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Art Curator

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Jocelyn Euceda

on 21 November 2012

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Transcript of Art Curator

Art Curator: Aztecs By: Jocelyn Euceda Codices Codices is another name for an ancient book. Of coarse, the most famous codices are those of the Aztec and Mayan civilization.

No original Azt codice has survived that does not show European influence. The Codice Borbonicus is thought to be the only one whose style matches the pre-Conquest lifestyle. some experts though think it is a colonial copy.

Aztec codices were burned by the Spaniards for their religious content, and by Aztec kings because they wanted to rewrite their history. The codices dealt with divination(The practice of seeking knowledge of the future or the unknown by supernatural means.), ceremonies, the ritual calendar, and speculations about the gods and the universe. These books were painted on deerskin or agave-fiber paper using pictography, ideograms, and phonetic symbols

The Mendoza, Matrícula de Tributos, Borbonicus, Azcatitlan, Vaticanus A, and Xicotepes are some codices. Codex Borbonicus, an Aztec compilation of the monthly ritual and ceremonies to celebrate certain deities. This is on display at the Universidad Museo Nacional de Antropología, Mexico City Pottery Ancient Aztec pottery is still admired today. Pottery from the Aztec empire, or copies of it, have been found as far away as central Guatemala

We know a lot about ancient Aztec pottery because of a tradition that was followed - at the end of every 52 year cycle, all household goods were destroyed.

During the time of the empire there was a style of pottery that is now called today black-on-orange. Many designs were used in Aztec history, but often designs used black and white, red and orange colors.

Each tribe would use its own local materials, making each pottery unique. Often a white background was used, with red, black and orange designs.

Cholula became famous for its elaborate pottery, it was so famous that Moctezuma II demanded to eat only off of Cholula dinnerware.

Ancient Aztec pottery is often known for its geometric shapes. Often these were drawn with repeating patterns, but as time went on, artisans began to use more naturalistic patterns - figures of animals were used, such as the marine figures on this bowl: Coyote vessel – from Field Museum Aztec exhibit Sculptures Large stone sculptures were perhaps the Aztecs’ greatest artistic achievement, in my opinion, While many people think that the Aztecs were fierce warriors whose main interest was capturing enemy soldiers to sacrifice to their gods, hundreds of carved monuments reveal they also had a fine artistic taste. The Aztecs built many sculptures.
They used stone tools made from materials harder than the stones they carved, because the copper, gold and bronze metals available to them were far too soft to even scratch the hard andesite, diorite, and basalt they shaped as though they were kneading clay. Gallery Of Sculptures Tlaloc monolith outside the National Museum of Anthropology, Mexico City Aztec stone box with maize, squash, man with cacao pod; National Museum of Anthropology, Mexico City Coyolxauhqui stone, Templo Mayor Museum, Mexico City The Aztecs believed that the souls of women who had died in childbirth were transformed into terrifying demons called Cihuateteo, or Celestial Princesses.
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