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Design Movements

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RM Knight

on 15 May 2014

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Transcript of Design Movements

Memphis Group founded: 1980s
Key Designers: Ettoire Sottsass, Danny Lane
Post Modernism and the Memphis Group
Dates: 1920 - 1939
Key Designers: Hector Guimard, Clarice Cliff
Art Deco
Approximate Dates: 1890-1914
Key Designers: Louis Comfort Tiffany (Tiffany glass), Charles Rennie Mackintosh

Art Nouveau
Dates: 1930s
Key Designers: Raymond Loewy, Walter Dorwin Teague
Design Movements
Dates: Late 1940s -1970
Key Designers: Burrage and Boyd Ltd.
Post war design
Association set up: 1907
Key Designers: Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, Le Corbusier, Walter Gropius
Deutsche Werkbund
Key Designers: Kenneth Grange, career spanned 50 years
British Industrial Design
Bauhaus founded in: 1920s
Key Designers: Walter Gropius (founder), Wassily Kandinsky, Ludwig Mies van der Rohe
Modernism and the Bauhaus
The Arts and Crafts Movement
Dates: 1940s - 1951
Key Designers: Gordon Russel
Utility Furniture
Dates: Now!
Key Designers: Norman Foster, James Dyson, Alessi
Twenty-first-century design
Reached its height between 1890 & 1910
Key designers: William Morris
"Simple and functional"
Natural materials
Inspired by nature
Return of the skilled craftsman
"New Art"
Free-flowing, organic lines and shapes
Popular both in Europe and America
An association set up in Germany
Brought together arts, crafts, industry, business and education
Standardisation and machine manufacture
Movement heavily influenced by Deutsche Werkbund
Bauhaus art and design school led the way
"Form follows function"
"Everyday objects for everyday people"
"Products for a machine age"
"Geometrically pure forms"
Affected all areas of design
Brought together several styles and movements of the early 20th century
"Ultra modern, functional and elegant
Geometric shapes
Stepped block forms
Chevron patterns
Sunburst motifs
Inspired by the streamlining of vehicles and aircraft
Moved to everyday products
Coincided with advancements in materials and manufacturing
Developed to make the most of scarce timber supplies
Well made and long lasting
Resembled arts and crafts, minus surface decoration
Manufactured by over 600 companies
Focus turned from manufacturing for the war to the domestic market
Used many of the advancements in materials and electronics made during the war
Developed into bright, colourful products in line with 'youth culture'
Interest in science and space lead to developments into psychedelic designs and patters
Careful consideration for function and useability
"Products should be pleasurable to use as well as utilising modern materials and manufacturing processes"
Aesthetics are priority, not function
Designed to appeal to popular consumerism
Borrowed and mixed styles from many periods
Statement pieces
Continuously advancing technologies have resulted in a quickly developing design market
'Blobjects' are products that take on an almost amoeba form
Human characteristcs are used to "soften the interface" of modern designs (anthropomorphism)
Advancements in microelectronics
Exercise 1

Study the picture of the Carlton Room Divider, design by Memphis Group founder Ettoire Sottsass.
Explain how its design was influenced by the Post Modersnist principles.
You should make reference to materials, construction method, function and aesthetics.
Exercise 2

Take a look at this simple chair.
Select a design movement and discuss how this chair would be designed to fit the principles of that movement.
Prepare some quick initial idea sketches to demonstrate this.
Full transcript