Loading presentation...

Present Remotely

Send the link below via email or IM

Copy

Present to your audience

Start remote presentation

  • Invited audience members will follow you as you navigate and present
  • People invited to a presentation do not need a Prezi account
  • This link expires 10 minutes after you close the presentation
  • A maximum of 30 users can follow your presentation
  • Learn more about this feature in our knowledge base article

Do you really want to delete this prezi?

Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again.

DeleteCancel

Steps to the Stage Jazz Units for Middle and High School

Musical Theatre History
by

Rachel Wurman

on 5 October 2015

Comments (0)

Please log in to add your comment.

Report abuse

Transcript of Steps to the Stage Jazz Units for Middle and High School

Musical Theatre Timeline:
Steps to the Stage Jazz Units

1900-1929
1930's
WW II through the 50's
Post WWII to today
Jazz dance on Broadway changed from social styles to ballet and modern dance. Agnes De Mille cast strong dancers for the corps of Oklahoma, instead of a line of glamour girls. Her ground breaking choreography enabled theatre dance to enhance and contribute to the narrative.
1820's-1900
Musical Theatre develops from varying forms of entertainment, which are each reflective of the economic, political, and social climate of its time.
1820's-30's
Blackface acts were common in circuses and traveling shows from the late 18th century.






The practice of applying burnt cork to a performer's face reached a new fever pitch when Thomas Rice, white performer and probable slave owner, sang "Jump Jim Crow." The skit, which mocked an elderly black singer, became a regular part of the minstrel show circuit.

By: Rachel Anne Wurman
1840
In the early 1840s, the Tyrolese Minstrel Family toured the US performing traditional folk songs. Four unemployed white actors staged a spoof of this group's concerts. They called themselves Dan Emett's Virginia Minstrels and premiered their blackface revue in NYC in 1843. They were the first troupe to perform a full evening of blackface songs, dances, and skits, creating cartoonish caracticures of Slaves. This marked the beginning of minstrelsy and they produced a few hit songs such as Polly Wolly Doodle.
1849 in NYC
The upper class attended the opera. The middle class frequented the minstrelsy or melodramas. The working class viewed variety shows in saloons.
1880
The Industrial Revolution changed the economic climate of the country. Citizens now had spare cash and leisure time. Most variety shows were too racy for women and children though. Tony Pastor was the first manager to present a 'clean' variety show with great success in NYC 14th Street Theatre.

Manhattan's Union Square became the place for NYC's top theatres, restaurants and shops. It was 'Broadway' but further South.
1865
Minstrelsy reached its peak popularity after the Civil War but remained a viable business until the early 1900s. Despite its racist content and delivery, minstrelsy developed a unique format of entertainment and developed popular 19th century music.
1883-1890
In Boston in 1883, Benjamin Keith and Edward Albee build a chain of theaters across the Northeast and offer continuous multiple and daily shows, which they titled Vaudeville.
Vaudeville acts could be anything entertaining but unoffensive like quick-change artists, escape artists, contortionists, regurgitators, family acts, one act plays, singers and comedians.
This era produced some major stars like Judy Garland, the Nicholas Brothers, Ethel Barrymore and George Burns.
Vaudeville's legacy in musical theatre history is the variety and the showmanship, offering the audience something for everyone.

Meanwhile, the South created what will be known as the Jim Crow laws in 1890. The segregation laws became widespread by 1910.
1900-1920
Operetta provided a world of romance and escape for middle class audiences in the first 20 years of the 20th century. Love stories become central to the musical theatre plot from here on. Operettas were refined and lyrical, with heavy European influences. The settings were exotic, the plot was cliche filled, and there was always a happy ending.
In 1921, the first all black musical "Shuffle Along" starring Josephine Baker and Paul Robeson debuted on Broadway.
1904
NYC's theatre district moved to the East 20s, then Herald Square and spread to 40th Street. Thanks to new business development along 42nd Street and a major subway stop at the corner of 42nd and Broadway, the triangle of land surrounding a new building, Time Tower, was named Times Square. From 1904 to present day, this area becomes the forever home of the theatre capital of the world.

Patriotism was a common theme on Broadway.
1914-1918
World War I
In 1927, the groundbreaking musical "Show Boat" hit Times Square, which was the first to be adapted from a serious novel as well as featured white and black characters sharing the stage as full dramatic partners.
In 1928, the first talking picture "The Jazz Singer took Hollywood by storm. The lead character performed in blackface.
October 29, 1929
Stock Market crash and Great Depression era left Broadway to flounder. Talking films added insult to injury.



