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Navigating the Complexity of Non-Fiction Texts Part 1

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Bob Polino

on 12 December 2012

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Transcript of Navigating the Complexity of Non-Fiction Texts Part 1

Navigating the Complexity of Non-Fiction Texts Todays' Agenda Review Agenda

Analysis of Narrative Text Complexity

Share out

Requirements of Common Core

Where Students Struggle: Demands of non-fiction that interfere with comprehension Text Structure

Text Features

Background Knowledge

Vocabulary Carousel Brainstorming activates prior knowledge

assesses prior knowledge

introduce essential questions

open response, whole group participation

can be anonymous Directions: visit each poster and answer the question on it; write anything you know about the topic, even if it does not fully answer the question Why is content area
reading important? Common Core
Standards Where Students Struggle... Text Structure Vocabulary Background Knowledge Text Structure What does the research say? (Dymock and Nicholson, 2007) Content Area Reading Text Features, Background Knowledge and Vocabulary Decoding Text Features Background Knowledge Vocabulary Students must navigate the text using the features provided. Skipping over them can be problematic or having so many, a reader doesn't know where to begin
Before reading- skimming and scanning
During Reading- Stocatto- Titanic (Keene, 2010)
After Reading- glossary Common Core Tiers of Vocabulary engageny.org engageny.org (Dymock and Nicholoson, 2007) “In the Information Age the importance of being able to read and write informational texts critically and well cannot be overstated. Informational literacy is central to success, and even survival, in schooling, the workplace and the community.”
(Duke, 2003) By fourth grade, students "encounter more text that is expository in structure and they don't know how to handle it. The form is unfamiliar to them, it's very complex, and many students become lost when they encouter it." Proficient readers are able to use their knowledge of text structure as an organizational strategy for encoding and storing visual information gleaned from text. (Almasi, 2003) Expository texts, like narrative ones, have their own structures. These structures provide students with a map that guides them through a text. The greater children's awareness of expository text structutes and orginizational patterns, the better ther can follow the author's message. (Moss, 2004) Tips for teaching text structure

Applying Text Structure to Nonfiction Writing- Inspiration


Schema

QAR- Question Answer Relationship

Appendix of Common Core suggested texts Resources
Comprehension Toolkit
Diigo
VoiceThread
Wordle "Recent studies found that students today are asked to read very little expository text- as little as 7 and 15 percent of elementary and middle school reading, for example, is expository." (Calkins, Ehrenworth & Lehman, 2012) Wordle VoiceThread Diigo Import text, videos, visuals
Analyze Text Online/Collaboratively Import text
Vocabulary Analysis Activate and Assess Schema
Assessing New Learning/Comprehension
Analyze Text Online/Collaboratively www.voicethread.com diigo.com http://showcase.netins.net/web/creative/lincoln/speeches/gettysburg.htm www.wordle.net http://voicethread.com/?#u1008785.b2023113 http://voicethread.com/?#u1008785.b1839517.i9669776 Paul Revere Shared Reading
(Text Savvy by: Daunis, S. & Iams, M.C.)

Mini-Lessons (1 Lesson= Multiple Days) Common demands of non-fiction texts that interfere with comprehension Does this sound familiar? generalizing "linguistic features" of narrative texts (Almasi, 2003)
EXAMPLE: human, platypus and bats ---> them, they're , their
EXAMPLE: present tense verbs
EXAMPLE: academic vocabulary ---> in contrast, however, consequently Activate your background knowledge:
write down five things you know about a christening 1. With a partner, select a picture book
2. Read the book together
3. Identify the demands of this text Activity Close Reading Explicit vs. Implicit Structure Example 1: No explicit linking words

Spiders are not insects. They belong to a group of animals called arachnids. Arachnids have eight legs. Insects only have six. Arachnids do not have wings. Insects do. Spiders use hairs on their bodies to sense the world around them. Insects sense things with feelers, called antennae that grow on their heads. Example 2: Explicit linking words returned to the text

Many people think spiders are insects. However, they are not. They belong to a group of animals called arachnids. Arachnids differ from insects in many ways. Arachnids have eight legs whereas insects only have six. Arachnids do not have wings. However, insects do. Spiders use hairs on their bodies to sense the world around them. In contrast, insects sense things with feelers, called antennae that grow on their heads. Importance of Headings:

Read Without heading

The procedure is really quite simple. First you arrange things in different groups. Of course, one pile may be sufficient depending on how much there is to do. If you have to go somewhere else due to lack of facilities, that is the next step, otherwise you are pretty well set. It is important not to overdue things. That is, it is better to do too few things at once than too many. In the short run this may be expensive as well. At first the whole procedure will seem complicated. Soon, however, it will become just another facet of life. It is difficult to foresee any end to the necessity for this task in the immediate future, but then one can never tell. After the procedure is completed, one arranges materials into different groups again. Then they can be put in the appropriate places. Eventually they will be used once more and the whole cycle will have to be repeated. However this is part of life.

(Bransford and Johnson, 1973) Read with support of heading

How to do Laundry

The procedure is really quite simple. First you arrange things in different groups. Of course, one pile may be sufficient depending on how much there is to do. If you have to go somewhere else due to lack of facilities, that is the next step, otherwise you are pretty well set. It is important not to overdue things. That is, it is better to do too few things at once than too many. In the short run this may be expensive as well. At first the whole procedure will seem complicated. Soon, however, it will become just another facet of life. It is difficult to foresee any end to the necessity for this task in the immediate future, but then one can never tell. After the procedure is completed, one arranges materials into different groups again. Then they can be put in the appropriate places. Eventually they will be used once more and the whole cycle will have to be repeated. However this is part of life. Queen Elizabeth participated in a long-delayed christening ceremony in Clydebank, Scotland yesterday. While there is still bitterness here following the protracted strike, on this occasion a crowd of shipyard workers numbering in the hundreds joined dignitaries in cheering as the HMS Pinafore slipped into the water. Identifying the Complexity of Non Fiction Texts Identifying Complexity of Non Fiction Texts Helping students successfully navigate the demands of texts Close Reading Watch a close read in action
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