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Daily Life Changing, One Glove At a Time

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MacKenzie McGill

on 12 December 2013

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Transcript of Daily Life Changing, One Glove At a Time

Daily Life Changing, One Glove At a Time
By: MacKenzie McGill

Daily Life
Baseball originally started by accident in a bar. It was played indoors, with a mush ball, and players fielded with their hands.

When players started getting hand injuries, they wore a thin piece leather around their palm to help their injuries heal.

Then it evolved into a dirt field and the ball got smaller and harder. The invention of the baseball glove allowed for players to be stronger and hit the ball further and harder. It then became necessary to have protection over your hands to protect them from getting hurt. This made the game expand to a 300+ foot field to the huge professional stadiums we have today.

Impact On Present Day
The intended consequences of the baseball glove was to protect players’ hands from getting hurt. Ultimately advancing them game while the players got stronger.
Environmental Impact
The baseball glove has impacted the environment because of the need for stadiums and them being built in big cities as well as rural areas. The manufacturing process to make the equipment to play baseball also is bad for the environment and creates pollution in the air we breathe.
Becoming Popular
The glove advanced the game and made it more complex. This made it more interesting to watch and eventually converted into a spectator sport. The baseball glove also made baseball more popular and it made baseball more involved in people’s daily life.
Today, the baseball glove is an everyday tool for many people. Baseball has become a game that people love to play and the glove has become a necessity in their life.
Unintended Consequences &
Political Impact
An unintended consequence of the baseball glove was the use of illegal substances by players. They were so willing to be stronger, faster, and recover quicker, players went at all costs to make themselves better no matter what they had to do. There became a MLB rule banning drugs and suspending players as their drug tests came back positive. However, this did not stop many players. As the rule has become more well known, players get looked down upon by fans and teammates for using and they become big scandals, all starting with the baseball glove.
Wearing a glove in baseball has not always been a part of the game. Players would catch the ball with their bare hand because of the thrill and danger, and risk serious injury. The first glove was not created as a tool but to knock the ball to the ground or as a leather pillow to aid a hand recovering from an injury. In the 1870’s players wore light gloves with the fingers cut out but tried to hide it because it was not something you wore to play baseball back then. As players realized how pieces of leather strung into a pad for the hand could help them to be a more successful baseball player, the National League and American Association created a rule that catchers and first baseman could wear a glove of any size, shape, or weight, and all other players could wear a glove ten ounces or less and not over fourteen inches in circumference. This discovery not only changed the rules of the game, but the whole dynamic and mentality of the players.
One of the earliest baseball glove manufacturers was New Hampshire-based Draper & Maynard in 1883. Very few people lived in this city and Arthur Irwin lived there and received the first padded glove from that manufacturer.
New Hampshire
The city in New Hampshire where the first glove manufacturer was located effected the development of the invention because the word of the glove traveled fast through the small town. The first people to buy them supported the major league players using them at the time and the word traveled fast and spread throughout the state and the rest of the United States. The amateur players wanted to be like the professional players so the trend started of playing baseball and the fans took it from there and spread it to make the game of baseball being played today.
The culture was changing in the states because of the increasing popularity in baseball and the baseball glove being discovered. The public was accepting baseball as America's pastime and bringing it into their daily lives. Baseball stadiums were being built and it was changing the geography of many states in the US. Empty lots were becoming bright, loud, structures which attracted many people along with commotion and traffic. New roads were being built for easier access and massive parking lots were a necessity for these events. Economically, an average stadium costs millions of dollars to build and keep us as well as bringing in thousands of paying customers to every event. People were becoming more into watching baseball and would pay their hard earned money to go sit at a baseball stadium to watch a professional game.
Politics, Culture, Geography, Economy
Doug Allison
Allison was one of the first baseball players to play with any padding on their hands. He is known to be the first player to use a glove and set the trend for the rest. He was born July 12, 1846 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania and died December 19, 1916 in Washington, D.C.
Personal Driving Forces
Doug Allison was the first catcher to stand behind the batter when the pitch was being thrown and the first player to use a glove. Allison affected the game of baseball majorly by committing to those two ideas. He changed the idea that it was not too dangerous to stand behind the batter which helped him throw out a runner trying to steal second base, which was never done before. He also influenced players to wear protective gear such as gloves. He was the first player to wear a leather glove and he started the trend that other player then caught onto.
Major Contributions
Doug Allison was the first player in Major League Baseball to wear any kind of protective gear on his hands during games. It started out with just a thin piece of leather with finger cut outs and an open circle on the back of the hand. However this lead to other athletes playing baseball realize how much safer this could make the game and they started to buy in. As more players wanted to get a glove, they made restrictions and standards of how big and heavy the glove could be for different position players. Players thought any type of glove was a sign of weakness so the earliest players that wore gloves had thin, nude-colored gloves so it was not obvious. Overall, Doug Allison started he trend that it was acceptable in major league baseball to wear a leather glove on your hand. Allison played on many different teams and was able to bring his bright idea of safety and cushion along with him around the United States.
As more players started to realize how wearing small leather gloves could prevent serious hand injuries, they started excepting the idea of gloves becoming part of baseball. In the 1930's a rule was made allowing certain positions, catcher and first base, to use gloves. As players and fans adjusted to the big change, then position players could also use a glove during competition. However, there were dimension and weight standards the players had to follow.
Big Changes
Technology Advancements
Players got stronger so the gloves needed to as well. Fingers were added to the early piece of leather design, then a web was added, then all the fingers were tied together to make a tight and firm design. As the glove has evolved, the leather used has gotten to be better quality. The two types of leather used for gloves are cow and kangaroo hyde. The baseball glove was then patented in 1939 and became the new trend. With the patent came standards, for the producers and players. There were specific dimensions to follow when being made as well as each position had limits as to how big and how heavy of a glove they could use in competition.
Gloves Changing Architecture
As the invention of gloves got more advanced, it allowed for players to throw harder and hit the ball farther. It then effected the rules of baseball like the length of bases and pitcher mound, distance of fences, and how many players could be on the field at once. These changes molded the field into what is it today. It started as a dirt lot and has evolved into huge million dollar stadiums.
Al Spaulding
Al Spaulding was a Major League Baseball player as well as a major influence in the rise in popularity of the baseball glove. The Spaulding brothers were two of the greatest influences in creating the baseball-glove-using trend.
In 1877, Al Spaulding created the first baseball glove. He was born on September 2, 1850, in Byron, Illinois. He died in San Diego, California on September 9, 1915. He was drafted to the Chicago White Stockings in 1876. Meanwhile Al and his brother started a sporting goods store in Chicago. They sold gloves there so Spaulding began to use a glove to protect his catching hand. Al Spaulding was a baseball star so wearing a glove was good for business.
In 1871, Albert Spaulding joined the Boston Red Stockings (current Atlanta Braves) then joined the Chicago White Stockings and then retired after being very successful on both teams. Him and his brother then opened a sporting goods store. Alfred James Reach sold his sporting goods store, Reach Sporting Goods, to the Spaulding brothers which was one of the first manufactures of baseball gloves. Then, George Rawlings made improvements to the baseball glove. In 1885, the use of padding in the fingers, thumb, and the palm of the gloves for the prevention of the bruising of the hands when catching the ball was discovered and brought to player attention by Mr. Rawlings.
Spaulding Brothers
The First Glove
Cultural Aspect and Values Changing
The values of fans how people viewed players wearing gloves influenced the rise in popularity. Gloves were worn by few players but ridiculed for being “un-manly” and weak. Some would wear nude colored leather to try and blend in with the skin. In the 1880’s that all changed. Players were finally accepting of themselves and other players wearing gloves. The more people saw gloves in sporting goods stores (like the Spaulding brothers and Reach Sporting Goods), the more advantages they saw to having players wear them. People started to understand that they would protect them from injuries and could speed up the game to make it more fun and interesting. Players and fans realized it was a win-win deal for everyone!
The main material to produce a glove is leather. The leather manufacturing process is divided into three fundamental sub-processes: preparatory stages, tanning, and crusting. Leather is usually cow rawhide and skin. So, in order to make a glove, you need to either raise cattle or find someone to buy from that does. Then you need to grow feed and harvest food for the cattle. You also need to pay people to butcher the cattle. Believe it or not, one of the biggest pollutions to the environment is the methane from cow farts, which are necessary when producing leather to make gloves. Powering the plants to cut the cattle are needed and also takes a lot of power and energy. Then after gloves are made, you need trucks to transport the gloves to stores or houses where they are delivered to the buyers.
Energy & Sustainability
-Usually five baseball gloves can be made from one cow’s skin and hyde.

