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Canada's Chemical Valley
Transcript of Canada's Chemical Valley
General Facts and Main Issues
Canada's chemical industry is located near Sarnia Ontario the area is known as the "Chemical Valley". This area is surrounding the native community is about 40% of Canada's industry with 62 large facilities. This "Chemical Valley" has caused Sarnia and the surrounding area to become one of the most polluted hot spots/air quality in Canada. The communities that exist and close to the Chemical Valley are threatened by the excessive amount of pollution being released into the air.
The consequences about living in the area is the pollution that is in the air of these facilities. Toxic chemicals are being set free from these plants and causing many risks and affects to the communities of the First Nations, and Aamjiqnaang. The Chemical Valley is guilty for 5,669,073 kg (12,498,166 lbs) of toxic air pollution in 2005.The chemicals that are in the toxic air are benzene, sulfur, toluene, dioxide and metals such as mercury, nickel and lead. These pollutants are linked with acid rain, smog, health risks, ad respiratory, cardiovascular diseases and premature death. The pollution also contaminate the environment to wildlife and plants.
Impact and Health Risks
The factories and oil industries have large amounts of health risks for the residence living in Sarnia and neighboring areas. The health risks that occur are from gas leaks that can cause dizziness, fainting or more tragic incidences. The employees and residence working or living near these industries are unprotected the pollution of heavy air. If exposed for a long enough time, it may cause cancer, reproductive, development disorders, and more serious encounters from the chemicals can cause health issues such as asthma, reproductive effects, learning disabilities and cancer. The chemicals have a powerful impact on the society living in Aamjiwnaang First Nations people, animals and plants. The chemicals in the air have a significant impact on the cultural life such as hunting, fishing, gathering medicine and ceremonial activities
In 2005, "Lambton Generating Station, Ontario Power Generation" was the industry to release the most polluted air with about 46,246,992 kilograms. The Lambton station is about 15 kilometers away from Aamjiwnaang center point. The chemical that was most released at the Lambton Station was mercury.
The Ontario Government continues to allow increases at the chemical valley industries. In 2010, the Ontario government authorized the increase for production parts of Suncor's Chemical Valley refinery.
Health and environmental evidence of significant to take immediate action to reduce air pollution for the future generations.
Facilities must be in full compliance with all environment laws and standards to reduce health risks.
A study should be conducted to assess the chemicals that are being released and how the exposure to these chemicals can be handled complying to their surrounding communities, environment and their health.
People should also have air monitoring systems installed in their house in case of uncalled leaks from nearby facilities.