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HMS 103 Theories and Techniques

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Kaitlyn Wessels

on 1 December 2014

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Transcript of HMS 103 Theories and Techniques

Course Elements
Course Outcomes
Core Skills
Active Listening
Barriers to Communication
Skills in Reflection
Effective Questions
Aspects of Genuineness and Respect
Opening and Closing the Interview
Problem-Solving Process
Professional Communication

Reality Therapy
Person-Centered Therapy
Jungian Analysis
Existential Therapy
Gestalt Therapy
Solution-Focused Therapy
Cognitive Therapy
Narrative Therapy
Behavior Therapy
Feminist Therapy
Family Therapy
Other Therapeutic Approaches
Skills for intervention
Choosing your approach
Putting it all together

What is an Interview?
Role of the Interviewer
Attributes of the Interviewer
Identify and use basic counseling skills.
Identify and employ communication behaviors in social and professional interactions.
Discuss basic concepts and counseling theories in helping relationships.
Apply the problem-solving technique as an intervention strategy.

The Basics
Course Syllabus
HMS 103: Theories and Techniques
Lecture & Discussion
Textbook Readings
In-Class Activities
Role-Play Exercises
Out-of-Class Assignments
Online Quizzes
Active Reflection
What is an interview?
What is an interview NOT?
About you!
This course will not make you a therapist!

3 Components of Psychotherapy
(& this course)
Know thyself
Learn the theories
Apply it ALL!
What's in a name?
Introduce yourself with your full name
Think about your name and tell us about it. Consider sharing:
How you got your name.
Who named you, and why did they choose your name?
What your name means.
How your name has impacted your life.
Imagined Cave
Imagine a cave. The cave represents you.
What type of material is it made of?
Is there an opening in the cave or is it sealed?
If there's an opening, is it small/large, locked/protected, closed/open?
Describe the path that leads to the cave.
Is the path curvy?
Is it easy to walk?
Are there any obstacles on the path?
Is there more than one path to the cave?
What does the surrounding area look like?
What does the weather look like outside and around your cave?

HMS 103!

Housekeeping (Week 2)
Questions about the Syllabus
Extra credit recorded

Let's Recap
What is a therapeutic interview?
What is a therapeutic interview NOT?
True or False: "After this course, I'll be a therapist, so I should start practicing now."
Name seven attributes of the interviewer.
What are the five ways of listening? Give examples.
What are the three components of psychotherapy (& this course?)

Roles of the Interviewer
Imagine this is the Tree of Life.

Which character best matches YOU at this point in your life? Why?

On the back of your sheet, list bullet points detailing why you chose the character you did.
of the
Find a partner, and share your self-learning.
Do NOT take notes!
Prepare to share.
Introduction to Theories

Let's Recap
True or False: Interviewing skills are only applicable to the therapeutic setting.
What is a theory? Name the four criteria of a theory of psychotherapy.
Fill-in-the-Blank: Clients in therapy do better than --% of people who receive no help at all.
Which theory is best? Most used?
What are four factors of client improvement?
Active Listening
Week 3 Housekeeping
Due next week:
Two Listening Behavior Charts

Let's Recap
Grab bag--Nonverbal role-play
True or False: Non-verbals are a two-way street in an interview.
What is verbal tracking? Give an example.
What are examples of noise and what can you do about it?
Explain the significance of silence.

Week 7 Housekeeping:

Research design and Results sections due
APA paper questions
Quiz #1 opens tonight

Let's Recap
What are three examples of reflective statements?
How are reflective statements helpful in an interview?
What are four guidelines for using questions?
What is the difference between a closed and open-ended question?

Week 6 Housekeeping
Reflection #1 graded
Show and Tell due
Quiz opens after class next week

Show and Tell

Find a partner.
Conduct an interview with your partner about their item and its significance.

Use skills from this course:
Active Listening
Open-Ended Questions
Week 8 Housekeeping
Quiz #1 review (87% Avg)
Questions from Quiz?
October 24 last day to turn in APA papers for feedback
Questions on APA paper?
No class next week

Let's Recap
What is empathy?
Scenario & empathic response.
Tell me about genuineness.
What is person-centered therapy?
What is the goal of person-centered therapy?
How does an empathic attitude differ from active listening?
Housekeeping Week 7
Take the temperature
Critique/Conclusion section due
APA Paper due July 15
Week 11 Housekeeping
Questions about Journal Article Review and Critique
Assignment is due November 18th
Let's Recap
What are the stages of the interview?
What is door knob therapy and how can you avoid it?
What is the goal of Existential Therapy?
Name a few techniques used in Gestalt Therapy.

Quiz #2 -- The Details
Quiz open NOW
Quiz will close Tues., Dec 9 at 6 PM
No retakes, must complete in one sitting.
One week to complete=NO EXCEPTIONS!
20 points
Multiple choice, T/F, Matching
All material from second half is fair game.
Open note/open book. NOT a group test!
Review powerpoints, notes, and textbook.
Week #14
Reflection #2 due 12/2
Final Quiz due 12/9

Extra credit available
Drama Therapy
"A means of bringing about change in individuals and groups through direct experience of theatre art"

Client/therapist can take dramatic roles or traditional roles to act out complex feelings

May use with puppets, sand tray, or individuals/group

See pg. 627

Creative Arts Therapies
Dance movement

Encourage expressive qualities of clients

Works with all populations, particularly children or severely disabled clients;

Developed by Jacob Moreno
in the 1930s, precursor for many group therapies
Emphasis on spontaneity and creativity in solving problems

Playing roles: director, protagonist, auxiliaries

Process: warm-up, action, and discussion/sharing

Art Therapy
Use art materials to help clients express feelings

Produce a tangible product

Increase energy
Dance movement therapy
Goals: to help individuals grow by connecting feelings with movement

Dance movement therapist does not teach dance, but encourages expression

Clients use dance movement to experience and express both emotional and physiological feelings of the here and now
Music Therapy
Use music for MANY
non-music outcomes

Encourage expression of feelings through singing, instruments, accompaniment
Week #15
You made it!
Reflection #2
Extra credit?

Thanks, you guys.
It's been real.
Reflection #2
Due December 2 at 6PM

Reflection #2 Assignment Description

Write a personal reflection of your learning experience in this course.
Which therapeutic approaches are you most drawn to, and why? What are your biases? What did you learn about yourself? How will you use the information from this course as you move forward in your career as a helping professional?

Assignment should be typed, double-spaced, and 1-2 pages in length.

Compare and Contrast Exercise
Fill in the chart
Use as a study aid
Use to organize your thoughts
Opportunity for extra credit
(3 pts)

Active Listening
Let's Review
What makes a goal SMART?

Make the following goals/statements SMART:
"I want to improve my relationship with my sister."
"I need to stop smoking."
"I want to learn a foreign language."
"I'm always late to my appointments."

Describe some of the techniques used in Behavior Therapy.

Week #14
APA Papers: Update
Reflection #2 Due: NEXT WEEK
Extra credit available

Proper grammar, punctuation, and language
Paint a picture
Use objective word choices
Do not include personal opinions
Only include details of interaction that are relevant to treatment.
Document your actions/intervention.
Be specific!


Final thoughts?
Let's Review
T/F: It is highly unusual for a therapeutic relationship to end.
What are some reasons for termination?
Tell me the goal of narrative therapy.
How could using alternate narratives help a client?
What is solution-focused therapy?
Name and describe a few techniques of solution-focused therapy.
Week #4 Housekeeping
Listening Behavior Charts DUE
APA Intro, Format, & Citation
due next week (optional)
Reflection #1 due next week

Week #5
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