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Autism Spectrum Disorder

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Kate Wiley

on 2 October 2016

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Transcript of Autism Spectrum Disorder

Autism Spectrum Disorder
Autism Spectrum Disorder

What Causes Autism?
Research links autism to biological or neurological differences in the brain.
A specific cause of autism remains unknown
Autism Spectrum Disorders are found to affect more males than females
If there is one person in your family with ASD chances are that there is another

In the case of identical twin boys it is most likely that both twins will have ASD but that is not always the case

Girls diagnosed with ASD are more likely to have a more severe case
DSM V Diagnosis
of ASD
Criteria A
Criteria B
persistent deficits in social communication and social interaction across contexts
Restricted repetitive patterns of behaviour, interests, or activities
Criteria A

Persistent deficits in social communication and social interaction across contexts and manifested in all 3 of the following:
1. Deficits in social emotional repciprocity
ex. not engaging in a normal back and forth conversation
2. Deficits in nonverbal communicative behaviours used for social interaction
ex. abnormalities in eye contact
3. Deficits in developing and maintaining relationships appropriate to age level beyond their caregivers. ex. an apparent absence of interest in
Criteria B
Restricted repetitive behavior, interests, or activities, manifested by a least 2 of the following:
1. Stereotyped or repetitive speech, motor movements or use of objects ex. echolia
2. Excessive adherence to routines, ritualized patterns of verbal or non verbal behavior or
excessive resistance to change ex. repetitive questioning
3. Highly restricted, fixated interests that are abnormal in intensity and focus ex. perseverative interests
4. Hyper or hypo reactivity to sensory input or unusual interest in sensory aspects of the environment ex. apparent indifference to pain/heat/ cold
High Functioning Autism
(HFA) and Asperger Syndrome
Asperger Syndrome falls within the Autism Spectrum Disorder and has been collapsed into the ASD Criteria in the DSM V
Both HFA and Asperger's affect people in the average to above average ability range
This is how Criteria A
and Criteria B apply to people with HFA and AS
Criteria A
Persistent deficits in social communication and social interaction across contexts
Criteria B
Restricted repetitive patterns of behavior, interests, or activities
Criteria B
Sensory Issues
How many senses do we have?
What are they?
Hypersensitive (sensory avoiding)
Hyposensitive (sensory seeking)
Sensory Integration
Sensory Issues
The Social Network
What is a stress response?
What is anxiety?
Constant feelings of anxiety because they may have underdeveloped coping mechanisms
Can result in self-injurious behavior
Think about anxiety and how it applies to what we are going to talk about next: Social Thinking and the Hidden Curriculum
Social Thinking
Social thinking and related social skills are the single most important predictor of future success
How Someone with AS or HFA Sees the World
They are concrete thinkers
They are literal thinkers
They are black and white thinkers
They apply general rules to specific situations
Theory of mind
Hidden Curriculum
The Hidden Curriculum is what social thinking allows us to understand
We can figure out the different rules in different situations
Mean Girls in the Cafeteria
Read This:
As soon as the machine was at cruising altitude, Eveline, a slim young woman with blonde hair and the daughter of a well-known heart surgeon, began to serve drinks to the people in the business class. What is Eveline's profession?
Things That Need Direct Instruction
Rules vs. Expectations
Perspective taking
Understanding the grey area
Where to go during unstructured time
Who to sit with
How to start conversations
Hidden Curriculum
Legally Blonde
Why do you think these people are more susceptible to being anxious?
The Good Stuff
creative approaches
pattern recognition
factual memory
strong visual memory
expertise (even savant skills)
The Best Thing You Can do for Your Peers is find space for them and include them
Full transcript