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Transcript of CHAPTER 2
Christ Acts Through the Sacraments
Introducing the Seven Sacraments
Celebrating the Church’s Liturgy
1. What does the Church’s liturgy celebrate?
It is a celebration of Christ’s Passion, Death, Resurrection and Ascension.
and thus return us to new, _eternal life_ in union with God. In the _liturgy_ we proclaim the mystery of our Redemption.
5. Eucharist transforms our lives so that we can imitate Jesus not only during Mass but during our whole life.
6. In the liturgy, the events of Christ’s passion and death are made present for us, over and over.
7. the Theme of the writing of Blessed Dom Columba Marmion, O.S.B is of Divine adoption as "children of God" we participate in the paschal mystery and imitate the life of Christ.
Through __faith____ and our participation in the sacraments, every facet of our _lives_ becomes intertwined with the life of Jesus as we grow in union with the _Blessed Trinity_.
9. The Apostles were empowered to begin the mission to teach and baptize people of all nations on the Jewish Feast of the Pentecost
They spoke openly to the “_Jews from every nation_” who had come to _Jerusalem_ for the celebration.
10. Paraclete= Holy Spirit, also known as the Advocate, Defender, and Consoler
12. The _Holy Spirt_ continued to be present in the Apostles and they became “_Sacramental sign_” of Christ. Through Apostolic _succession_ they entrusted the power and _authority_ of the Holy Spirit to their replacements.
14. The events of our Salvation occurred only once, but by the power of the Holy Spirit the liturgy makes these events present and real for us today.
15. cont. Our _response_ involves recognizing God’s blessings in the story of _creation_, His covenants with the _chosen people _ and finally in the coming of _Christ_.
16. It’s easy to see visible signs of God’s blessings in creation.
How have you seen signs of God's blessings through creation?
18. The Israelites gradually learned that the visible signs of creation merely point to the divine; they are not the same as the God who created them.
19. A true __Sacramental_ makes real the spiritual dimension it _signifies_. It not only points to God’s _existence_, it also makes God truly _present_ to us. In a sacrament, God acts _first_ and then we act in response.
21. Jesus Christ _instituted_ the sacraments through his _words_ and actions. He now pours out his _blessings_ on the Church and acts through the sacraments to communicate his _grace_. He remains _present_ in the sacraments and is always present in the _Church_.
22. Real Presence= Doctrine that Jesus is truly present in the Eucharistic bread and wine.
23. The Father is the source and end of all blessings.
24. Sacraments, as the Catechism of the Catholic Church tells us, are “perceptible Signs accessible to our human nature.”
25. The Blessed Sacrament is the Real Presence of Jesus (the consecrated species of bread from the mass that is reserved in the tabernacle.)
26. The tabernacle, the receptacle where the Eucharist is placed in a church is modeled after a Tent.
27. The four ways that Christ’s presence is clearly seen in the liturgy are:
28. Christ is present in the heavenly liturgy celebrated with the angels and the saints, he is also present in the earthly liturgy.
role in _dispensing_ the graces of the sacraments are to
When we _cooperate_ with the Holy Spirit in this _desire_, he brings about our _unity_ in the Church.
32. The liturgy is more than just remembering the events of our Salvation it make the events of our Salvation present.
33. The invocation prayer prayed at Mass by the priest that asks God the Father to send His Spirit so that the bread and wine become the Body and Blood of Christ is called the Epiclesis _.
34. The nine fruit of the Holy Spirit are: love, joy, peace, patience, kindness, generosity, faithfulness, gentleness, and self-control.
This does not mean that during his life and ministry, Jesus celebrated all seven sacraments of the Church much as we celebrate them today. However
The Church’s sacraments begin and end through Christ’s words and _actions_ ; he is _present_ and acting in all of them.
38. Common Priesthood= Church members who share in Christ’s priesthood through Baptism and Confirmation
39. The ministerial priesthood is at the service of the common priesthood. Christ really ministers the sacraments.
40. Sacramental character= an indelible spiritual mark which is the permanent effect, the sacrament is never repeated.
, the Church _baptizes_ infants and celebrates the sacraments __community__. They are rooted in the _faith_ of the whole Church.
