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Drug Summary 2015

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Nicole Holehan

on 27 October 2015

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Transcript of Drug Summary 2015

Classification Summary
(body slows down)
Bath Salts (4-6 hours)

Caffeine and Alcohol
Heroin (4-6 hours)
Classification: Depressant or Opioid
Schedule I Drug
Meth (12-20 hours)
Stress Management Techniques
Driving Under the Influence

1/3 of all traffic deaths among driver or non-occupant youths
ages 15-20 are alcohol related.

Refuse to take a breathalyzer?
$500 fine and license revoked

(Driving While Ability Impaired)
BAC = .05<.08

(Driving While Intoxicated)
BAC = .08+

Zero Tolerance Law:
If a person is under 21 years of age
and has a BAC of .02-.07
(Why not 0?)

BAC = Blood Alcohol Concentration

Drug Summary
Naloxone Injection: Opioid Antagonist
"The Second Chance Drug"
Classification: Stimulant
Schedule II Drug
Abusing Caffeine
#1 Drug Abused in the WORLD
*Dizziness, fainting, heart palpitations, caffeine poisoning, headaches,
fatigue, diminished concentration, anxiety, insomnia, shaking, nausea,
and high blood pressure*

Mixing "energy drinks" with alcohol:
*Cardiac Arrest, Tremors, Nausea: "Upper and Downer"
*Allowing users to drink more alcohol than they normally would and putting them at a greater risk for
alcohol poisoning
Stimulant and Depressant
(body speeds up)
PCP, LSD (Acid), Shrooms

Steroids: Anabolic, Corticosteroids
Inhalants: Gasoline, Spray paint etc.
Synthetics:Bath Salts, K2 Spice, Ecstasy
Schedule 1
Street names: Cloud Nine, Drone, Pure Ivory,White Lightning

Bath Salts are always changing chemically. With each change, the drug becomes more violent and effects become impossible to predict.

How is it used?
Ingested by sniffing/snorting. They can also be taken orally, smoked, or put into a solution and injected into veins.

Short-term effects: Very severe paranoia that can sometimes cause users to harm themselves or others., suicidal thoughts, agitation, combative/violent behavior, confusion, hallucinations/psychosis, increased heart rate, hypertension, chest pain, death or serious injury.

The speed of onset is 15 minutes, while the length of the high from these drugs is 4-6 hours.

Long-term effects:
What's the Schedule?
Substances are placed in their respective schedules based on:
1. Currently accepted medical use in treatment in the United States
2. Their relative abuse potential
3. Likelihood of causing dependence when abused
Schedule I
- Substances have no currently accepted medical a lack of accepted safety for use under medical supervision, and a
potential for abuse.
Schedule V
- Substances have a low potential for abuse and consist primarily of preparations
containing limited quantities of certain narcotics.
Alcohol, Tobacco, Caffeine, Inhalants
Not a Scheduled Substance...
Gateway Drugs
1. Alcohol
2. Inhalants
3. Marijuana
4. Nicotine
Tolerance: is when a user has to increase the amount of drug they use to experience the same high as the previous doses

Withdrawal: is a reaction the body can have if a person suddenly stops using drugs or alcohol. Symptoms may include body aches, mood swings, depression, tremors, sweating, and fatigue.

Addiction: is when an individual finds it hard to stop using tobacco despite the knowledge about the health hazards of tobacco use.

Invented in 1960s
"Battery operated nicotine inhalers"
containing e-liquid:
chemical propylene glycol along with nicotine, flavoring and other additives
Are they healthier?
Are they cheaper?
Are they more popular?

Kits: $30-$100
Replacement cartridges $600 (compared to $1000+ for regular cigarettes)
Unregulated. Unsure.
A Centers for Disease Control and Prevention study found nearly 1.8 million young people had tried e-cigarettes and the number of U.S. middle and high school students e-smokers
between 2011 and 2012.
CNS = Central Nervous System
5+ drinks
in about
2 hours

4+ drinks
in about
2 hours
Prescription Drugs: The New Gateway Drug
Other Information:

"Trap Dooring" - injecting heroin over a scabbed over wound

Collapsed veins - users will inject between toes/fingers

Krokodil-opioid derivative of codeine
What drug is made using these products?
Crack is to Cocaine as Espresso is to Coffee
Schedule II Drug - Stimulant
Pharm Parties/Trail Mix Parties
I-STOP - Internet System for Tracking Over-Prescribing Act
******** Prescription Drug overdoses have surpassed Cocaine & Heroin overdoses combined***
1. Possession of someone's prescription
2. Intentions of selling prescription drugs
Marijuana - Schedule I Drug
1960's: THC Levels = 1%
Today: THC Levels = 10-15%

Marijuana Today: Laced with heroin, cocaine, synthetics
Sudden Sniffing Syndrome - First, 10th, or 11,000th time
Zombie Drug - Superhuman strength,
dilated pupils (saucers)

No "quality control"

Nicotine - the addictive drug in cigarettes
Stimulant -
*So why does it "calm" people down?
Think of how you feel when you crave food and can't have it. You may feel tense and angry. Once you get that food, you feel happy. Same goes for someone addicted to nicotine. They feel "relaxed" when the craving is satisfied.

*Addiction & the release of dopamine
scarring of the liver and poor liver function. It is the final phase of chronic liver disease.
When methamphetamine is injected or taken by mouth, the effects may last 6 to 8 hours. When it is smoked, the effects can last 10 to 12 hours.
Full transcript