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F18 Colonialism: Christianity, Commerce

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by

Julie Jenkins

on 4 December 2018

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Transcript of F18 Colonialism: Christianity, Commerce

Colonialism:
Commerce & Christianity

"system of occupation and exploitation of foreign territories through settlement and conquest"
What is colonialism?
two types:
Mercantilism & Imperialism
Let's not be Eurocentric...
Africa had a history before European colonialism
Homo-Sapiens- 130,000 years ago
States/Kingdoms, alongside stateless societies - 5,500 years ago
10,000 years ago- extensive trade throughout continent, across Sahara Desert, east coast to Asia
Portuguese- 1444
down the coast of Africa
1447- hit 'gold coast'
erected first fort there in 1471
1488- hit Cape of Good Hope
then started up interior
by late 1500's- British and French start competing in trade
colonialism - not a unitary process
-trade vs political
-countries involved
-settlements vs administrative posts
-missionaries
-varies historically
gold, ivory, salt, people
(slave trade:16th century- 1870)
slave trade radically changed political structures--
some societies gained access to guns
expansion of some states,
the disintegration of others
Shift to Imperialism during Industrial Revolution
...why?
Colonialism involved the colonial bureaucracy, traders, & missionaries...
Did they always have the same objective?
Germany lost possessions after WWI
First Colonial Wave:
Explorers/Traders/Missionaries & the Slave Trade
(circa 15th-19th centuries)
by 1879, most colonies were still located along the coast
--signed treaties with local populations
"Scramble for Africa"
--creation of new markets for manufactured goods
--need for raw materials (tin, copper, diamonds)
--cash crops (cocoa, peanuts, rubber, peanuts
Resolve at Berlin Conference (1884-85)
--divide territories
--ban importing guns into Africa, except for colonial use
--only Liberia & Ethiopia without colonizers
--treaties & military force
--set up systems of taxation & production
--set up system of privileging some groups over others
Walter Rodney
"The Underdevelopment of Africa"
1972
What does Rodney
argue?
What insights does Meyer give about the encounters with missionaries?
Full transcript