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Social, Economic, Political Life in England (1890's)
Transcript of Social, Economic, Political Life in England (1890's)
There were 3 social classes in the Victorian era. They were the wealthy class, the middle class, and the working/poor class.
The Wealthy Class:
Most of the wealthy did not work at all and earned their money from their family inheritance and land that they own from past generations.
They had lots of leisure time and attended balls, parties, and sport events frequently. And they always dressed in an etiquette manner, and the rich and poor were very clear to differentiate. Every single wealthy family had to own at least one servant that worked for them in the house.
The Middle Class:
In order to be considered in the Middle class, these people had to own a servant as well. They had to work, but also had few leisure time as well.
The Working/Poor Class:
As England urbanized as their Industrial Revolution began, the population rose. It had attracted eager people who wanted a share of the prosperity and richness England seemed to offer. However, this caused cramped and unsanitary housing. Education was difficult to obtain. They worked all day long in factories and received very little pay. They made up of 80% of England’s population. The poor had very little leisure time, and their children went to factory work after school, and some might even drop school to work.
Britian modernized as their industrial revolution dominated the country.
British soldiers in combat as they fight their South African rivals in the Boer War.
The 1890's was described as "declining Victorianism... and rising Modernism," because the country was becoming more industrialized and advanced. The Victorian Era (1837-1901) was named after Queen Victoria of England.
London in the 1890's.
Throughout the 19th century, Britain transformed as a result of the Industrial Revolution.
-Methods of travel were train, horse and foot for the lower-middle class, while the rich used coaches.
-The telegram and telegraph was developed, changing people’s lives drastically.
-Surgery and medicine was a major improvement.
-Sewers were dug, reducing the amount of diseases, improving health throughout the country.
However, between 1870 and 1913, England’s percentage distribution of the world’s manufacturing production decreased from 31.8% to 14%. Also, wealth amongst the country was spread unequally.
The British economy of the 1890’s was developing rapidly, while it did have its flaws.
Health care was seemingly impossible to have. This would cause extreme poverty and by the end of the century, over 25% of the population were living below subsistence level. "Large sections of the industrial population were still at the end of the 19th century living in appalling conditions." -James Joll
England was the world's first urban society. Around 40 million people lived there despite the many people who emigrated to North America to escape poverty. They went to war against South Africa (the Boer War) by October 1899. Many volunteers were unfit for service which resulted in extreme poverty.
There was not much freedom for the people in England during the 1890’s.
The women did not have their rights to vote until 1918.
Only male landowners were allowed to vote. They also had the legal power in marriage.
Divorces were almost impossible so if the marriage did not get along,
Women had few rights, and little say in politics.
The poverty-stricken work endlessly to maintain livelihood.
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