Vaudeville disappeared.
1932- 1/3 of factories closed, 1.6 million on welfare, 1/3 of NYers unemployed.
Themes on Broadway changed to social criticism and political satire, as well as mixing escapism and engagement.
1936- FDR is re-elected and offered a 'New Deal'.

George Balanchine choreographed for Broadway.
December 7, 1941: Attack on Pearl Harbor

May 18, 1942: Lights turned off on Broadway marquises to protect NY ports.
1882
After the Civil War, NYC evolved as center of American theatre.
1947: First Tony Awards

40's and 50's: NYC is home to large film premier events.
Broadway turned to strong narratives, characters and have true dramatic merit. Became the 'Golden Age'
50's = Baby Boom and Broadway Boom

Post WWII, Broadway shows began to tour and appeared on television.
Agnes De Mille
Michael Kidd
Jerome Robbins
Bob Fosse
Susan Stroman
Twyla Tharp
Gower Champion
Bill T. Jones
Michael Bennett
Garth Fagan
Tommy Tune
Oklahoma!
One touch of Venus
Carousel
Brigadoon
Gentlemen Prefer Blondes
Paint Your Wagon
Tally-Ho
Fall River Legend
Lend an Ear
Bye Bye Birdie
Hello Dolly
42nd Street
Finian's Rainbow
Guys and Dolls
Can-Can
Li'l Abner
On the Town Billion Dollar Baby
The King and I West Side Story
Peter Pan Gypsy
A Funny Thing Happened on the Way to the Forum
Funny Girl Fiddler on the Roof
The Best Little Whorehouse in Texas
Nine
Grand Hotel
Will Rogers Follies
The Pajama Game
Damn Yankees
Sweet Charity
Pippin
Chicago
Dancin'
A Chorus Line
Dreamgirls
Ballroom
Follies
Promises, Promises
The Lion King
Movin' Out
The Times They Are a Changin'
Come Fly Away
Fela!
Spring Awakening
Crazy For You
Big
Contact
The Producers
Young Frankenstein
Big Fish
It is a common belief that theatrical elements from Minstrelsy, Vaudeville, and Operetta combined make our modern American musical theatre format.
Variety was a popular form of entertainment from the mid 1800's, including Honky Tonk, Blue Acts, and Museums. The content was generally raunchy, sexual, or freakish.
Resources
"Bob Fosse." PBS. PBS, n.d. Web. 14 Apr. 2013.
Boross, Bob. HighBeam Research. Dance Magazine, 1 Aug. 1999. Web.
"The Broadway Musical Home." - The Musicals, People and Theatres of the Great White Way. Broadway Musical Home, n.d. Web. 14 Apr. 2013.
Broussard, Paula. "Father of Theatrical Jazz Dance: Jack Cole." HighBeam Research. Dance Teacher, 1 June 2006. Web.
Cutcher, Jenai. Bob Fosse. New York: Rosen Central, 2006. Print.
Dance Educators of America Inc. 2002 Teacher Training & Certification Program. Proc. of Dance Educators of America Inc. 2002 Teacher Training & Certification Program, New York City, New York City. N.p.: n.p., n.d. Print. Level 1.
Flinn, Denny Martin. Musical!: A Grand Tour. New York: Schirmer, 1997. Print.
"Fosse.com." Fosse.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Apr. 2013.
Giordano, Gus. Jazz Dance Class: Beginning Thru Advanced. Pennington, NJ: Princeton Book, 1992. Print.
Hayes, Hannah M. HighBeam Research. Dance Teacher, 1 Sept. 2010. Web.
Kenrick, John. "Vaudeville." Vaudeville. Musicals 101, n.d. Web. 14 Apr. 2013.
Kislan, Richard. The Musical: A Look at the American Musical Theater. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1980. Print.
"Luigi, Gus Giordano, and Matt Mattox: Jazz Masters « Rachel Straus – Dance Writer." Rachel Straus Dance Writer. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Apr. 2013.
Luigi, Lorraine Person. Kriegel, and Francis Roach. Luigi's Jazz Warm Up: And Introduction to Jazz Style & Technique. Pennington, NJ: Princeton Book, 1997. Print.
Maslon, Laurence, and Michael Kantor. Broadway: The American Musical. New York: Bulfinch, 2004. Print.
"PLAYBILL." The Largest Internet Database of Broadway Information. Playbill, Inc., n.d. Web. 14 Apr. 2013.
"Variety Stage: Vaudeville and Popular Entertainment, 1870-1920." Variety Stage: Vaudeville and Popular Entertainment, 1870-1920. The Library of Congress, n.d. Web. 14 Apr. 2013.
"Vaudeville, A History." Vaudeville, A History. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Apr. 2013.
"The Verdon Fosse Estate." The Verdon Fosse Estate. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Apr. 2013.
Full transcript