42. The sacramental rite may not be arbitrarily modified by the community, the ordained minister, or even the pope.
43. The grace of the sacrament is not dependant on the worthiness of the celebrant or the recipient. Rather, whenever a sacrament is _celebrated_ in accordance with the _intention_ of the Church, the power of Christ and the _Holy Spirit_ acts in and through it, independently of the holiness of the _minister_.
and the Church is involved with them through her participation in the _liturgy_.
Sacraments are woven from signs and symbols_, and their proper _matter and form.
because as High _Priest_ Christ celebrates with the Church both in _Heaven _ and on earth. The pilgrim Church on earth participates in the heavenly _liturgy__ whenever we participate in the _sacramental_ liturgy.
48. The celebration of the liturgy involves all members of the Body of Christ, each according to his or her calling.
= the traditional words said for each sacrament
= the traditional physical elements or gestures
49. Jesus gave the _Apostles_ and their successors the _authority_ to determine the physical matter, words, and _gestures_ of the sacraments. The Church uses elements from _creation_ and human culture, signs of human _social_ life, or historical signs of _salvation_.
58. The five other liturgical rites besides the Latin/Roman rite are:
Alexandrian or Coptic
Antiochene or Syriac
59. While there are unchangeable elements in the liturgy that have been instituted by God, there are also elements that are changeable by the Church.
57. Icons = a sacred image of Christ, the Blessed Virgin, or the saints produced in sculpture or painting.
52. the Liturgy of the Word consists of a Psalm, Old Testament reading, New Testament reading, and a Gospel reading.
53. Examples of signs that accompany the Liturgy of the Word?
Scripture is contained in a special book – the lectionary
Scripture is venerated with a procession, incense and candles
Scripture is proclaimed from an ambo – a special place, usually elevated
Scripture is read audibly and intelligibly
Scripture’s proclamation is extended by the minister’s Homily
The assembly participates with responsorial psalms, acclamations, intercessions and a profession of faith
54. The Church has a 3-year cycle of Sunday readings and a 2-year cycle of weekday Scripture readings for Mass.
55. Homily=Teaching on the Mass Scripture readings by a bishop, priest or deacon.
56. The Second Vatican Council called _music_ “a necessary or integral part of the _solemn_ liturgy.” As St. __Augustine___ once put it, “He who sings, _prays__ twice.”
61. _God__ made human history and time sacred when he entered human history through the _Incarnation_. Our celebration of the saving work of _Jesus_ is set in time, that all take root around __Sunday__, the day Jesus rose from the _dead__.
62. For Christians, _Sunday_ replaces the obligations of the Sabbath. In 321 the Emperor _Constantine_ declared Sunday to be a day of _rest_ for people who lived and worked in _urban_ areas. Today, Sunday remains the heart of the celebration of the _Paschal Mystery_.
Deliberately missing Sunday Mass without a serious reason is a grave sin which is a Condition of a mortal sin(something said, done or desired contrary to the eternal law, or a thought, word, or deed contrary to the eternal law) venial sin (it is pardonable; in itself meriting, not eternal, but temporal punishment).
of those _saving__ moments in the life of Christ, as if they were happening _today__. This is true for our commemoration of the _Sunday_ feast as well as all the holy _seasons_ and days of the Church _year_.
65. Church Year= the liturgical year; an arrangement of the celebration of major events in the life of Christ in Advent, Christmas, Lent, Easter, and Ordinary Time.
Advent takes place in the 4_ weeks before Christmas and the Christmas season begins with the vigil Masses on December 24 and continues through the _feast of baptism of the Lord in January_.
68. In the fourth century Church began to celebrate the birth of Jesus on December 25 because this is when we celebrate the incarnation on the 25th of December. Jesus' birthdate is unknown, but it is believed it was in the spring time.
