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Cheikh Anta Diop

The Pharoah of African Studies

Spencer Swindler

on 26 January 2013

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Transcript of Cheikh Anta Diop

Cheikh Anta Diop Cheikh Anta Diop, a modern champion of African identity, was born in Diourbel, Senegal on December 29, 1923.
At the age of 23, he traveled to Paris to continue advanced studies in physics. Cheikh Anta Diop Within a very short time he was drawn deeper into studies relating to the African origins of humanity and civilization.
He became active in the African student movements and demanded that France grant independence to its colonies in Africa.
Diop believed that only by reexamining and restoring Africa's distorted place in world history could the psychological shackles of colonialism be broken. In 1951, his initial doctoral dissertation submitted at the University of Paris, Sorbonne was rejected.
This dissertation was based on the premise that Egypt was an African civilization. Cheikh Anta Diop In 1955 an essay was published by Presence Africaine under the title Nations Negres et Culture (French).
It won him international acclaim. Cheikh Anta Diop In 1960, after nearly a decade of persistence, Diop earned his degree!
In that same year two of his other works--The Cultural Unity of Black Africa and Pre-colonial Black Africa were published.
In late 1960 Dr. Diop returned to Senegal, and established a radiocarbon laboratory in Dakar. Cheikh Anta Diop In this book, Diop compares the political and social systems of Europe and black Africa from antiquity to the formation of modern states. Dr. Diop was the Director of Radiocarbon Laboratory at the Fundamental Institute of Black Africa (IFAN) at the University of Dakar. Cheikh Anta Diop In 1966 the First World Black Festival of Arts and Culture was held in Dakar.
Senegal honored Dr. Diop and Dr. W.E.B. Dubois as the scholars who exerted the greatest influence on African thought in twentieth century. Cheikh Anta Diop In 1974, a milestone occurred when the African Origin of Civilization: Myth or Reality was finally published.
Also in 1974 Dr. Diop and Theophile Obenga affirmed that many of the pharaohs were black.
UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) sponsored this symposium in Cairo, Egypt. "In practice it is possible to determine directly the skin color and hence the ethnic affiliations of the ancient Egyptians by microscopic analysis in the laboratory; I doubt if the sagacity of the researchers who have studied the question has overlooked the possibility." --Cheikh Anta Diop This book presents Dr. Diop's the theory that the civilization of ancient Egypt, the first that history records, was actually Negroid in origin.
Much historical, archaeological, and anthropological evidence supports this claim! A technique was developed by Diop to determine the melanin content of the Egyptian mummies. The irony of this new technique is that it was later adopted by the U.S. forensic department to determine the racial identity of badly burnt accident victims. To this date they have never acknowledged the author of this test! Cheikh Anta Diop In this book, the late Cheikh Anta Diop presents a dynamic and convincing argument for the creation of a unified black African state.
There is an interview by Carlos Moore on Diop's vision of Africa's emergence as a major world power. In 1981, Diop's last major work, Civilization or Barbarism: An Authentic Anthropology was published. Cheikh Anta Diop This last work of Cheikh Anta Diop is a summation and expansion of his two previous volumes Pre-colonial Black Africa and The African Origin of Civilization.
It offers a refined statement of his life's work, to prove the primacy of African culture by proving that ancient Egypt was a black society.
Diop claimed for Africa many cultural achievements later claimed by Indo-Aryan cultures. Dr. Diop sat on international scientific committees and achieved recognition as one of the leading Egyptologists, historians, linguists and anthropologists in the world.
He traveled widely, lectured incessantly and was often cited and quoted.
He was regarded by many as the modern `pharaoh' of African studies.
Cheikh Anta Diop died quietly in sleep in Dakar, Senegal on February 7, 1986. http://home3.inet.tele.dk/ mcamara/antadiop.html
Reavis-Bey, Thereon, & Ousmane Diop Discussions on Africa, 2001-2005 Thanks to my sources!
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