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Transcript of Claudette Colvin
Browder v. Gayle
Claudette was one of the four plaintiffs in a case about bus segregation along with Aurelia Browder, Susie McDonald, Mary Smith, and Jeanatta Reese. The case made it all the way to the supreme court.
In December 1955, Colvin gave birth to her son named Raymond.
1958- Colvin left Montgomery for New York because she had difficulty keeping a job after the notoriety of the federal court case overturning bus segregation.
About Claudette Colvin
After Rosa Parks there was a young black woman named Claudette Colvin. Colvin was born on September 5,1939 and was adopted by C.P. Colvin and Mary Anne Colvin. Claudette grew up in a poor neighborhood of Montgomery,Alabama.
Browder v. Gayle continued
On December 20, 1956, the Supreme Court ordered Montgomery and all of Alabama to end bus segregation.
Montgomery Bus Boycott
Colvin was sitting about two seats from the emergency exit in the African American section.The African Americans were supposed to leave the seats and move to the back when the white section was full.
Montgomery Bus Boycott
In 1955, Claudette was a student at the
Booker Washington High School.Colvin was a member of the NAACP,and had been learning about the Civil Rights Movement in school. On March 2, 1955, Colvin was returning home from school, and got on a Capital Heights Bus downtown.
Montgomery Boycott continued
The bus driver Robert Cleere commanded Colvin and three other women in the row to move.The other three moved but a pregnant black woman namd Ruth Hamilton, got on and sat down next to Colvin.The bus driver saw them through his mirror.
When Colvin refused to move, she was thinking about the school paper she wrote that day. The paper was about segregation
that prevented people from using the same dressing rooms, water fountains,etc.
Life after continued
Colvin said that after her actions on the bus, she was known as a troublemaker by those in her community, and she had to drop out of college.
Life in New York
In New York, the young Claudette and Raymond first lived with her older sister, Velma Colvin. Claudette got a job as a nurse's aid in a nursing home in Manhattan, where she worked for 35 years. She retired in 2004 and never got married.While living in New York, she had a second son, who became an accountant in Atlanta, married and had his own family.
Hoose, Phillip M. Claudette Colvin Twice toward Justice. Grand Haven. MI: Brillance Audio, 2009. Print.
Freedman, Russell. Freedom Walkers: The Story of the Montgomery Bus Boycott. New York: Holiday House, 2006. Print.
"Claudette Colvin." Biography (Civil Rights Figure). N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Apr. 2015.
By Kendal Manning