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F18 Colonialism: Christianity, Commerce

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Julie Jenkins

on 4 December 2018

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Transcript of F18 Colonialism: Christianity, Commerce

Commerce & Christianity

"system of occupation and exploitation of foreign territories through settlement and conquest"
What is colonialism?
two types:
Mercantilism & Imperialism
Let's not be Eurocentric...
Africa had a history before European colonialism
Homo-Sapiens- 130,000 years ago
States/Kingdoms, alongside stateless societies - 5,500 years ago
10,000 years ago- extensive trade throughout continent, across Sahara Desert, east coast to Asia
Portuguese- 1444
down the coast of Africa
1447- hit 'gold coast'
erected first fort there in 1471
1488- hit Cape of Good Hope
then started up interior
by late 1500's- British and French start competing in trade
colonialism - not a unitary process
-trade vs political
-countries involved
-settlements vs administrative posts
-varies historically
gold, ivory, salt, people
(slave trade:16th century- 1870)
slave trade radically changed political structures--
some societies gained access to guns
expansion of some states,
the disintegration of others
Shift to Imperialism during Industrial Revolution
Colonialism involved the colonial bureaucracy, traders, & missionaries...
Did they always have the same objective?
Germany lost possessions after WWI
First Colonial Wave:
Explorers/Traders/Missionaries & the Slave Trade
(circa 15th-19th centuries)
by 1879, most colonies were still located along the coast
--signed treaties with local populations
"Scramble for Africa"
--creation of new markets for manufactured goods
--need for raw materials (tin, copper, diamonds)
--cash crops (cocoa, peanuts, rubber, peanuts
Resolve at Berlin Conference (1884-85)
--divide territories
--ban importing guns into Africa, except for colonial use
--only Liberia & Ethiopia without colonizers
--treaties & military force
--set up systems of taxation & production
--set up system of privileging some groups over others
Walter Rodney
"The Underdevelopment of Africa"
What does Rodney
What insights does Meyer give about the encounters with missionaries?
Full transcript