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Sustainable Housing

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by

Mariah Rodriguez

on 10 January 2013

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Transcript of Sustainable Housing

photo credit Nasa / Goddard Space Flight Center / Reto Stöckli MEGA ETHIOPIA SUSTAINABLE HOUSING Past Ideas &
Our Improvements There have been very few sustainable housing projects in Ethiopia over the years. Arash Afkari, in collaboration with Halmstad University and Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (SIDA), executed a study concerning the use aof Adobe blocks and the Cement Stabilized Soil Block (CSSB) technique. Adobe blocks contain mud/soil grass and water, where as CSSB technology uses soil blocks infused withl ittle cement and water. Both low-cost materials were proven to have the potential of replacing traditional construction methods. This particular study/ project focused more on CSSB technology. After extensive research we have found that this method is quite succesful both in construction and financially. As mentioned before, we hope to incorporate both interlockind adobe bricks and CSSB into our design. Unlike Afkari's attempt at sustainable housing which used only these 2 materials for the walls we hope to add bamboo, cord wood, and earth bags. All of which will enhance the design (each for different reasons.) Our shelter was designed to hold a large amount of people while still being aesthetically pleasing. The dimensions of the rooms are W-25m, L-15m, H- 2.8m . Our shelter is a total of 3 floors/ stories high. The first floor is the "Living Area". This is where people stay, relax and eat their meals. The second floor is the "Kitchen" where all of the food will be prepared using energy efficient appliances. Lastly, the third/top floor will be the "Sleeping Area/Infirmary" where people will sleep and or treated for sicknesses. There are 20 toilets (6 downstairs 14 upstairs) and 10 showers. We have installed an elevator to transport people through the rooms. There is also an outdoor space for recreational purposes. The Shelter (Exterior) Our shelter was designed to meet the needs of the community as well as face the problems caused by natural disasters that occur in and around the city. In order to protect against hurricanes and landslides, the shelter will be mounted or chained to it's foundation which will be made of stone. Steel and wooden framing will help keep the building together in case of a tornado or hurricane(high winds). Doors will be built to open out rather than in for any situation containing high winds. The use of CSSB and Adobe Bricks as walls and flooring will protect against hurricanes, water damage (flood) and fire damage (volcano eruption). We also hope to use other natural and low-cost building materials such as straw bales, bamboo, cord wood, earth bags, Location The location of our sustainable housing shelter is in Mega, Ethiopa. We chose to have our shelter situated in Ethiopia for several reasons. In Ethiopia there is often a lack of clean water and edible food available for commoners. The country itself is also prone to certain natural disasters like droughts, earthquakes, volcanoes, and even hurricanes. In fact, Ethiopia was once considered the "Mother of hurricanes". Our shelter will help these people of critical living situations, by giving them a place to live with clean water, food, health care, and a place to sleep. This building will have the ability to withstand the natural disasters, found in the city, insuring that all people within it are safe. The Shelter (Interior) BY: Mariah and Jasmin Economics The currrent economic situation of Ethiopia, while improving, is not exactly prospering. Ethiopia is recognized as one of the fastest growing economies of the world. But despite the fact that GDP growth is high, per ca pita income is among the lowest of the world. The main sectors of Ethiopia are tourism, telecommunications, transport, manufacturing, energy, minerals and mining, fishing, forestry and agriculture. Ethiopia's economy is largely based on agriculture, which is responsible for almost half of the country's GDP and 85 % of the employment. They rely on natural goods to not only feed themselves, but to export for money. Some of the cash-crops Ethiopia exports include coffee, beans, oilseed, cereal, potatoes, sugarcane and vegetables. Unfortunately, as mentioned before, Ethiopia is highly susceptible to natural disasters like Earthquakes, Volcanic Erruptions, Hurricanes, and frequent droughts all of which destroy the land they depend on. In Ethiopia the economy and environment go hand in hand. Environment As was mentioned before, Ethiopia's Economy depends greatly on the environment. And being a South African country, the environment is often not well. Ethiopia is prone to several natural disasters like Earthquakes, Hurricanes, Volcanic Eruptions, Droughts etc. Over the years, a once steady climate now varies day to day. As a result of these two factors alone, only 10.1 % of land is arable, and 0.65% of crops permanent in Ethiopia. Some of Ethiopia's natural resources aside from agriculture (crops) are gold, platinum, copper, potash, natural gas, hydro power. In addition to natural disasters and varying climate the environment is currently facing other issues. There is now an overwhelming amount of deforestation, soil erosion, overgrazing, lack of water due to water-intensive farming and poor management. In hopes to restore Ethiopia, officials have signed onto the followin internatiol agreements: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Hazardous Wastes, Endangered Species, Desertification, and Ozone Layer Protection. In most of these agreements, countries promise not to contribute to the harming of our precious planet Earth. Bibliography CIA World Fact Book-www.cia.gov
Ethiopian treasures-www.ethiopianmtreasures.co.uk
Oxfam International-www.oxfam.org
If It Were my Home-www.fitweremyhome.com
Web Ecoist-webecoist.momtastic.com
California Contractor- www.californiaacontractor.com
Free the Children-www.freethechildren.com
dsc.discovery.com If Ethiopia Were Your Home...
(instead of Canada) You would.. -have 15.8% times higher chance of dying at infancy.
-be 5.3% times more likely to have HIV/AIDS.
-have 4.2% times more babies.
-die 25.49% years sooner.
- use 99.78% less electricity.
-consume 99.37% less oil
-make 97.66% less money.
- spend 99.29% less money on health care.
-experience 6.54% less of a class divide.
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