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The Role of Sources in Research
Transcript of The Role of Sources in Research
answers."-Thomas Trzyna 'The research paper gives the opportunity to set up a problem and find a solution" -Thomas Tryzna
In other words...
We "invent and original problem and purpose for our paper and create an original structure for our arguments.
We must formally select and evaluate our material and use it as a proof in an original argument."Kantz APA style-
(from the American Psychological
Use the author's name,
followed by the date of publication
Ex. (Freud, 1900) If you need more info on how to
cite sources check out: Why is it important to read
There is a vast amount of information
available to us-but not all of it is reliable
or appropriate for scholarly information. But how can I find reliable sources? -Formally select, evaluate, and interpret the material.
-Evaluate the sources for bias, accuracy, or completeness.
"Scope!" Save time, cut through
the literature by finding a FEW trustworthy guides. Scoping Strategies Include:
1. Network: contact people who can recommend experts and good publications
2. Send Letters of Inquiry: Contact concerned individuals or organizations
(they produce thousands of publications that you may not find in the library). Brainstorming Conclusions Now...How can we
cite sources correctly? More on
sources... Why are sources important? How many different types
of sources are there? What do you think Primary
and Secondary sources are? But really what are they? Primary Sources They are the raw materials of history In a Nutshell: They are original records created
at the time historical events occurred or well after events in the form of memoirs and oral histories. They are the raw materials to interpret the past Some Examples are... Letters Manuscripts Diaries Memoirs Original Documents Interviews News Film Footage Autobiographies Official Records Photographs Audio
Recordings Creative Works Poetry Drama Music Novels Art Relics or Artifacts Pottery Furniture Clothing Buildings Secondary
Sources In a Nutshell
A secondary source interprets and analyzes primary sources. They are accounts or interpretations of events
created in the past by someone without first
hand experience. Secondary sources may have pictures, quotes or graphics of primary sources in them. Examples Publications Textbooks,
A journal/magazine article which interprets or reviews previous findings
A history textbook
A book about the effects of WWI 3. Turn to Automated Bibliographic
Searching: Limit the field.
Ex. J-store's advanced search tool 4. Select RECENT studies,
articles, publications with
annotated bibliographies By the way... What is an annotated
Bibliography? A bibliography is a list of sources one has used for researching a topic.
They are sometimes called "references" or "works cited" depending on the style format you are using.
A bibliography usually just includes the bibliographic information (i.e., the author, title, publisher, etc.). Defining Bibliography Defining Annotation An annotation is a summary
and/or evaluation Therefore: an annotated bibliography includes a summary and/or evaluation of each of the sources. EX. why are they important? 1. You can check your sources
credentials...this is where the writer
is getting all the support for his arguments
2. It can help you find RELEVANT sources---
information for your topic!! PS. You can become a Primary
Yes, sometimes you might not
be able to find the information you
need in the library....BUT DON'T GIVE UP
CUZ' "somebody, somewhere knows,
what it is going on, and it is our job...to
find those living sources of information."
-Thomas Tryzna me??
"Controversies are not candidly
aired-even in review articles...
Direct personal contact with
professionals in the field is
the best way to discover what
is happening." For Example Evaluate sources by: Author-
Is he an expert on his field?
Is he affiliated to an institution?
Is he a University professor? Audience-
Who is his intended audience?
Professional community? Publisher-
Who published this?
government printing office
Professional organization DATE- Is the information up to date?
Do you need a historical perspective? a note On the web... Who is responsible for this website?? Domain .edu=educational institution
.gov=Us government site
.org= organization or association
.net=personal or other site In text citations In reference pages MLA style-
(from the Modern Language
Association) APA style-
Contributors' names (Last edited date). Title of resource. by alphabetical order. Use author's last name and the page number(s) on which the information appears.
Ex. (Kantz 76) MLA style-
Basic format: Author’s name. Title of book. Place of publication: Publisher, Date. by Alphabetical order