is a circle of evergreens with four candles, three of which are usually violet purple and the fourth colored rose red or pink. One of the
purple candles
is lit during the service on the
first Sunday (hope)
and another purple one the
next Sunday (love)
. On the
third

Sunday (joy)
, the rose-colored candle is lit, and the last purple candle on the
final Sunday (peace) before Christmas
. Some wreaths include a
white candle
in the center
(purify and holiness of Christ)
, which Christians
light on Christmas day
.
Anglican
Episcopal
Lutheran
Methodist
Baptist
Presbyterian
December 25
Traditional anniversary of the
birth of Christ
Gift giving, tree decorations, light hanging, feasting, Santa Claus, and attend to church services
Attend church and pray
Protestant Rituals and Practices
Catholic and Orthodox Practices
Communion
19 And he took bread, gave thanks and broke it, and gave it to them, saying,
“This is my body given for you; do this in remembrance of me.”

20 In the same way, after the supper he took the cup, saying, “This cup is the new covenant in my blood, which is poured out for you.

The Altar Call (Evangelical)
Speaking in Tongues (Pentecostal)
Spirit-Led Worship (Quaker)
General Christian practices


Canonization and Veneration of Saints
Catechisms of the Catholic Church
Catholic Mass
Confession
Mary, mother of Jesus
Holy Orders
Holy Water

Icons
Last Rites
Monasticism
Ordination in the Catholic Church
Papacy
Penance
Pilgrimage
Praying the Rosary
The Way (or Stations) of the Cross
Full transcript