-In 2010, there were 5.1 million baseball and softball gloves sold in the U.S. that brought in approximately $208.7 million. (according to the National Sporting Goods Association’s most recent Sporting Goods Market report). So the baseball glove industry is steady and still growing.

-Each year an estimated 4.5 million baseball gloves are sold in the U.S.
Production of Baseballs:
2.2 billion per year, made for $1 and then sold for $5-$7
Players became more obsessive over being stronger and dominating the game. It lead to the use of steroids and other performance enhancing drugs.
Baseball gloves made baseball expand into a huge sport. It become more fun to watch and developed into a spectator sport. People who did not play would pay to spend their day at a Major League Baseball stadium watching baseball. It became a part of everyday life.
The baseball glove has increased the speed of the game, revolutionized baseball to make it more enjoyable for spectators, and allowed players more strength while ultimately preventing injuries.
First Glove Manufacturer
How Baseball Effects:
Overall, the invention of the baseball glove has advanced and complicated the game of baseball into the billion dollar industry, spectator sport it is today, prevents injuries, as well as causing economic, political, and social turmoil that is a part of people's everyday life.
works cited

Curlee, Lynn. Ballpark: The Story of America's Baseball Fields. New York, N.Y.: Atheneum Books for Young Readers, 2005.

Dawidoff, Nicholas. Baseball: A Literary Anthology. New York: Library of America, 2002.

Epic Sports, Baseball and Softball, Baseball Equipment History. (Epic Sports, Inc. 2013).

Jensen, Julie. 1997. Beginning Softball. Minneapolis: Lerner. (Jensen 1997, 1-80)
Alexander, Charles C. Our Game: An American Baseball History. New York: Henry Holt, 1991.

Morris, Peter. Catcher How the Man Behind the Plate Became an American Folk Hero. Lanham: Rowman & Littlefield Pub. Group, 2009. <http://public.eblib.com/EBLPublic/PublicView.do?ptiID=616384>.

Wikipedia 2003: Doug Allison: Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia, <http://www.wikipedia.org/wiki/Turabian> (January 5th, 2004)

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