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How does Marjane Satrapi convey emotion and meaning through
Transcript of How does Marjane Satrapi convey emotion and meaning through
The role of humour
Emphasis political statements against the regime and the dictate of her surroundings.
Often jokes that would be frowned upon in the regime – used as a protest against the order
It’s a cultural characteristic. Iranians use humour to ease distress.
Satrapi's use of simplicity and the different attempts of humour throughout Persepolis draw attention to the limits of expression and representation, especially when dealing with those such as Marjane who experienced horror and suffering that resist fully admitting the troubles from these experiences.
“I didn’t understand American jokes at first and wondered why people were laughing at what I thought were crap jokes,” Satrapi said. “But nobody laughed at my jokes either, and it wasn’t until I understood American jokes that I really felt connected to the people.”
"We can only feel sorry for ourselves when our misfortunes are still supportable...once this limit is crossed, the only way to bear the unbearable is to laugh at it
Overpowering crowd against
the teacher mirrors the
demonstrations against the
Angles change as
the argument develops
Typical Iranian humour
Fusion of Iranian humour
and Western humour
Emotionally connects the reader to the persona. It emphasises the political message that even the education is being affected.
2009 elections - said to have been rigged
“Art Spiegelman [author of the Holocaust fable Maus] was first. And when I read him I thought “It’s possible to tell a story and make a point this way””
“I wanted people in other countries to read Persepolis, to see that I grew up just as other children do”
"Why I wrote Persepolis"
“We’d see pieces about Iran on television, but they didn’t represent my experience at all. I had to keep saying “no, it’s not like that there” I’ve been justifying why it isn’t negative to be Iranian for almost twenty years”
- Marjane Satrapi "Why I wrote Persepolis"
"One important aspect of this shift towards humour was that the subversive power of pictorial satire was felt for the first time. Occasionally, things could get dangerous, as artists used the sheets to say things about royalty and politicians that they knew they could not get away with in the written word. "
- Roger Sabin, lecturer at Central St. Martins in London
She is a foreigner in her own native country
She resorts to humour to relieve feelings of inadequacy, through this path, develops understanding of Iranian culture.
Humourous comments resort to conflict between two different cultures.
“I use humor to fight cynicism. We cry for the same reasons, but we don’t always laugh for the same reasons. To understand why someone is laughing, you really have to understand their spirit in order to connect to them.”
Marjane is unaware of the happenings to her environment therefore she appears much more optimistic.
Humor is used to cope with wartime and the horrors taking place as a result of political turmoil
- Parents support Marxism but young Marjane wants to play monopoly
Her perception is childlike and shows a dumbfounded response.
Marjane self-ridicules her innocence which acts as a barrier from reality.
The new laws and regulations don't make sense to them, so they show disobedience which the reader finds humourous.
Section 1 - The Youth of Marjane in Iran
Like any other teen attempts to win over classmates by undermining authority and insulting the teacher, and with sarcasm distinguishes difference between Iranian and Austrian teachers.
3rd Section - Returning to Iran
Marjane comes to terms with the ways in which the political turmoil has affected herself and her family.
The writing style matures towards the end of the novel. The humour sides irony more than 'entertaining' humour
2nd Section - Adapting to Viene
Absurdity of the police and wit of Marjane clash.
Her western culture is revealed through this demonstration.