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Music Timeline-Vikrant Mainali_MYP5_Music
Transcript of Music Timeline-Vikrant Mainali_MYP5_Music
Medieval era ca. 500-1400
Music during the Medieval time is characterized by the start of music notation, homophonic sounds. The rhythms during during early and mid Middlle Ages had no regular beat, it was free flowing. The early Medieval music have characteristics of homophonic texture. The music did not change in dynamics and had no harmony during the early and mid ages. During the late ages, the rhythm started becoming syncopated, the melody started being experimented as less smooth or legato (very smooth). They also experimented with polyphonic sounds and the harmony produced different mixtures of consonance and dissonance. The main influence of Medieval music is the church since religion was very significant during the times.
Late Middle Ages
Early Middle Ages
Renaissance era ca. 1400-1600
Like in the Middle Ages, vocal was more important than the music. Composers from the time used word painting (musical representation of poetic images). It has a polyphonic texture. In dance music, homo phonic textures could be found. The bass is used for the first time, making it expand in pitch and richer harmonies came with it. It has a gentle flow rhythm and no defined beat. The melody was kept consonant and simple.
Baroque era 1600-1750
In Baroque music, rhythm and melody lines are definite to define certain moods such as happy and sad. It has a constant flow. It has constant dynamics for sometimes and then changes to terraced dynamics (sudden change) because the instruments were only capable of producing loud or soft sounds. It is mainly polyphonic textured but has some exceptions. Use of figure basses increases. Playing music based on chords began during this period and the orchestra was made up of mainly string instruments. Contrapuntal relationships were also used during this period. This is when composers combined different melodies to make it sound nicer. This meant playing different melodies at the same time but making it sound nice together.
Classical era 1750-1820
In Classical music, there is a contrast of moods. The rhythm is flexible and has syncopation with frequent changes of long notes to short notes. The texture is homophonic but like the rhythm, it can be flexible. Melody lines in Classical music are very catchy and they are made so that it sounds balanced by making two phrases of the same length. It has frequent changes in dynamics and the use of bass was taken over by the use of piano. Classical music focused on the structure and form of music. The composers would also conduct as free-lance rather than for royal families.
During the Romantic era, there was the idea of freedom in composition. This gave music different emotions, emphasis on vocal melodies, chromatic harmonies. The tempo could be changed under the discerment of the conductor. The music had a dense homophonic texture and wide variety of pitches and dynamics. The orchestra during the time became bigger. The time signatures were often changed. It had a rich orchestration. The influences for Romantic era were nationalistic views and induvidualism. Programme music was used to describe people, setting, place, etc.
Romantic era ca. 1820-1900
The Modern era in music is often seen as a rebellious music. The music tends to sound mysterious and vague. New styles were occurring and technology started becoming very important. Composers started coming up with new odd time signatures such as 5/8. The melody was not as important as other parts of the music. It had a lot of repetition of rhythm, dynamics, tones and timbres. The music was taken out of boundaries and experimented with harsh sounds with different pitch, rythym, tempo, timbres, etc.
Modern era ca. 1850-Now
Indie Music Timeline
What is Indie music?
Indie is a sub genre of alternative rock. Normally, artsits that haven't been signed to a label (major labels) are known as indie musicians. However, this meaning has completely changed from when it started. Nowadays, indie music is referred to as music with roots from alternative rock which sounds soothing. Examples of indie musicians are Death Cab for Cutie, Beck, Neutral Milk Hotel, etc. As stated earlier, indie is shortened form of independent music. Which means that the artists weren't signed to any labels and don't have commercial success but there are many debates over the meaning of indie music since some people think it's about the sound. The calming underground sound of indie music is the modern meaning of indie.
The first band to appear on the indie scene was The Smiths. The Smiths are an English band from Manchester, United Kingdom. The lyrics of the song were about life time events. After them, more bands started appearing on the indie scene for example The Stone Roses, Blur, and Oasis.
In the 1990's, more indie bands were coming to the underground scenes but due to the rapid development in technology, indie music had started a sub genre which was most popular in the 1990's - Indietronica. These artsist mixed vocals, eletronic dance music and instruments such as guitar, bass, and drums together to create something unique.
Examples of bands like this are Stereolab, Disco Inferno and Broadcast.
From 2000 and onwards, the artists that fit the 'new' definition of indie music were on the scenes. These include bands like Yeah Yeah Yeahs, The Strokes, Death Cab for Cuties, Bright Eyes, Modest Mouse, Arcade Fire, The Libertines, Franz Ferdinand, Ben Howard, Bloc Party, The Kooks, Arctic Monkeys, MGMT, Foster the People, Daughter, Florence and the Machine, etc. Some of these bands also use technology as instruments in some of their songs. This list are not only 'indie' bands but bands from the sub genre scenes of indie music as well.
Since indie music is a relatively new genre, the influences for the type of music would have to come from related genres. For early indie musicians like The Smiths, the main influences were Joy Division and The Cure. The Cure in my opinion are one of the most influential bands in both, alternative and indie music.
Example of influences
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