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Bromine

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by

Zach Gustinger

on 6 December 2013

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Transcript of Bromine

Bromine

Bromine
Br
Atomic Number: 35
Atomic Mass: 79.904 amu
Number of protons/electrons: 35
Number of Neutrons: 45
Number of energy levels:4
1st energy level-2 electrons
2nd energy level- 8 electrons
3rd energy level- 18 electrons
4th energy level- 7 electrons
Electron configuration: 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 4s2 3d10
Characteristics
Uses of bromine
- Water Purification
- Agriculture
- Cars
- Healthcare
- Photography
- Used to be in Gatorade, Pepsi, and other sodas
- Flame retardant
Origins
Date of discovery: 1826
Discoverer: Antoine J. Balard
Name of origin: Greek word bromos (stench)
Obtained from Sea water
Cost: $0.05 per gram
Melting Point: 19.04 F

Boiling Point: 137.809 F

Density at 293 K: 3.119 g/cm3

Density at 293 K: 3.119 g/cm3

Color: Red
Appearance
Bromine is a poisonous, deep-red, oily liquid with a strong smell. It is corrosive and poisonous to skin. It can be extracted from Sea water and natural brines. It is used in industries to make fuels and additives, insecticides and pharmaceuticals, and to make bromide salts for photography. Brominated substances are important ingredients of many over-the-counter and prescription drugs.
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