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Currents Events Project

Water pollution is a big issue, and one of the big reasons to water pollution is hydraulic fracturing A.K.A Fracking. This presentation shows the issues of fracking and how to find an alternative to it

Anushka Ray

on 18 January 2014

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Transcript of Currents Events Project

By: Anushka Ray How is it Dangerous? How can We Fix This? What is the Main Issue? Water Contamination Important Information About Fracking Hydraulic Fracturing A.K.A Fracking is:

Method of getting oil and gas from the ground

Releases fluid with pressure which releases natural gas from ground.

Fracking fluid is water mixed with dozens of toxic chemicals. Problem is water contamination
It is important to retrieve natural gas with other liquids
Drinking water will not be contaminated if water is substituted Prevents mix of water and chemicals
Unlike water the gel disappears underground
Done by reverting to vapor due to pressure and heat
Propane does not carry drilling chemicals back to surface An Introduction Takes 1-8 million gallons of water to complete 1 fracture
That water is mixed with 40,000 gallons of chemicals
Some Chemicals: Ethylene glycol
radium, methanol, methane, hydrochloric acid, formaldehyde, and benzene. More on Water Contamination Drinking water gets contaminted with the chemicals
Methane water in Pennsylvania
Chemicals cause diseases like leukemia, brain lesions, and more Fracking in the United States http://www.nwf.org/What-We-Do/Energy-and-Climate/Drilling-and-Mining/Natural-Gas-Fracking.aspx Use gel made of propane
Has been used in Canada
Need to be used more in the United States
Like water, gel is pumped into deep shale formations
Creates immense pressure to crack rocks and free gas bubbles Water Substitute: How does Contamination Occur? http://www.gaslandthemovie.com/whats-fracking#frackingprocess This little video shows how water gets contaminated with the chemicals Our Water is At Danger Our water has been getting polluted
Less fresh water is available to us
Polluted water makes people and animals sick
One major polluter is Hydraulic Fracturing A.K.A Fracking Saving Our Water Why Will this Work? Summing it All Up Canada has been using this method already
We need to bring it in more to the United States
With this invention, we can have safe and clean water
Using propane gel produces more natural gas
This reduces the probability of catching awful diseases How the Fracking Grounds Look Like http://appvoices.org/tag/fracking Fracking Video http://www.gaslandthemovie.com/screenings A Picture of the "New Fracking" Sources: Visuals:

http://www.nwf.org/What-We-Do/Energy-and-Climate/Drilling-and-Mining/Natural-Gas-Fracking.aspx 4/15/13

http://appvoices.org/tag/fracking/ 5/7/13

http://insideclimatenews.org/news/20111104/gasfrac-propane-natural-gas-drilling-hydraulic-fracturing-fracking-drinking-water-marcellus-shale-new-york 5/7/13

http://www.gaslandthemovie.com/screenings 5/7/13

http://www.gaslandthemovie.com/whats-fracking#frackingprocess 5/7/13 http://openchannel.nbcnews.com/_news/2013/04/07/17616990-disputes-over-environmental-impact-of-fracking-obscure-its-future?lite 4/15/13

http://www.dangersoffracking.com/ 4/11/13

http://www.energyfromshale.org/fracking-benefits 4/15/13

http://marcellusshale.us/index.php/articles-pro/96-michael-van-donsel 4/15/13

http://www.americanrivers.org/initiatives/pollution/energy-pollution/?gclid=CKWBoabP1LYCFQpN4AodgysAlw 4/18/13

http://www.springfarmcares.org/hydrofracking.htm 4/29/13

http://www.rsc.org/chemistryworld/News/2011/November/15111102.asp 4/29/13

http://www.dailyyonder.com/getting-gas-without-hazards/2011/11/07/3590 4/29/13

http://www.propane.pro/alternative-fuel/technology-drives-surge-natural-gas-production-0713/ 5/2/13

http://www.oerb.com/Default.aspx?tabid=331&ArticleId=98 5/7/13 Thank you all very much for being such a great audience! I hope that this presentation has informed you all about water pollution due to fracking, and motivated you all to take this step in improving our water. Why Will This Work? (continued) Propane becomes part of reservoir flow
Fracture that is already generated becomes cleaned up completely
In hydraulic fracturing, some water is still trapped in fracture Here is a picture of the propane gel fracking site in Pennsylvania http://insideclimatenews.org/news/20111104/gasfrac-propane-natural-gas-drilling-hydraulic-fracturing-fracking-drinking-water-marcellus-shale-new-york The Plan Short Term Solution: Give large tax breaks to compaines switching to propane fracking

If every company makes switch, thousands will be benefited
More drinking water will be available to us
Clean and less-toxic water for agricultural use Long Term Solution: Hydraulic fracturing should be made illegal by 2015
Full transcript