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The Philippines A Century Hence
Transcript of The Philippines A Century Hence
Century Hence The Philippines A Century Hence Some issues that
Concern our Country
It was originally entitled "Filipinas dentro de cien anos"
First published in La Solidaridad in Madrid at September 30,1889 - February 1, 1890
Charles E. Derbyshire Translated it in English
An Essay wrote by Jose Rizal pertaining of what could happen to the philippines a hundred years in the future Possible Reasons of Rizal
upon writing this Essay Installing fear on the current regime of spanish tyranny for them to fly away from other country
Expressing sadness and failure, that even if Spain let loose hold of the Philippines, there will be other countries in the world that are ready to take hold of our country
Rizal was giving a hint of hope to the Filipinos that sooner or later, a great nation will save their country from the oppressive rule of Spain Rizal just carefully observed the present and past situation of our dear Motherland, and from then “predicted” our future. "In order to read the destiny of a people, it is necessary to open the book of it’s past” he is not actually prophesying; instead, he was telling in his article was but an analysis. PART II Rizal answered the questions what will become of the Philippines Within a century
Rizal discuss first the history of malayan filipinos.
Rizal stated that the Spain took advantage the discord on our land and present them as Peacemaker after to dominate both parties He subject them to his authority. The lack of freedom of the press. Rizal stated that the philippines will remain under spanish domination, but with more law and greater liberty, or they will declare themselves independent after steeping themselves and the mother country in blood In his essay we see his urge to put freedom in our land through peaceful negotiations with the spanish government in spain. END PART I Spain’s implementation of her military policies - The Philippine population decreased dramatically -Poverty became more rampant than ever, and farmlands were left to wither Part IV is possibly best described by this paragraph: The existence of a foreign body within another endowed with strength andactivity is contrary to all natural and ethical laws. Science teaches us that it is either assimilated, destroys the organism, is eliminated or becomes encysted." One question Rizal raises in this essay is whether or not Spain can indeed prevent the progress of the Philippines:
Keeping the people uneducated and ignorant had failed. National consciousness had still awakened, and great Filipino minds still emerged from the rubble. Keeping the people impoverished also came to no avail. On the contrary, living a life of eternal destitution had allowed the Filipinos to act on the desire for a change in their way of life. They began to explore other horizons through which they could move towards progress. Exterminating the people as an alternative to hindering progress did not work either. To wipe out the nation altogether would require the sacrifice of thousands of Spanish soldiers, and this is something Spain would not allow. Spain, therefore, had no means to stop the progress of the country. What it needs to do is to change its colonial policies so that they are in keeping with the needs of the Philippine society and to the rising nationalism of the people. What Rizal had envisioned in his essay came true. In 1898, the Americans wrestled with Spain to win the Philippines, and eventually took over the country. Theirs was a reign of democracy and liberty. Five decades after Rizal’s death, the Philippines gained her long-awaited independence. This was in fulfillment of what he had written in his essay: "History does not record in its annals any lasting domination by one people over another, of different races, of diverse usages and customs, of opposite and divergent ideas. One of the two had to yield and succumb.” PART III The question then arises as to what had awakened the hearts and opened the minds of the Filipino people with regards to their plight. Eventually, the natives realized that such oppression in their society by foreign colonizers must no longer be tolerated. In this case some governors have been trying to introduce needed reforms. But it produced scanty result for the government as well as to the country. With this, our country is most likely reminded to Sancho Panza in Barataria island where he took his seat on appointed table covered with fruits and variety of food but when Pedro Rezio interposed Sancho was as hungry as ever. That he should not eat except according to the usage and custom of other island. Philippines is like Sancho reforms are the dishes, Rezio are those persons interested in not having the dishes touched. The result is the long suffering of Sancho(Philippines) misses his liberty and ends up rebelling. In this manner as long as the Philippines have no liberty of press all the efforts of the colonial ministers will meet the fake like the dishes in Barataria Island. The minister who wants his reforms be reforms must begin by declaring the press in the Philippines free and by instituting Filipino delegates. A government that governs in a country may even dispense with the press because it is on the ground has eyes and ears, and directly observes what is rules and administers. A government that governs a far requires that the truth and facts reach its knowledge by every possible channel that it may weigh and estimate them better, and this need increases when a country like Philippines is concerned. To recapitulate: The Philippines will remains Spanish if they enter upon the life of law and civilization, if the rights of their inhabitants are respected, if the other rights due them are granted, if the liberal policy of the government is carried out without false interpretation. PART IV