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Transcript of HHD SAC
Score - 0.363 Australia
Rank - 2
Score - 0.929 HDI GNP Australia
$926.2 billion (2011 est) Ethiopia
$96.09 billion (2011 est.) Life expectancy Australia
Male - 79.5
Female - 84.5 Ethiopia
Male - 54
Female - 59.2 Physician density
(per 1000 people) Australia
0.022 Population Australia
84,320,987 Education levels Morbidity rates Australia Ethiopia
HIV/AIDS adult prevalence rate - 1.4% Maternal mortality rates U5MR Ethiopia
470 deaths/100,000 live births Australia
7 deaths/100,000 live births History CONFLICT Natural Disasters Recovery Strategies Political system Ethiopia is a Federal Republic which features both a president and prime minister But it does not have the same colonial history as many other African countries. Ethiopia is the oldest independent country in Africa and one of the oldest in the world. However... President - Girma Woldegiorgis
Prime Minister - Meles Zenawi A DAY IN THE LIFE OF AN ETHIOPIAN* Australia - 4.9 deaths per 1,000 children Ethiopia - 173 deaths per 1,000
an estimated 1,300 children under five die each day *This is not an accurate representation of a standard Ethiopian's day. Ethiopian HDI Keep in mind that the population of Ethiopia is about 4 times that of Australia School life expectancy Australia - 21 years Ethiopia - 8 years Literacy rates Ethiopia - 42.7%
Female: 35.1% Australia - 99% http://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/et.html
http://www.ausaid.gov.au/HotTopics/pages/display.aspx?QID=86 Bibliography- This regime was finally toppled in 1991 by a coalition of rebel forces, the Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Democratic Front (EPRDF). It was briefly occupied by Italy from 1936-41, until the monarchy was restored that, in turn, ended in a military coup in 1974. This left Ethioppia as a communist one-party state. Ethopia has had a turbulent past. A constitution was adopted in 1994, and Ethiopia's first multiparty elections were held in 1995. Each shift in power has been violent,
except the recent elections In mid 2011, two consecutive missed rainy seasons precipitated the worst drought in East Africa seen in 60 years. UNICEF estimates that around 16 million people face immediate risk due to the drought and in Ethiopia alone, about 8 million people are in danger. Ethiopia's large population is particularly vunerable to the drought and are in desperate need of help, particularly in the south of the country.
Ethiopia has encountered many droughts in its history, generally every few years, and this is a major barrier to its development. Lack of food and water is causing many to be more vunerable to disease and it is estimated that 60 to 80 per cent of health problems in Ethiopia are due to malnutrition and preventable diseases. In addition the elections have been accused of fraud Ethiopia has also contested a border war with Eritrea late in the 90s until a peace treaty in 2000. In 2007 the Eritrea-Ethiopia Border Commission issued co-ordinates defining the border. Ethiopia has not accepted them and has not withdrawn troops from areas pronounced as belonging to Eritrea. A major reason for the continuation of this conflict is that Ethiopia is now landlocked and must transport goods through other countries. These conflicts with Eritrea have cost thousands of deaths and millions of dollars and both governments have been critisised for misusing resources while thousands die of starvation inside their own borders Ethiopia has also been effected by other wars in neighboring countries where many refugees have crossed the border into Ethiopia Tension exists between Ethiopia and Somalia which share a large border. Ethiopia claims that they are in Somalia to stabilise the region as Somalia is witout and effective government. From UNICEF website - "Across the region, UNICEF are supporting feeding programs for children and pregnant women; investing in improved water and sanitation systems; providing important health and hygiene education to vulnerable populations; and initiating and supporting health care with medicines, training for health workers, and technical guidance for governments in the management of Tuberculosis and other diseases. UNICEF are also providing essential drugs to those who need them." World vision has focused on the East African region due to the drought and features Ethiopia in the promotional material for the 40 hour famine. Some of their programs aim to help families gain better access to food and clean water, give people the chance to increase their incomes through training and microfinance, and help farmers get the tools and training they need to grow more food. Access to:
Safe drinking water - 54%
sanitation - 60% Ethiopia is a landlocked country in the WHO African region 38.96% = The percentage of Ethiopians who live on less than $1.25 a day Ethiopia has high child mortality and very high adult mortality which means that it is E on the mortality rate strata These figures have increased and they should increase the health of Ethiopian communities Many aid agencies have assisted in Ethiopia and continue to do so - Here are a few responses from aid agencies 53% of males and 77% of females in Ethiopia believe that there is justification for wife-beating under certain circumstances. Primary school participation, Net attendance ratio, 2005-2010, male - 45%
Primary school participation, Net attendance ratio, 2005-2010, female - 45% Malaria cases - 556 per 100,000 HIV/AIDS adult prevalence rate - 0.1% Tuberculosis prevalence - 394 per 100,000 Life expectancy 1984-85 famine The drought of the early 1980s deeplly affected Ethiopia and surrounding areas. It resulted in a food crisis for much of the country and the death of many people. This was made worse by civil war leading to more deaths and the government allocating more money to the military and less money to food security, health and welfare. "The United Nations has launched a $2.48 billion international emergency appeal in response to the crisis." This shows that the UN also responded to the crisis strongly by appealing for aid.
AusAID promised its support to the UN response and "Australia’s total funding in response to the drought and famine in the Horn of Africa now stands at $128 million" A well known response to the famine in Ethiopia in the early 1980s was the Liveaid concert designed to raise money to provide food and other essentials to Ethiopians in need