In the fourth century, Chrysostom, "del Solst. Et Æquin." (II, p. 118, ed. 1588), says: — "But Our Lord, too, is born in the month of December . . . the eight before the calends of January [25 December] . . ., But they call it the 'Birthday of the Unconquered'. Who indeed is so unconquered as Our Lord . . .? Or, if they say that it is the birthday of the Sun, He is the Sun of Justice."
Lent was when _catechumens_ began their immediate preparation to receive _Baptism, Confirmation, and First Eucharist at the _Easter Vigil_.
70. The forty day period of Lent recalls the time the Israelites spent wandering in the desert and the time Jesus spent in the desert immediately after his Baptism.
71. During Lent we are called to conquer our own temptations and discipline ourselves spiritually in preparation for Easter.
72. The last Sunday of Lent, known as Passion (or Palm)Sunday, celebrates Jesus’ triumphal entry as King into Jerusalem.
74. The Easter Triduum starts At the Mass of the Lord’s Supper on Holy Thursday _ the Church commemorates Jesus’ institution of the __Eucharist__ at his Last Supper as well as his washing of the Apostle’s _feet_. This liturgy focuses on Jesus as the __Lamb of God, Suffering Servant_ who willingly went to his death so that we may be forgiven_.
75. On Good Friday _ the Church has a solemn service recalling the __Passion_ and Death of Jesus. The Passion account from the Gospel of _John_ is read and we reflect on how much Jesus _sacrificed_ for us as well as God’s immense _love_.
76. The Easter Vigil celebrates the Resurrection of Jesus to new life
we celebrate the _Resurrection of Jesus to new life. It celebrates the passover of _Jesus just as God saved the _Israelites__ by helping them pass safely through the __Reed Sea___.
78. __Easter_ is to be celebrated on the Sunday following the first _full moon_ of the spring equinox. It lasts for _50_ days during which time the Church reads accounts of the Resurrection _appearances_ of _Christ_. The fifty-day Easter season is sometimes called the Mystagogia because the neophytes, or new Christians, go deeper and immerse themselves in the divine mysteries and sacraments for the first time.
79. The Church celebrates Jesus’ _Ascension__ on the _Thursday the 40_ day after Easter. On Ascension __7th Sunday___ we celebrate our belief that Jesus Christ lives in __eternal peace_ with the Father and Holy Spirit.
80. On the _50th_ day after Easter the Church celebrates __Pentecost__, the coming of the Holy Spirit to Mary and the _Apostles_. As he _promised__, Jesus sent his own Spirit to be with his disciples __forever_. That very day Christ’s Church was _born_.
82. The Feast of __Christ the King__ reminds us that Christ is our supreme _ruler_ and King, rather than any political leader or government. On this day we look forward to the _second coming_ of Christ and it reminds us to _serve God _ first in our lives and to work to help build God’s _Kingdom__.
We honor her not only as a symbol of the _Church__, but as the _people of God_. Throughout the year, the Church celebrates a number of _feast_ in her honor. Among the many feasts of Mary, the Mother of God, is the Assumption.
85. On November 1 the Church honors all the known & unknown saints.
86. Through the Liturgy of the _Hours__ the Church extends the mystery of Christ through the hours of the __day__. It is the prayer of _Christ_, intended to become the prayer of the whole _People of God_.
87. It is important that the _faithful_ gather in one place and make themselves the “_Temple_ of the living God.” Catholics construct buildings for divine _worship called churches. The first Christians worshipped in _house_ churches which were later replaced by __Basilicas___.
88. When St. Augustine wrote, “man is a beggar before God,” he was saying that Humility is the foundation of prayer.
= prayers taking flesh, to honor God with all of our faculties
= involving a search or a quest, actively thinking about God’s Presence in the world & in your life, must be done regularly
= a mental prayer, gazing upon God, to rest in the presence of God’s all encompassing love
90. The eschatological (“last things”) significance of churches are the threshold we pass when entering a Catholic Church symbolizes the passing from this world to the everlasting Kingdom of God.
44. To define the sacraments as Sacraments of Eternal Life means “The Spirit heals and transforms those who receive him by conforming them to the Son of God” (CCC1129)
WHAT HAPPENS IN THE SACRAMENTS