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The Cold War: Communism versus American Capitalism
Transcript of The Cold War: Communism versus American Capitalism
Once World War II was over, the countries had nothing in common. Both the countries feared the other country's attack. The Soviet Union was especially wary because of the U.S.'s atomic bomb, which was the most powerful weapon in the world at the time. The USSR had no way of knowing how many atomic bombs that the United States had in store. Also the Soviet Union wanted to spread world communism. In 1945, these two countries, America and the Soviet Union started what is known as a Cold War.
What's a "Cold War"?
A cold war is a war in which there is no physical attacks on other countries, yet there is hostility, and the countries execute deliberate acts of defiance toward one another. For example, in The Cold War, the USSR attacked Afghanistan, and the U.S. immediately started to send war supplies to the Afghans.
The United State's way of politics is American Capitalism, while the Soviet Union's is Communism.
What was the Cold War?
The Cold War was a clash of completely opposite
beliefs and politics. The Cold War was mainly between
the United States and Soviet Union (USSR) . Formerly,
in World War ll, the U.S. and USSR were allies against
Nazi Germany. The alliance was tense though, because
the U.S. and USSR only had one thing in common, their
American Capitalism and Communism
Communism and American Capitalism are practically opposite. In Communism a group or community controls the whole means of the production and the resources.In American Capitalism, a private owner (one person) owns and controls the whole means of production and the resources.Usually, in communism the profit is shared equally amongst the group, but in American Capitalism, the profit goes to the private owner. In Communism, you can work according to your ability and need. There is no rich and poor in communism. But in American Capitalism, you have to work harder to get to a good point in life, almost like a ladder.
In 1950 the first military action was involved in the war. Yet, it was still not between the Soviet and the U.S. The USSR attacked North Korea. This was one of the times in the Cold War when it became a "Warm War". A warm war is when the armies are ready and waiting for command to fight, yet there is still a chance for an agreement and a quick cease to the war. President Harry Truman send american soldiers down to Korea to help.
1958 brought the "Space Race", which was when the U.S. and USSR tried to attain various space related accomplishments. The space race ceased in 1969, when the United States won by getting Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin to be the first men on the moon.
The Space Race
The Truman Doctrine
1947's Truman Doctrine was a policy that President Harry Truman announced. It didn't specifically say, yet implied that the message was directed towards the USSR. The policy was that any country that needed help and was threatened by a larger army would be supported by the U.S.
In 1949 NATO, or the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, was formed. NATO was an organization against the Soviet Union, and originally consisted of 12 countries, including the U.S., U.K., France, Italy, and Canada. The agreement basically stated that if any one of the countries were attacked, then the others would send in their armies.
In 1955, the Vietnam War started. South Vietnam was an ally of the U.S., while North Vietnam was an ally of the USSR. The United States feared that if North Korea won the war, then communism would spread to southern Asia.
The Vietnam War
In the 1950's a man named Fulgencio Batista ruled Cuba unfairly. Some Cuban people tried to overthrow him, but failed. They started a group in a nearly empty part of Cuba, and gathered peasants to help them fight. Eventually 1959 in they overthrew Fulgencio Batista.
The Cuban Missile Crisis
In the 1950's many Eastern Germans suffered from food shortages, low pay, and poor shelter. 25% of the money made went directly to the Soviet Union. The Germans concluded this problem by simply moving to West Germany. East Germany had a poor economy and couldn't afford to lose anymore valuable workers, so they put up barbed wire. That didn't stop the Germans though. By 1961, 3 million people had immigrated over to West Germany. The government constructed a large, about 13 foot (4 meter) tall wall to separate the countries. It was called the Berlin Wall.
The Berlin Wall
The Cold War Closes
In 1972, the leaders of both the Soviet and the U.S., signed the Strategic Arms Limitation Treaty, in which both countries promised to not make nuclear missiles anymore. This lessened the threat of nuclear war. In 1989, the Berlin Wall was torn down. Then finally in 1991, when the Soviet Union was no more, the war halted.
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Thank you for watching!
Presentation By Dominique Gruta and Skylar Guarini